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Alcazar Castle, Segovia, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Alcazar, Segovia, Spain

 

The Alcázar of Segovia (literally, Segovia Castle) is a stone fortification, rising out on a rocky crag above the confluence of the rivers Eresma and Clamores near the Guadarrama mountains.

 

It is one of the most distinctive castle-palaces in Spain, shaped like the bow of a ship.

 

The Alcázar of Segovia, like many fortifications in Spain , started off as an Arab fort, which itself was built on a Roman fort but little of that structure remains. It has served as a royal palace, a state prison, a Royal Artillery College and a military academy since Moorish times.

Pena Palace, Sintra, Portugal - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Pena Palace

Sintra

Portugal

The Peacock Room, Castello di Sammezzano, Reggello, Tuscany, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Peacock Room

Castello di Sammezzano

Reggello

Tuscany

Italy

Mardan Palace, Antalya, Turkey - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Mardan Palace

Antalya

Turkey

Lickleyhead Castle, Aberdeenshire, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Lickleyhead Castle

Aberdeenshire

Scotland

Balmoral Castle, Royal Deeside, Aberdeenshire, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Balmoral Castle

Royal Deeside

Aberdeenshire

Scotland

Krak des Chevaliers (or Crac des Chevaliers), Crusader Castle, Syria - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Krak des Chevaliers (or Crac Des Chevaliers)

CRUSADER CASTLE

Syria

 

Krak Des Chevaliers is one of the most important preserved medieval castles in the world. The site was settled in the 11th century by Kurds; as a result it was known as Hisn al Akrad, meaning the "Castle of the Kurds". In 1142 it was given by Raymond II, Count of Tripoli, to the Knights Hospitaller. It remained in their possession until it fell in 1271. It was known as Crac de l'Ospital (the name Krak Des Chevaliers was coined only in the 19th century.)

Cascais Citadel, Cascais, Portugal - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Cascais Citadel

Cascais

Portugal

Castello Barletta, Barletta-Andria-Trani, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castello Barletta,

Barletta-Andria-Trani

Italy

Castello Barletta, Barletta-Andria-Trani, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castello Barletta,

Barletta-Andria-Trani

Italy

Château de Langeais, Indre-et-Loire, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Langeais

(a medieval castle rebuilt as a château)

Indre-et-Loire

France

Byblos Castle, Crusader Castle, Byblos, Lebanon - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Byblos Castle

CRUSADER CASTLE

Byblos

Lebanon

Mohabbat Maqbara Palace (Mausoleum of Bahaduddinbhai Hasainbhai) Junagadh, India - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Mohabbat Maqbara Palace

(Mausoleum of Bahaduddinbhai Hasainbhai)

Junagadh

India

Château de Sceaux, Sceaux, Hauts-de-Seine, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Sceaux, Sceaux, Hauts-de-Seine, France

 

The Château de Sceaux is a grand country house in Sceaux, Hauts-de-Seine, not far from Paris, France.

 

Located in a park laid out by André Le Nôtre, it houses the Musée de l’Île-de-France, a museum of local history.

 

The former château was built for Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Louis XIV's minister of finance, who purchased the domaine in 1670.

 

The present château, designed to evoke the style of Louis XIII, dates from the Second Empire. Some of Colbert's outbuildings remain, and the basis of the garden layout.

 

 

Kyrenia Castle, Kyrenia, Cyprus - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Kyrenia Castle

Kyrenia

(a 16th-century castle built by Venetians on an earlier CRUSADER CASTLE)

Cyprus

Krak des Chevaliers (or Crac des Chevaliers), Crusader Castle, Syria - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Krak Des Chevaliers (or Crac Des Chevaliers)

CRUSADER CASTLE

Syria

 

Krak Des Chevaliers is one of the most important preserved medieval castles in the world. The site was settled in the 11th century by Kurds; as a result it was known as Hisn al Akrad, meaning the "Castle of the Kurds". In 1142 it was given by Raymond II, Count of Tripoli, to the Knights Hospitaller. It remained in their possession until it fell in 1271. It was known as Crac de l'Ospital (the name Krak Des Chevaliers was coined only in the 19th century.)

Culzean Castle, near Maybole, Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland  - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Culzean Castle

near Maybole

Carrick

Ayrshire

Scotland

Matsumoto Castle, ("Crow Castle"), Matsumoto, Nagano Prefecture near Tokyo. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Matsumoto Castle, ("Crow Castle")
Matsumoto, Nagano Prefecture near Tokyo, Japan

 

Matsumoto Castle is one of Japan's premier historic castles. The keep (tenshukaku), was completed in the late sixteenth century, It is listed as a National Treasure of Japan.

 

Matsumoto Castle is a flatland castle (hirajiro) built on a plain. Its defences would have included an extensive system of inter-connecting walls, moats, and gatehouses.

The Winter Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia  - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Winter Palace

Saint Petersburg

Russia

Ajloun Castle, a Crusader Castle built atop Jabal Auf, near Ajloun, in northern Jordan - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ajloun Castle

CRUSADER CASTLE

built atop Jabal Auf

near Ajloun

northern Jordan

Kolossi Castle, Cyprus - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Kolossi Castle

CRUSADER CASTLE

west of Limassol

Cyprus

Sidon Sea Castle, Crusader Castle, Sidon, Lebanon - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Sidon Sea Castle

CRUSADER CASTLE

Sidon

Lebanon.

Paphos Castle, Paphos harbour, Cyprus. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Paphos Castle

Paphos harbour.

(Built as a Byzantine fort, rebuilt as a CRUSADER CASTLE)

Cyprus

Schwerin Castle, Schwerin, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schwerin Castle

city of Schwerin

Germany

Sited on an island in the city's main lake, the Schweriner See

Hampton Court Palace, Richmond upon Thames, Greater London - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Hampton Court Palace

Richmond upon Thames

Greater London

Dover Castle, Kent, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Dover Castle

Dover, Kent, England.

 

Dover Castle was founded in the 12th century and has been described as the "Key to England" due to its defensive significance. It is the largest castle in England.

 

During the reign of Henry II t the castle began to take recognisable shape. The inner and outer baileys and the great keep belong to this time. Maurice the Engineer was responsible for building the keep, one of the last rectangular keeps ever built.

 

Dover Castle is a Scheduled Monument and a Grade I listed building. The castle, its secret tunnels, and surrounding land are owned by English Heritage and the site is a major tourist attraction.

 

From the Cinque Ports foundation in 1050, Dover has always been a chief member. The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is officially head of the castle, in his conjoint position of Constable of Dover Castle, and the Deputy Constable has his residence in Constable's Gate.

Dover Castle, Kent, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Dover Castle

Dover, Kent, England.

 

Dover Castle was founded in the 12th century and has been described as the "Key to England" due to its defensive significance. It is the largest castle in England.

 

During the reign of Henry II t the castle began to take recognisable shape. The inner and outer baileys and the great keep belong to this time. Maurice the Engineer was responsible for building the keep, one of the last rectangular keeps ever built.

 

Dover Castle is a Scheduled Monument and a Grade I listed building. The castle, its secret tunnels, and surrounding land are owned by English Heritage and the site is a major tourist attraction.

 

From the Cinque Ports foundation in 1050, Dover has always been a chief member. The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is officially head of the castle, in his conjoint position of Constable of Dover Castle, and the Deputy Constable has his residence in Constable's Gate.

Dover Castle, Kent, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Dover Castle

Dover, Kent, England.

 

Dover Castle was founded in the 12th century and has been described as the "Key to England" due to its defensive significance. It is the largest castle in England.

