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Broughton Castle
Stately Home in England

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Broughton Castle is a medieval manor house located in the village of Broughton. It was built as a manor house by Sir John de Broughton in 1300 at a location where the confluence of three streams created a natural site for a moated manor.

Broughton fell into decay in the 19th century, but was eventually rescued by Frederick Fiennes, 16th Lord Saye and Sele, who brought in the prominent Victorian architect Sir George Gilbert Scott. It is still the home of the Saye and Sele family.

It is open the public. EntryFee charged. Facilities include Washrooms, shop and cafe on site. Pub in Broughton village within a short walk.

In 1451 it passed by inheritance to the Fiennes family

The house was sold in 1377 to William of Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester.

The original house was crenellated by Sir Thomas Wykeham in 1406.

In 1451 it passed by inheritance to the Fiennes family (Barons Saye and Sele). Beginning in 1550 Richard Fiennes transformed the medieval manor into a house in the Tudor style.

In the 17th century William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele was one of the leading activists against Charles I. He raised troops to fight against the king at the inconclusive Battle of Edgehill in 1642. Royalist troops later besieged the castle, overcoming the defenders and occupying the castle for a time.

 

 

 

 

Broughton is about two miles south-west of Banbury, Oxfordshire, England on the B4050 Shipston on Stour road



Address:
Broughton Castle
Broughton Castle
Banbury
Oxon OX15 5EB
England

Contact
Telephone from the UK: 01295 276 070
Telephone from the US: 010 44 1295 276 070
Telephone from France: 00 44 1295 276 070
Telephone from other countries: +44 (0)1295 276 070

Website: http://www.broughtoncastle.com/
e-mail: info@broughtoncastle.com

Google map showing the location of Broughton Castle

 

Google map showing Broughton Castle

 

The Gatehouse and Moat

The castle is approached over a bridge across the moat and through the imposing crenellated Gatehouse, built in 1405 by Sir Thomas Wykeham. The moat itself is six feet deep and encircles an area of 3 acres. Pass through the gatehouse and enter the courtyard. To your left is the shop and tea room, and ahead across an expanse of lawn is the Tudor frontage of Broughton Castle.

Great Hall

The Great Hall incorporates the original hall built in 1300. Above the fireplace in the Great Hall is a portrait of William of Wykeham, copied from an original portrait of c 1400. About the hall are arranged suits of armour in high niches, while swords and guns, halberds, pikes, and other weapons (most medieval) from around the world hang upon the wall. The ceiling is ornately plastered with large pendants hanging down in 18th century style. A passage beside the entry leads to ...

Dining Room

Superb "Double linen fold" paneling rings this rectangular chamber, which was originally the undercroft of the medieval house. To the left of the main window the paneling has been carved into a depiction of Broughton Castle itself, beside the likenesses of two sheep, and indication of the source of the family's wealth.

From the Dining Room the Groined Passage leads to stairs to the first floor. The passage is worth taking your time over, as it features some very fine medieval vaulting with fancifully caved corbel heads supporting the vaulting.

The Long Gallery

The stairs from the Groined Passage on the ground floor lead to the Long Gallery. This was a common feature in Tudor manor houses, being a place where you could exercise on days when the weather did not permit you go outside. It was also a place to showcase family portraits and art objects.

Queen Anne's Room

So named because Queen Anne of Denmark, wife of James I, slept here in 1604. A contemporary portrait of the queen hangs above the fireplace. The four poster bed is 18th century Hepplewhite, and the Chinese silk bed covers date from the same period. A small hagioscope (window with space to kneel and observe the interior of a church) in the corner of the room looks down into the family chapel. The chapel was consecrated in 1337, and the tiles and the altar are also early 14th century.

 

 

 

 

The Kings Room

Two kings have stayed in this room; King James I in 1604 and Edward VII in 1901. Hand painted 18th century Chinese wallpaper graces the chamber as well as the small antechamber leading off the main room. The ornate fireplace is in the French style and dates to 1554. The richly carved stucco overmantle depicts a scene from the works of the Roman poet Ovid, with dryads dancing about an oak tree.

The Great Parlour

At the opposite end of the Long Gallery from Queen Anne's Room is the Great Parlour. The most striking feature of this room is the quite remarkable plastered ceiling. One end of the ceiling shows the date 1559, and the other has the initials of Richard and Elizabeth Fiennes. The wallpaper has been designed to resemble leather. Two Coronation chairs can be found here; from the coronations of George V and Elizabeth II. The chairs were used during the coronation ceremony and then purchased by Lord Saye and Sele as mementoes of the occasions. In one corner of the room is the Coronation Robe worn by Lord Saye and Sele to the coronation of Elizabeth (see photo gallery). Family mementoes are dotted about the chamber, including a top hat given to Cecil Fiennes in 1859 for dismissing three batsmen with successive balls while playing cricket. This is one of the earliest known cases of a cricket "hat trick".

The Council Chamber

Used in the 1630s for secret meetings by William Fiennes and his friends plotting against King Charles I. Sir William was a founder of the Providence Island Company , whose avowed purpose was to encourage settlement in the Caribbean. Fiennes and his associates used the Providence Island Company as a cover for their illicit meeting to organize resistance against Charles I. Fiennes and men like Pym, Hampden, Lord Warwick, Lord Brooke, and Sir Henry Vane met in what they called "the room that hath no ears", which is believed to be this chamber.

In the centre of the chamber is a small table upon which are several cannon balls. These were found in the moat in 1768 and are believed to have come from the siege of Broughton Castle by Royalist troops following the Battle of Edgehill in October 1642. The Royalists eventually forced the castle defenders to surrender.

Oak Room

The Oak Room is built upon the foundations of the 14th century kitchens. This chamber is named for the oak paneling that covers much of the wall area. The most notable aspect of the Oak Room is the ornate porch, a very unusual interior feature. Above the porch is the Latin inscription 'Quod olim fuit meminisse minime iuvat' (there is no pleasure in the memory of the past). It seems likely that this inscription was added by William, the 8th Lord Saye and Sele, upon the restoration of the monarchy. Perhaps Sir William intended to draw a line under his family's past support for Parliament during the Civil War, and show appropriate gratitude to King Charles II for pardoning the family upon his return to the throne.

Gardens and Grounds

The gardens at Broughton are a lovely mix of formal and informal. The formal part is the Ladies Garden at the rear of the house, enclosed by low walls. This garden of low hedges and gravelled walks was built upon the site of the 16th century kitchens. The roses are a particularly lovely aspect of this garden, and are at their best in July.

Church

The parish church of St Mary's stands only a few yards from the moat at Broughton Castle. It is well worth a visit, for the elaborate family tombs of the Wykeham and Fiennes family who are buried here, as well as the quite lovely medieval wall paintings. These latter, though reasonable well preserved, pale in splendour beside the richly painted tomb of Sir John de Broughton, founder of the castle (d. 1315). Sir John's tomb, on the south wall of the south aisle, is quite remarkable for its rich ornamentation.

 

 

 

 

Film Location For:


Becket (1964)    with Richard Burton and Peter O’Toole

Joseph Andrews (1976)    

The Slipper and the Rose (1976)    

Scarlet Pimpernel (1982)    

Lady Jane (1986)    

Three Men and a Little Lady (1987)    

The Madness of King George (1994)    

Shakespeare in Love (1998)    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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