 

During the reign of Henry II t the castle began to take recognisable shape. The inner and outer baileys and the great keep belong to this time. Maurice the Engineer was responsible for building the keep, one of the last rectangular keeps ever built.

 

Dover Castle is a Scheduled Monument and a Grade I listed building. The castle, its secret tunnels, and surrounding land are owned by English Heritage and the site is a major tourist attraction.

 

From the Cinque Ports foundation in 1050, Dover has always been a chief member. The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is officially head of the castle, in his conjoint position of Constable of Dover Castle, and the Deputy Constable has his residence in Constable's Gate.

Dover Castle, Kent, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Dover Castle

Dover, Kent, England.

 

Dover Castle was founded in the 12th century and has been described as the "Key to England" due to its defensive significance. It is the largest castle in England.

 

During the reign of Henry II t the castle began to take recognisable shape. The inner and outer baileys and the great keep belong to this time. Maurice the Engineer was responsible for building the keep, one of the last rectangular keeps ever built.

 

Dover Castle is a Scheduled Monument and a Grade I listed building. The castle, its secret tunnels, and surrounding land are owned by English Heritage and the site is a major tourist attraction.

 

From the Cinque Ports foundation in 1050, Dover has always been a chief member. The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is officially head of the castle, in his conjoint position of Constable of Dover Castle, and the Deputy Constable has his residence in Constable's Gate.

Dover Castle, Kent, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Dover Castle

Dover, Kent, England.

 

Dover Castle was founded in the 12th century and has been described as the "Key to England" due to its defensive significance. It is the largest castle in England.

 

During the reign of Henry II t the castle began to take recognisable shape. The inner and outer baileys and the great keep belong to this time. Maurice the Engineer was responsible for building the keep, one of the last rectangular keeps ever built.

 

Dover Castle is a Scheduled Monument and a Grade I listed building. The castle, its secret tunnels, and surrounding land are owned by English Heritage and the site is a major tourist attraction.

 

From the Cinque Ports foundation in 1050, Dover has always been a chief member. The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is officially head of the castle, in his conjoint position of Constable of Dover Castle, and the Deputy Constable has his residence in Constable's Gate.

Dover Castle, Kent, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Dover Castle

Dover, Kent, England.

 

Dover Castle was founded in the 12th century and has been described as the "Key to England" due to its defensive significance. It is the largest castle in England.

 

During the reign of Henry II t the castle began to take recognisable shape. The inner and outer baileys and the great keep belong to this time. Maurice the Engineer was responsible for building the keep, one of the last rectangular keeps ever built.

 

Dover Castle is a Scheduled Monument and a Grade I listed building. The castle, its secret tunnels, and surrounding land are owned by English Heritage and the site is a major tourist attraction.

 

From the Cinque Ports foundation in 1050, Dover has always been a chief member. The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is officially head of the castle, in his conjoint position of Constable of Dover Castle, and the Deputy Constable has his residence in Constable's Gate.

Dover Castle, Kent, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Dover Castle

Dover, Kent, England.

 

Dover Castle was founded in the 12th century and has been described as the "Key to England" due to its defensive significance. It is the largest castle in England.

 

During the reign of Henry II t the castle began to take recognisable shape. The inner and outer baileys and the great keep belong to this time. Maurice the Engineer was responsible for building the keep, one of the last rectangular keeps ever built.

 

Dover Castle is a Scheduled Monument and a Grade I listed building. The castle, its secret tunnels, and surrounding land are owned by English Heritage and the site is a major tourist attraction.

 

From the Cinque Ports foundation in 1050, Dover has always been a chief member. The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is officially head of the castle, in his conjoint position of Constable of Dover Castle, and the Deputy Constable has his residence in Constable's Gate.

Schloss Drachenburg (Drachenburg Castle), Königswinter, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Drachenburg (Drachenburg Castle)

Königswinter

on the Rhine near Bonn

Germany

The Gravensteen ("castle of the count"), Sint-Veerleplein, Gent, Belgium - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Gravensteen

"castle of the count"

Sint-Veerleplein

Gent

Belgium

Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork, Marienburg (Mary's Castle), Poland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork,

Marienburg (Mary's Castle)

Poland

 

This is the largest castle in the world by surface area,

and the largest brick building in Europe.

Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork, Marienburg (Mary's Castle), Poland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork,

Marienburg (Mary's Castle)

Poland

 

This is the largest castle in the world by surface area,

and the largest brick building in Europe.

Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork, Marienburg (Mary's Castle), Poland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork,

Marienburg (Mary's Castle)

Poland

 

This is the largest castle in the world by surface area,

and the largest brick building in Europe.

Burg Eltz, located above the Moselle River between Koblenz and Trier, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burg Eltz

located above the Moselle River

between Koblenz and Trier

Germany

Burg Eltz, located above the Moselle River between Koblenz and Trier, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burg Eltz

located above the Moselle River

between Koblenz and Trier

Germany

Ceiling, Cardiff Castle, Cardiff, Wales. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ceiling

Cardiff Castle

Cardiff

Wales

Trakai Island Castle, in Trakai, Lithuania on an island in Lake Galve, Lithuania - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Trakai Island Castle

Trakai

on an island in Lake Galve

Lithuania

 

The castle is sometimes referred to as "Little Marienburg".

Olavinlinna (St. Olaf's Castle) in Savonlinna, Finland. It is the northernmost medieval stone fortress in Europe still standing - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Olavinlinna (St. Olaf's Castle)

Savonlinna

Finland.

 

This is said to be the northernmost medieval stone fortress in Europe still standing

Schwerin Castle, Schwerin, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schwerin Castle

city of Schwerin

Germany

Sited on an island in the city's main lake, the Schweriner See

Hohenwerfen Castle, above the Salzach Valley, Austria - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Hohenwerfen Castle

above the Salzach Valley

Austria

Château de Chillon, on the shore of Lake Geneva, Commune of Veytaux, Near Montreux, Switzerland. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Chillon, Veytaux, Montreux, Switzerland

 

The Château de Chillon (Chillon Castle) is an island castle located on the shore of Lake Geneva in the commune of Veytaux, at the eastern end of the lake, 3 km from Montreux

 

The first written record of the castle date to 1160. From the mid 12th century, the castle was home to the Counts of Savoy.

 

The Château de Chillon was made popular by Lord Byron, who wrote the poem The Prisoner Of Chillon; Byron also carved his name on a pillar of the dungeon.

 

The castle is also one of the settings in Henry James's novella Daisy Miller (1878).

Donjon de Vez (or château de Vez), Commune Vez, Département Oise, Picardie, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Donjon de Vez, Oise, Picardy, France

 

The Donjon (keep) is part of the Château de Vez.

 

 

Aljaferia, Zaragoza, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Aljaferia

Zaragoza

Spain

 

The Aljafería Palace is a fortified medieval Islamic palace

in the Moorish taifa of Zaragoza of Al-Andalus

Bouzov Castle, located between the village of Hvozdek and the town of Bouzov, west of Litovel, Moravia, Czech Republic.  - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bouzov Castle,

located between the village of Hvozdek

and the town of Bouzov

west of Litovel

Moravia

Czech Republic

Alila Fort Bishangarh, near Jaipur, Rajasthan, India  - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Alila Fort Bishangarh

near Jaipur

Rajasthan

India

Bahla Fort, situated at the foot of the Djebel Akhdar highlands, Oman  - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bahla Fort

situated at the foot of the Djebel Akhdar highlands

Oman

Caerlaverock Castle, on the southern coast of Scotland, 11 kilometres south of Dumfries, on the edge of the Caerlaverock National Nature Reserve. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Caerlaverock Castle

on the southern coast of Scotland

11 kilometres south of Dumfries

on the edge of the Caerlaverock National Nature Reserve.

Bratislavsky hrad (Bratislava Castle), Bratislava, Slovakia. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bratislavsky hrad (Bratislava Castle)

Bratislava

Slovakia

 

Leeds Castle, Kent, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Leeds Castle, Kent, England

 

Leeds Castle is in Kent, England, 5 miles (8 km) Southeast of Maidstone. A castle has been on the site since 1119. In the 13th century it came into the hands of King Edward I, for whom it became a favourite residence; in the 16th century, Henry VIII used it as a residence for his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

 

The castle was a location for the 1949 film Kind Hearts and Coronets where it stood in for "Chalfont", the ancestral home of the d'Ascoyne family. The castle also appeared in Moonraker (1958) and Waltz of the Toreadors (1962). It was the set for the Doctor Who episode The Androids of Tara.

 

The castle today dates mostly from the 19th century and is built on islands in a lake formed by the River Len to the east of the village of Leeds. It has been open to the public since 1976

.

Leeds Castle, Kent, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Leeds Castle, Kent, England

 

Leeds Castle is in Kent, England, 5 miles (8 km) Southeast of Maidstone. A castle has been on the site since 1119. In the 13th century it came into the hands of King Edward I, for whom it became a favourite residence; in the 16th century, Henry VIII used it as a residence for his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

 

The castle was a location for the 1949 film Kind Hearts and Coronets where it stood in for "Chalfont", the ancestral home of the d'Ascoyne family. The castle also appeared in Moonraker (1958) and Waltz of the Toreadors (1962). It was the set for the Doctor Who episode The Androids of Tara.

 

The castle today dates mostly from the 19th century and is built on islands in a lake formed by the River Len to the east of the village of Leeds. It has been open to the public since 1976

Castel Sant Angelo (The Mausoleum of Hadrian), Parco Adriano, Rome, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castel Sant Angelo (The Mausoleum of Hadrian)

Parco Adriano

Rome

Italy

Leeds Castle, Kent, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Leeds Castle, Kent, England

 

Leeds Castle is in Kent, England, 5 miles (8 km) Southeast of Maidstone. A castle has been on the site since 1119. In the 13th century it came into the hands of King Edward I, for whom it became a favourite residence; in the 16th century, Henry VIII used it as a residence for his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

 

The castle was a location for the 1949 film Kind Hearts and Coronets where it stood in for "Chalfont", the ancestral home of the d'Ascoyne family. The castle also appeared in Moonraker (1958) and Waltz of the Toreadors (1962). It was the set for the Doctor Who episode The Androids of Tara.

 

The castle today dates mostly from the 19th century and is built on islands in a lake formed by the River Len to the east of the village of Leeds. It has been open to the public since 1976

Fort Bourtange, in the village of Bourtange, Groningen, Netherlands.  - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Fort Bourtange

in the village of Bourtange

Groningen

Netherlands.

 

It was built in 1593 on the orders of William the Silent.

The Château de Brissac, Brissac-Quincé, Maine-et-Loire, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château de Brissac

Brissac-Quincé

Maine-et-Loire

France

Castel del Monte, Andria, Apulia region, Southeast Italy. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castel del Monte (Castle of the Mount), Andria, Apulia region, Italy

 

Castel del Monte is a 13th-century citadel and castle. It stands on a promontory, where it was constructed during the 1240s by the Emperor Frederick II, who had inherited the lands from his mother, Constance of Sicily.

 

It has neither a moat nor a drawbridge leading some to conclude that it was never intended as a defensive fortress; On the other hand, archaeological work has suggested that it originally had a curtain wall, so what we see today was just the keep of the original structure.

 

It is a World Heritage Site, and appears on the Italian version of the one-cent euro coin.

Schloss Moritzburg (Moritzburg Castle), Moritzburg, Saxony, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Moritzburg (Castle Moritzburg)

Schloßallee, 01468 Moritzburg, Saxony, Germany

 

Moritzburg Castle is a Baroque palace in Moritzburg, in the German state of Saxony, about 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) Northwest of Dresden.

 

The castle is named after Duke Moritz of Saxony, who had a hunting lodge built here between 1542 and 1546.

Gammel Estrup (Gammel Estrup Manor), east of Randers City, Denmark - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Gammel Estrup (Gammel Estrup Manor)

east of Randers City

Denmark

 

Gammel Estrup Manor was built in 1490, but excavations have revealed evidence of earlier constructions also mentioned in texts under the name Essendrup dating back to 1340.

 

From 1930 the manor has served as a museum, showing the development of Danish nobility.

Schloss Glücksburg (Lyksborg Slot or Glücksburg Castle), Glücksburg, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Glücksburg

(Lyksborg Slot or Glücksburg Castle)

Glücksburg

Germany

 

Glücksburg Castle is one of the most important Renaissance castles in northern Europe.

 

It is the seat of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and was also used by the Danish kings.

 

Situated on the Flensburg Fjord the castle is now a museum owned by a foundation.

Kasteel van Laarne (Laarne Castle), Laarne, East Flanders, Belgium. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Kasteel van Laarne (Laarne Castle)

Laarne, East Flanders, Belgium.

 

Laarne Castle is a moated castle, established in the 11th or 12th century to guard the approaches to Ghent from the sea, it was comprehensively renovated in the 17th century.

 

Since 1953 the castle has belonged to the Koninklijke Vereniging der Historische Woonsteden en Tuinen van België ("The Royal Association of Historical Houses and Gardens in Belgium"), to whom it was given by the last private owner, the Comte de Ribaucourt. It is a protected national monument and is now used as a museum.

Manjarabad Fort, just outside of Sakleshpura, on National Highway 48, Hassan District, Karnataka, India - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Manjarabad Fort

just outside of Sakleshpura

on National Highway 48

Hassan District

Karnataka

India

 

The fort is reputed to have been constructed by Tippu Sultan, ruler of Mysore.

Traku salos pilis (Trakai Island Castle), an island castle located in Trakai, Lithuania on an island in Lake Galve. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Traku salos pilis (Trakai Island Castle)

located in Trakai

Lithuania

on an island in Lake Galve.

 

The castle is sometimes referred to as "Little Marienburg".

Akashi Castle, Akashi, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan.  - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Akashi Castle

Akashi

Hyogo Prefecture

Japan

The Alcázar of Segovia (Segovia Castle), Segovia, Spain. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Alcázar of Segovia (Segovia Castle)

Segovia

Spain

The Aljafería Palace, Zaragoza, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Aljafería Palace

Zaragoza

Spain

Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, England. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Alnwick Castle,

Alnwick, Northumberland, England.

 

Alnwick is a castle and stately home. It is the seat of the Duke of Northumberland, built following the Norman conquest, remodelled a number of times over the last thousand years. It is a Grade I listed building.

   
Altena Castle, Altena, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Altena Castle

Altena

Germany

Amer Fort, Amer, Rajasthan, India. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Amer Fort

Amer

Rajasthan

India

Amer Fort, Amer, Rajasthan, India. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Amer Fort

Amer

Rajasthan

India

Kasteel Ammersoyen, Kasteellaan, Ammerzoden, Netherlands - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Kasteel Ammersoyen

Kasteellaan

Ammerzoden

Netherlands

Castle of Ampudia, Palencia, Castile and León, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castle of Ampudia

Palencia

Castile and León

Spain

Arg-e-Bam (Bam Citadel), Bam, Kerman Province, Iran. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Arg-e-Bam (Bam Citadel)

Bam

Kerman Province

Iran

Château de Azay-le-Rideau, Azay-le-Rideau, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, Centre, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Azay-le-Rideau

Azay-le-Rideau

Chinon

Indre-et-Loire,

Centre

France

Azuchi Castle, on the shores of Lake Biwa, Omi Province, Japan - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Azuchi Castle

[reconstruction of the keep]

on the shores of Lake Biwa

Omi Province

Japan

Baba Vida, Vidin, Bulgaria - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Baba Vida

Vidin

Bulgaria

The Castle of Bardi (or Landi), Upper Ceno Valley, Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Castle of Bardi (or Landi)

Upper Ceno Valley

Parma

Emilia-Romagna

Italy

Beersel Castle, Beersel, Flemish Brabant, Belgium. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Beersel Castle

Beersel

Flemish Brabant

Belgium

Fort de Bellegarde, Le Perthus, Pyrénées-Orientales, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Fort de Bellegarde

Le Perthus

Pyrénées-Orientales

France

Bellver Castle. northwest of Palma, Majorca, Balearic Islands, Spain. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bellver Castle

Northwest of Palma

Majorca

Balearic Islands

Spain

Château de Belœil, Belœil, Hainaut, Belgium. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Belœil

Belœil

Hainaut

Belgium

hâteau de Blandy-les-Tours, Blandy-les-Tours, Seine-et-Marne, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Blandy-les-Tours

Blandy-les-Tours, Seine-et-Marne, France

 

The Château de Blandy-les-Tours was mentioned in a text in 1216. It belonged to Adam II de Chailly, Viscount of Melun. It consisted of a simple manor and chapel, the only construction made of stone. The site was previously a Merovingian necropolis.

 

In the 14th century, the castle was strongly modified with new fortifications and structures of defence. A moat was dug and a new gate-tower with a drawbridge was included in the enclosing wall.

Bodiam Castle, East Sussex, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bodiam Castle, East Sussex, England

 

Bodiam Castle is a 14th-century moated castle. It was built in 1385 by Sir Edward Dalyngrigge, a former knight of Edward III, with the permission of Richard II, to defend the area against French invasion during the Hundred Years' War.

 

Bodiam Castle has a quadrangular plan. It has no keep, having its various chambers built around the outer defensive walls and inner courts. The corners and entrance are marked by towers, topped by crenellations.

 

It was the home of the Dalyngrigge family and the centre of the manor of Bodiam. The castle is protected as a Grade I listed building and Scheduled Monument. It has been owned by The National Trust since 1925, when it was donated by Lord Curzon on his death. It is open to the public.

Bodiam Castle, East Sussex, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bodiam Castle, East Sussex, England

 

Bodiam Castle is a 14th-century moated castle. It was built in 1385 by Sir Edward Dalyngrigge, a former knight of Edward III, with the permission of Richard II, to defend the area against French invasion during the Hundred Years' War.

 

Bodiam Castle has a quadrangular plan. It has no keep, having its various chambers built around the outer defensive walls and inner courts. The corners and entrance are marked by towers, topped by crenellations.

 

It was the home of the Dalyngrigge family and the centre of the manor of Bodiam. The castle is protected as a Grade I listed building and Scheduled Monument. It has been owned by The National Trust since 1925, when it was donated by Lord Curzon on his death. It is open to the public.

Castle of Guadamur, Province of Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castle of Guadamur
Province of Toledo
Castile-La Mancha
Spain

Château d'Angers, Angers, Loire Valley, Maine-et-Loire, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château d'Angers

Angers, Loire Valley, Maine-et-Loire, France.

 

The Château d'Angers was founded in the 9th century by the Counts of Anjou. It was expanded to its current size in the 13th century. It is strategically located by the river Maine. Open to the public, the Château d'Angers is home of the Apocalypse Tapestry.

Schloss Braunfels, Lahn-Dill-Kreis, Gießen, Hesse, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Braunfels,
Lahn-Dill-Kreis
Gießen
Hesse
Germany

Carondelet Castle near the village of Crupet, north of the city of Dinant, in the province of Namur, in the Wallonia region in Belgium. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Carondelet Castle
near the village of Crupet
north of the city of Dinant
Province of Namur, in the
Wallonia region
Belgium.

Kasteel de Haar (Castle De Haar), near Haarzuilens, Province of Utrecht, Netherlands - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Kasteel de Haar (Castle De Haar)

near Haarzuilens

Province of Utrecht

Netherlands

Castle de Chillon, Veytaux, Switzerland. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Chillon, Veytaux, Montreux, Switzerland

 

The Château de Chillon (Chillon Castle) is an island castle located on the shore of Lake Geneva in the commune of Veytaux, at the eastern end of the lake, 3 km from Montreux

 

The first written record of the castle date to 1160. From the mid 12th century, the castle was home to the Counts of Savoy.

 

The Château de Chillon was made popular by Lord Byron, who wrote the poem The Prisoner Of Chillon; Byron also carved his name on a pillar of the dungeon.

 

The castle is also one of the settings in Henry James's novella Daisy Miller (1878).

Château de Vufflens (Vufflens Castle), Vufflens-le-Château Vaud, Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Vufflens (Vufflens Castle), Vufflens-le-Château, Vaud, Switzerland

 

A castle was built here in 1425 by Henri de Colombier on the site of a previous medieval castle. Of Henri Colombier's structure, the donjon, several towers, outbuildings, curtain wall and the gate-house survive.

 

In 1641 it was acquired by the de Senarclens family. .

 

Today the castle is a Swiss heritage site of national significance. It is currently privately owned and cannot be visited by the general public.

 

Bojnický Zámok (Bojnice Castle), Bojnice, Slovak Republic - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bojnický Zámok (Bojnice Castle)

Bojnice

Slovak Republic

Roofs of Bran Castle, near Brasov, Romania - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Roofs of Bran Castle

near Brasov

Romania.

Buerg Veianen (Vianden Castle), Vianden, Luxembourg. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Vianden Castle, Vianden, Luxembourg

 

Vianden Castle (French: Château de Vianden, German: Burg Vianden Luxembourgish: Buerg Veianen), is located in Vianden, in the north of Luxembourg.

 

Vianden is one of the largest fortified castles west of the Rhine. Its origins date to the 10th century. The castle was built in the Romanesque style between the 11th and 14th centuries. Gothic aspects were added at the end of this period.

 

A Renaissance mansion was added in the 17th century. After the seventeenth century the castle was allowed to fall into ruin, and has recently been restored.

 

It is now open to visitors.

Schloß Naudersberg (Naudersberg Castle), Nauders, Tirol, Austria - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloß Naudersberg (Naudersberg Castle)

Nauders

Tirol

Austria

Drum Castle, near Drumoak, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Drum Castle

near Drumoak

Aberdeenshire

Scotland

 

 

For centuries Drum Castle was the seat

of the chief of Clan Irvine

Château de Ratilly, Treigny, Yonne, Bourgogne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Ratilly

Treigny

Yonne

Bourgogne

France

Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi in the Syrian Desert. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi

in the Syrian Desert.

Château de Suse (Shush Castle), Susa (Shush), Khuzestan Province, Iran - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Suse (Shush Castle)

Susa (Shush)

Khuzestan Province

Iran

 

[constructed by French archaeologist
Jean-Marie Jacques de Morgan in the late 1890s]

Château de Suscinio {or de Susinio), Sarzeau, Morbihan, Brittany, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Suscinio (or de Susinio)

Sarzeau, Morbihan, Brittany, France

 

Built in the late Middle Ages as the residence of the Dukes of Brittany.

 

The Château de Suscinio dates from the beginning of the 13th century. It was enlarged at the end of 14th century, when the heirs of the duchy were fighting to keep their possessions (Brittany was not annexed by France until 1514).

 

From 1471 to 1483, the castle was home to Jasper Tudor, Henry Tudor (later King Henry VII of England), and the core of their group of exiled Lancastrians, numbering about 500 by 1483. Duke Francis II supported this group of exiles against Plantagenet demands for their surrender.

Tizourgane, Chtouka Aït Baha, Souss-Massa-Drâa, Morocco - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Tizourgane

Chtouka Aït Baha

Souss-Massa-Drâa

Morocco

Trakošcan Castle, Varaždin County, Northern Croatia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Trakošcan Castle

Varaždin County

Northern Croatia

Hawa Mahal Palace, Jaipur, Rajasthan State, India - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Hawa Mahal (Hawa Palace)

Jaipur

Rajasthan

India

Hohenzollern Castle, c 50 kilometers south of Stuttgart, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Hohenzollern (Hohenzollern Castle)

72379 Burg Hohenzollern, Germany

 

Hohenzollern Castle is the ancestral seat of the Hohenzollern family, who became German Emperors

 

A castle was first constructed here in the early 11th century. The present castle was constructed for King Frederick William IV of Prussia between 1846 and 1867. The design was based on English Gothic Revival architecture and the Châteaux of the Loire Valley.

 

In 1945 it became home to the former Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany, son of the last Hohenzollern monarch, Kaiser Wilhelm II, who is buried there with his wife, Crown Princess Cecilie

Hohenzollern Castle, c 50 kilometers south of Stuttgart, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Hohenzollern (Hohenzollern Castle)

72379 Burg Hohenzollern, Germany

 

Hohenzollern Castle is the ancestral seat of the Hohenzollern family, who became German Emperors

 

A castle was first constructed here in the early 11th century. The present castle was constructed for King Frederick William IV of Prussia between 1846 and 1867. The design was based on English Gothic Revival architecture and the Châteaux of the Loire Valley.

 

In 1945 it became home to the former Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany, son of the last Hohenzollern monarch, Kaiser Wilhelm II, who is buried there with his wife, Crown Princess Cecilie

Burg Kriebstein (Kriebstein Castle), Kriebstein, near Waldheim, Saxony, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burg Kriebstein (Kriebstein Castle)

Kriebstein

near Waldheim

Saxony

Germany

Parterre, The Château de Villandry, Villandry, Indre-et-Loire, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Parterre

The Château de Villandry

Villandry

Indre-et-Loire

France.

The Château d'Ussé, Rigny-Ussé, Indre-et-Loire, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château d'Ussé

Rigny-Ussé

Indre-et-Loire

France

Falak-ol-Aflak Castle, within the city of Khorramabad, Lorestan Province, Iran. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Falak-ol-Aflak Castle

within the city of Khorramabad

Lorestan Province

Iran.

Khiva City Walls, Xorazm Province, Uzbekistan. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Khiva City Walls

Xorazm Province

Uzbekistan.

Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqiin the middle of the Syrian Desert.

Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqiin the middle of the Syrian Desert. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com
Burg Vischering (Vischering Castle), Lüdinghausen, North Rhine-Westfalia, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burg Vischering (Vischering Castle)

Lüdinghausen

North Rhine-Westfalia

Germany.

Castle Stalker, on a tidal islet on Loch Laich, an inlet off Loch Linnhe, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castle Stalker

on a tidal islet on Loch Laich, an inlet off Loch Linnhe

Scotland

Spøttrup Borg, Spøttrup, Denmark - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Spøttrup Borg

Spøttrup

Denmark

Rocca Sanvitale (Sanvitale Castle), Fontanellato, near Parma, Italy. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Rocca Sanvitale (Sanvitale Castle)

Fontanellato

near Parma

Italy

Mont Saint-Michel, located one kilometre off France's northwestern coast, at the mouth of the Couesnon River near Avranches, Normandy, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Mont Saint-Michel

located one kilometre

off France's northwestern coast

at the mouth of the Couesnon River near Avranches

Normandy

France

Traku salos pilis (Trakai Island Castle) in Trakai, Lithuania on an island in Lake Galve. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Traku salos pilis (Trakai Island Castle)

Trakai

Lithuania

(on an island in Lake Galve)

Château de Sully-sur-Loire, Sully-sur-Loire, Loiret, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Sully-sur-Loire

Sully-sur-Loire

Loiret

France.

Grand Staircase, Buckingham Palace, London, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Grand Staircase

Buckingham Palace

London

England

Pena Palace, Sintra, Portugal  - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Pena Palace

Sintra

Portugal

 

Pena Palace, Sintra, Portugal

Torre de Belém (Belém Tower or the Tower of St Vincent), Santa Maria de Belém, Lisbon, Portugal - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Torre de Belém (Belém Tower or the Tower of St Vincent)

Santa Maria de Belém

Lisbon

Portugal

Coca Castle, Coca, Segovia, Castile-Leon, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Coca Castle

Coca

Segovia

Castile-Leon

Spain

The Château de Castelnau-Bretenoux, Prudhomat, Lot, Quercy, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Castelnau-Bretenoux

Prudhomat, Lot, Quercy, France

 

Construction began about 1100, under Hugues, baron of Castelnau, who built a wall around his manor. He was the ancestor of the powerful dynasty of Castelnau, who owned a rich and prosperous region and were vassals of the Counts of Toulouse.

Spectacular roof, Castello di Sammezzano in Reggello, Tuscany, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Spectacular ceiling

Castello DI Sammezzano

Reggello

Tuscany

Italy

Cesis Castle (German: Wenden), Cesis, Latvia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Cesis Castle [German: Wenden]

Cesis

Latvia.

 

Cesis Castle was the official residence of the Masters of the. Livonian Order

Spiral staircase, The royal Château de Chambord, Chambord, Loir-et-Cher, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Spiral staircase

The Royal Château de Chambord

Chambord, Loir-et-Cher, France

 

The building, which was never completed, was constructed by King Francis I of France. The royal Château de Chambord is one of the most recognizable châteaux in the world because of its distinctive French Renaissance architecture which blends traditional French medieval forms with classical Renaissance structures.

 

Chambord was built to serve as a hunting lodge for Francis I, who maintained royal residences at the châteaux of Blois and Amboise.

Château de Chenonceau

Chenonceau, Indre-et-Loire, France

 

The estate of Chenonceau is first mentioned in writing in the 11th century. The current château was built in 1514–1522 on the foundations of an old mill and was later extended to span the river.

 

The bridge over the river was built (1556-1559) to designs by the French Renaissance architect Philibert de l'Orme, and the gallery on the bridge (1570–1576) to designs by Jean Bullant

 

The château has been classified as a Monument historique since 1840 by the French Ministry of Culture. It is one of the most famous Loire Valley châteaux.

Château de Chenonceau, Chenonceaux, Indre-et-Loire, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Chenonceau

Chenonceau, Indre-et-Loire, France

 

The estate of Chenonceau is first mentioned in writing in the 11th century. The current château was built in 1514–1522 on the foundations of an old mill and was later extended to span the river.

 

The bridge over the river was built (1556-1559) to designs by the French Renaissance architect Philibert de l'Orme, and the gallery on the bridge (1570–1576) to designs by Jean Bullant

 

The château has been classified as a Monument historique since 1840 by the French Ministry of Culture. It is one of the most famous Loire Valley châteaux.

Castel dell'Ovo ["Egg castle"], Via Eldorado, 3, 80132 Napoli, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castel dell'Ovo ["Egg castle"], Via Eldorado, 3 80132 Naples, Italy

 

Castel dell'Ovo is located on the former island of Megaride, now a peninsula, in the gulf of Naples.

Château du Fayel, Fayel , Oise, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château du Fayel

Fayel

Oise

France

Trinity Chapel, Palace of Fontainebleau, 55 kilometres from the centre of Paris, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Trinity Chapel

Palace of Fontainebleau

(55 kilometres from the centre of Paris)

France

 

Fontainebleau is one of the largest French royal châteaux.

Schloss Nordkirchen (Nordkirchen castle), Coesfeld district, North Rhine Westphalia, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Nordkirchen (Nordkirchen Castle)

Coesfeld district

North Rhine Westphalia

Germany

 

Schloss Nordkirchen was originally one of the residences of the Prince-Bishops of Münster.

Schloss Quedlinburg, Quedlinburg, north of the Harz mountains, Harz disrtrict, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Quedlinburg (Quedlinburg Castle)

Quedlinburg

( north of the Harz mountains)

Harz disrtrict

Saxony-Anhalt

Germany

Château de Vincennes, Avenue de Paris, 94300 Vincennes, Val-de-Marne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Vincennes

Avenue de Paris

94300 Vincennes, Val-de-Marne

France

 

The Château de Vincennes is a massive 14th and 17th century French royal castle now a suburb of the metropolis.

 

This donjon, 52 meters high, was the tallest medieval fortified structure of Europe.

Castle of Gruyères, Gruyères, Fribourg, Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Greyerz / Château de Gruyères), Rue du Château 8, 1663 Gruyères, Fribourg, Switzerland

 

The Castle is one of the most famous in Switzerland.

Gardens, Palace of Versailles, Place d'Armes, 78000 Versailles, Île-de-France, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Gardens

Palace of Versailles

Place d'Armes

78000 Versailles

Île-de-France

France

The Citadel of Rostov, Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Citadel of Rostov

Yaroslavl Oblast

Russia

Mamure kalesi (Mamure Castle), Anamur District of Mersin Province, Turkey - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Mamure kalesi (Mamure Castle)

Anamur District

Mersin Province

Turkey

Château de Tanlay, Tanlay, Yonne, Burgundy, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Tanlay

Tanlay

Yonne

Burgundy

France

Burg Normannstein, 99830 Treffurt, Wartburgkreis district, Thuringia, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burg Normannstein

99830 Treffurt

Wartburgkreis district

Thuringia

Germany

Mirsky Castle Complex, Mir, Karelichy District of the Hrodna voblast, Belarus - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Mirsky Castle Complex

Mir

Karelichy District

Hrodna voblast

Belarus

 

The Mirsky Castle Complex is a UNESCO World Heritage site

It is one of several castles often referred to as Radziwill Castle

The Château de Trécesson, near the Paimpont forest, Campénéac, Morbihan, Brittany, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château de Trécesson

near the Paimpont forest

Campénéac

Morbihan

Brittany

France

Schloss Stolzenfels (Stolzenfels Castle), Schlossweg, 56075 Koblenz, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Stolzenfels (Stolzenfels Castle)

Schlossweg

56075 Koblenz

Germany

Borgholms slott (Borgholm Castle), Borgholm, Sweden - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Borgholms slott (Borgholm Castle)

Borgholm

Sweden

 

Borgholm Castle is the ruin of a fortress first built in the second half of the 12th century and rebuilt many times in later centuries.

Château de Chenonceau, Chenonceaux, Indre-et-Loire, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Chenonceau

Chenonceau, Indre-et-Loire, France

 

The estate of Chenonceau is first mentioned in writing in the 11th century. The current château was built in 1514–1522 on the foundations of an old mill and was later extended to span the river.

 

The bridge over the river was built (1556-1559) to designs by the French Renaissance architect Philibert de l'Orme, and the gallery on the bridge (1570–1576) to designs by Jean Bullant

 

The château has been classified as a Monument historique since 1840 by the French Ministry of Culture. It is one of the most famous Loire Valley châteaux.

Castelul Bran (Bran Castle), Str. General Traian Mosoiu 24, Bran 507025, (near Brasov) Romania - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Castelul Bran (Bran Castle)

Str. General Traian Mosoiu 24

Bran 507025, (near Brasov)

Romania

 

Bran Castle is also popularly known as Dracula's Castle

Kasteel Ammersoyen (Ammerzoden Castle), Maasdriel, Gelderland, Netherlands - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Kasteel Ammersoyen (Ammerzoden Castle)

Maasdriel

Gelderland

Netherlands

Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte, Maincy, near Melun, Seine-et-Marne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte

Maincy

near Melun

Seine-et-Marne

France

The Château de Biron, Biron, Dordogne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château de Biron, Biron, Dordogne, France

 

The Château de Biron is a large castle in the valley of the Lède. This photograph shows just one small tower.

 

It was the castle from which the Gontaut-Biron took their name. It was their seat from the twelfth century. Biron was seized by Simon IV de Montfort in 1212 from forces sypathetic to the Cathars.

 

The Plantagenets held it at times during the 14th and 15th centuries. Biron was erected as a duché-pairie in 1598, for Charles de Gontaut, created duc de Biron.

 

The present château bears additions over the centuries: notably a twelfth-century keep and sixteenth-century living quarters and vaulted kitchens.

 

Since 1928, it has been listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture. The local commune purchased the Château de Biron in 1978, with a view to restoring it as a tourist attraction.

Hrad Ceský Šternberk (Ceský Šternberk Castle), Ceský Šternberk, Central Bohemian Region, Czech Republic - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Hrad Ceský Šternberk (Ceský Šternberk Castle)

Ceský Šternberk

Central Bohemian Region

Czech Republic

Niederfalkenstein (Falkenstein Castle), Pfaffenberg 19, 9821 Obervellach, Carinthia, Austria. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Niederfalkenstein (Falkenstein Castle)

Pfaffenberg 19

9821 Obervellach

Carinthia

Austria

Mudgal Fort, Lingsugur taluk, Raichur district, Karnataka, India - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Mudgal Fort

Lingsugur taluk

Raichur district

Karnataka

India

Château de La Motte-Tilly, 10400 La Motte-Tilly, Aube, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de La Motte-Tilly

10400 La Motte-Tilly

Aube

France

 

 

Schloss Braunfels (Braunfels caste), Lahn-Dill-Kreis, Gießen, Hesse, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Braunfels (Braunfels caste)

Lahn-Dill-Kreis

Gießen, Hesse

Germany

Ribat Castle, Sousse, Sousse, Tunisia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ribat Castle

Sousse

Sousse

Tunisia

Kasteel de Borrekens (Borrkens Castle, known also as Vorselaar Castle), Vorselaar, Antwerp, Belgium - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Kasteel de Borrekens

(Borrkens Castle, known also as Vorselaar Castle)

Vorselaar

Antwerp

Belgium

Castello di Padernello (Padernello Castle) Padernello, (near San Giacomo), Brescia, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castello DI Padernello (Padernello Castle)

Padernello

(near San Giacomo)

Brescia

Italy

Castello di Padernello (Padernello Castle) Padernello, (near San Giacomo), Brescia, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castello DI Padernello (Padernello Castle)

Padernello

(near San Giacomo)

Brescia

Italy

Corvin Castle, also known as Corvins' Castle, Hunyad Castle or Hunedoara Castle; Castelul Huniazilor or Castelul Corvinilor (Romanian), Vajdahunyad vára (Hungarian), Hunedoara, Transylvania, Romania. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Corvin Castle, also known as Corvins' Castle, Hunyad Castle or Hunedoara Castle

[Castelul Huniazilor or Castelul Corvinilor (Romanian)] [Vajdahunyad vára (Hungarian)]

Hunedoara

Transylvania

Romania

 

Bozcaada Castle, formerly known as Tenedos, Bozcaada, Bozcaada district, Çanakkale province, Turkey - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bozcaada Castle

formerly known as Tenedos

Bozcaada

Bozcaada district

Çanakkale province

Turkey

 

Bozcaada Castle is one of the best preserved castles of Turkey

Schloss Lichtenstein (Lichtenstein Castle), near Honau, Swabian Alb, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Lichtenstein (Lichtenstein Castle)

near Honau

Swabian Alb

Baden-Württemberg

Germany

Schloss Burghausen (Burghausen Castle), Altötting district, Oberbayern, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Burghausen (Burghausen Castle)

Altötting district

Oberbayern

Germany

 

Burghausen Castle is situated on the Salzach river, near the border with Austria and is said to be the longest castle in Europe

Schloss Schönbühel (Schoenbuhel Castle), Schönbühel-Aggsbach, below Melk on the right bank of the Danube, Austria. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Schönbühel (Schoenbuhel Castle)

Schönbühel-Aggsbach

below Melk on the right bank of the Danube

Austria

Castelo de São Jorge (Castle of São Jorge [Saint George]) Lisbon, Portugal - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castelo de São Jorge (Castle of São Jorge [Saint George]) Lisbon

Portugal

 

Castle of Saint George is a Moorish castle occupying a commanding hilltop overlooking the historic centre Lisbon.

Haut Koenigbourg castle [French Château du Haut-Kœnigsbourg; German Hohkönigsburg), Orschwiller, Alsace, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Haut Koenigbourg castle

[French Château du Haut-Kœnigsbourg]

[German Hohkönigsburg]

Orschwiller

Alsace

France

Boyabat castle,Boyabat, Boyabat district, Sinop Province, Black Sea region, Turkey. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Boyabat castle

Boyabat

Boyabat district

Sinop Province

Black Sea region

Turkey

Bobolice Castle, Bobolice, Koszalin County, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bobolice Castle

Bobolice

Myszków County

Silesian Voivodeship

Poland

 

Bobolice Castle is a royal castle built in the middle of the 14th century in the Polish Jura

Trencín Castle, [Trenciansky hrad (Slovak) trencséni vá, (Hungarian)], Trencín, western Slovakia. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Trencín Castle

[Trenciansky hrad (Slovak) trencséni vá, (Hungarian)]

Trencín

western Slovakia

Hrad Karlštejn (Karlštejn Castle), Karlštejn 172, 267 18 Karlštejn, Central Bohemia, Czech Republic - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Hrad Karlštejn (Karlštejn Castle)

Karlštejn 172, 267 18 Karlštejn

Central Bohemia

Czech Republic

Château de Suscinio or Château de Susinio, Route du Duc Jean V, 56370 Sarzeau, Morbihan, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Suscinio (or de Susinio)

Sarzeau, Morbihan, Brittany, France

 

Built in the late Middle Ages as the residence of the Dukes of Brittany.

 

The Château de Suscinio dates from the beginning of the 13th century. It was enlarged at the end of 14th century, when the heirs of the duchy were fighting to keep their possessions (Brittany was not annexed by France until 1514).

 

From 1471 to 1483, the castle was home to Jasper Tudor, Henry Tudor (later King Henry VII of England), and the core of their group of exiled Lancastrians, numbering about 500 by 1483. Duke Francis II supported this group of exiles against Plantagenet demands for their surrender.

Solidor Tower, 35400 St-Malo, Brittany, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Solidor Tower

35400 St-Malo

Brittany

France

 

Solidor Tower is.located in the estuary of the river Rance in

the former city of Saint-Servan, which merged with Saint-Malo in 1967

Peacock Room, Castello di Sammezzano in Reggello, Tuscany, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Peacock Room

Castello DI Sammezzano

Reggello

Tuscany

Italy

Fort-la-Latte or Castle of La Latte, in the commune of Fréhel, Côtes-d'Armor, Brittany, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Fort-la-Latte (Castle of La Latte)

Fréhel, Côtes-d'Armor, Brittany, France

 

Fort-la-Latte is located about 4 km southeast of Cap Fréhel and about 35 km west of Saint-Malo. The castle was built on the Baie de la Fresnaye in the 13th century.

 

Various films have been shot at this site, including The Vikings (1958). The main tower was used in a scene in Ridley Scott's documentary film Life in a Day (2011).

 

The castle has been classified as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1925. It is a famous tourist attraction on the Cote d'Émeraude.

Château Frontenac, 1 Rue des Carrières, Québec, QC G1R 4P5, Canada - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château Frontenac

1 Rue Des Carrières

Québec

QC G1R 4P5

Canada

 

Château Frontenac is a grand hotel operated as Fairmont Le Château Frontenac. It was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1980.

Burg Satzvey (Satzvey castle) An der Burg 3, 53894 Mechernich, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

 

Burg Satzvey (Satzvey Castle)

An der Burg 3,

53894 Mechernich

Nordrhein-Westfalen

Germany

Medieval walled cité of Provins, Provins, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Medieval walled cité of Provins

Provins

Seine-et-Marne

Île-de-France

France.

 

Provins, a town of medieval fairs, became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001

Castello Mafredonico (Chiaramonte Castle), Mussomeli, province of Caltanissetta, Sicily, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castello Mafredonico (Chiaramonte Castle)

Mussomeli

province of Caltanissetta

Sicily

Italy

Château de Beynac, Beynac-et-Cazenac, Dordogne, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Beynac

Beynac-et-Cazenac

Dordogne

France.

Olavinlinna (St. Olaf's Castle), Savonlinna, Finland. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Olavinlinna (St. Olaf's Castle)

Savonlinna

Finland.

 

Olavinlinna is said to be the northernmost medieval stone fortress in Europe still standing

Schloss Oberhofen (Oberhofen Castle), Oberhofen, Canton of Bern, Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Schloss Oberhofen (Oberhofen Castle)

Oberhofen

Canton of Bern

Switzerland

Schloss Oberhofen (Oberhofen Castle), Oberhofen, Canton of Bern, Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Oberhofen (Oberhofen Castle)

Oberhofen

Canton of Bern

Switzerland

Culzean Castle, Maybole KA19 8LE, Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Culzean Castle

Maybole KA19 8LE

Carrick

Ayrshire

Scotland

 

Culzean Castle is the former home of the Marquess of Ailsa, the chief of Clan Kennedy, but is now owned by the National Trust for Scotland.

The Punakha Dzong or Pungtang Dechen Photrang Dzong [the palace of bliss], Punakha, Bhutan. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Punakha Dzong or Pungtang Dechen Photrang Dzong

[the palace of bliss]

Punakha

Bhutan

Burg Stein (Stein Castle), Stein 1, 08118 Hartenstein, Hartenstein, Saxony, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burg Stein (Stein Castle)

Stein 1, 08118 Hartenstein

Hartenstein

Saxony

Germany

Schloss Sigmaringen (Sigmaringen Castle), Swabian Alb region, Baden-Württemberg, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Sigmaringen (Sigmaringen Castle)

Swabian Alb region

Baden-Württemberg

Germany

 

Sigmaringen Castle was the seat of government for the Princes of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.

The Château de Farcheville, in the commune of Bouville, Essonne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Farcheville

commune of Bouville

Essonne

France

Castello di Sammezzano in Reggello, Tuscany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ceiling

Castello DI Sammezzano

Reggello

Tuscany

Italy

Reinhardstein Castle (Château de Reinhardstein(French), Burg Reinhardstein (German), in the village of Ovifat, Waimes (Weismes), in the province of Liège, Belgium - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Reinhardstein Castle

[Château de Reinhardstein (French)]

[Burg Reinhardstein (German)]

Ovifat

Waimes (Weismes)

province of Liège

Belgium

Castle of Vêves (Le château de Vêves) outside the village of Celles, province of Namur, Belgium. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Le château de Vêves (Vêves Castle)

outside the village of Celles

province of Namur

Belgium.

 

The Castle of Vêves is classified as Major Heritage of Wallonia.

Schloss Bürresheim, (Bürresheim Castle), 56727 Mayen, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Bürresheim, (Bürresheim Castle)

56727 Mayen

Rhineland-Palatinate

Germany

Schloss Bürresheim, (Bürresheim Castle), 56727 Mayen, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Bürresheim, (Bürresheim Castle)

56727 Mayen

Rhineland-Palatinate

Germany

Château de Castelnau-Bretenoux, commune of Prudhomat, Lot département, Quercy, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Castelnau-Bretenoux

Prudhomat, Lot, Quercy, France

 

Construction began about 1100, under Hugues, baron of Castelnau, who built a wall around his manor. He was the ancestor of the powerful dynasty of Castelnau, who owned a rich and prosperous region and were vassals of the Counts of Toulouse.

Burg Gutenberg (Gutenberg Castle), Balzers, Liechtenstein - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burg Gutenberg (Gutenberg Castle)

Balzers

Liechtenstein

Gyeongbokgung, Gyeongbokgung Palace or Gyeongbok Palace, Jongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Gyeongbokgung

(Gyeongbokgung Palace or Gyeongbok Palace)

Jongno-gu

Seoul

South Korea

 

 

Gyeongbokgung was a royal palace

Castle De Haar, near Haarzuilens, province of Utrecht, Netherlands. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castle De Haar

near Haarzuilens

province of Utrecht

Netherlands.

Wasserschloß Glatt, Schloß 1, 72172 Sulz am Neckar, Rottweil, Baden-Württemberg, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Wasserschloß Glatt

Schloß 1, 72172 Sulz am Neckar

Rottweil

Baden-Württemberg

Germany

 

Burg Kreuzenstein (Kreuzenstein castle), 2100 Leobendorf bei Korneuburg, near Leobendorf, Austria. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burg Kreuzenstein (Kreuzenstein castle)

2100 Leobendorf bei Korneuburg

near Leobendorf

Austria

Burg Kreuzenstein (Kreuzenstein castle), 2100 Leobendorf bei Korneuburg, near Leobendorf, Austria. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burg Kreuzenstein (Kreuzenstein castle)

2100 Leobendorf bei Korneuburg

near Leobendorf

Austria

Burg Pfalzgrafenstein (Pfalzgrafenstein Castle), Falkenau island, in the Rhine river, near Kaub, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burg Pfalzgrafenstein (Pfalzgrafenstein Castle)

Falkenau island, in the Rhine river

near Kaub

Germany

 

Pfalzgrafenstein is a toll castle on the Falkenau island, otherwise known as Pfalz Island.

Schloss Braunfels (Braunfels castle) Belzgasse 1, 35619 Braunfels, Lahn-Dill-Kreis, Hesse, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Braunfels (Braunfels castle)

Belzgasse 1, 35619 Braunfels

Lahn-Dill-Kreis

Hesse

Germany

Castello di Gradara (Gradara Castle), Gradara, Marche, Italy. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castello DI Gradara (Gradara Castle)

Gradara

Marche

Italy

Roof, Château de Ménessaire, Ménessaire, Côte-d'Or department, Bourgogne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Roof

Château de Ménessaire

Ménessaire

Côte-d'Or department

Bourgogne

France

 

The Château de Ménessaire was inscrit as a Monument historique in 1973

 

 

Roof, Château de Ménessaire, Ménessaire, Côte-d'Or department, Bourgogne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Ménessaire

Ménessaire

Côte-d'Or department

Bourgogne

France

 

The Château de Ménessaire was inscrit as a Monument historique in 1973

Qalat_al-Bahr (Sidon Sea Castle), Sidon Old Citadel, Lebanon - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Qalat_al-Bahr (Sidon Sea Castle)

Sidon Old Citadel

Lebanon

Mont Saint-Michel, 50170 Le Mont-Saint-Michel, is an island commune in Normandy, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Mont Saint-Michel

50170 Le Mont-Saint-Michel

Normandy

France.

 

Mont Saint-Michel is an island commune approximately one kilometre off France's northwestern coast, at the mouth of the Couesnon River near Avranches.

Kitchen roofs of the abbaye de Fontevraud (Fontevraud Abbey or Fontevrault Abbey), Fontevraud-l'Abbaye, near Chinon, in Anjou, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Kitchen roofs of the abbaye de Fontevraud

(Fontevraud Abbey or Fontevrault Abbey),

Fontevraud-l'Abbaye

near Chinon

Anjou

France.

Coca Castle, Coca, Segovia, Castile-Leon, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Coca Castle

Coca

Segovia

Castile-Leon

Spain

Krak des Chevaliers (or Crac des Chevaliers), Syria - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Krak des Chevaliers (or Crac Des Chevaliers)

CRUSADER CASTLE

Syria

 

Krak des Chevaliers is one of the most important preserved medieval castles in the world. The site was settled in the 11th century by Kurds; as a result it was known as Hisn al Akrad, meaning the "Castle of the Kurds". In 1142 it was given by Raymond II, Count of Tripoli, to the Knights Hospitaller. It remained in their possession until it fell in 1271. It was known as Crac de l'Ospital (the name Krak des Chevaliers was coined only in the 19th century.)

Aughnanure Castle, County Galway, Ireland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Aughnanure Castle, County Galway, Ireland


The castle was built in the 16th century by the O'Flahertys, one of Connacht's most notable lord families.

 

Aughnanure is one of over 200 tower houses in County Galway, constructed mainly by Gaelic and Anglo-Norman land owning families. The tower lies close to the shores of Lough Corrib


The castle was controlled by the O'Flaherty chieftains until 1572, when it was captured by Sir Edward Fitton, President of Connaught, and granted to a junior member of the clan who had been enticed over to the Crown. It was used to blockade Galway during the Cromwellian invasion. Soon after, it was granted to the Earl of Clanrickard, then reclaimed by the O'Flahertys. It fell into the hands of Lord St George on the foreclosure of a mortgage. It is now managed by Dúchas, the Irish State body responsible for national monuments and historic properties.

Dunguaire Castle, County Galway, Ireland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Dunguaire Castle, County Galway, Ireland

 

Dunguaire Castle is a 16th-century tower house on the southeastern shore of Galway Bay, near Kinvarra.

 

The name derives from the Dun of King Guaire, the legendary king of Connacht.

 

The castle's 75-foot tower and its defensive wall have been restored, and the grounds are open to tourists during the summer.

Dunster Castle, Dunster, Somerset, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Dunster Castle, Dunster, Somerset, England

 

Dunster Castle is a former motte and bailey castle, now a country house. The castle lies on the top of a steep hill called the Tor, and has been fortified since the late Anglo-Saxon period. After the Norman conquest William de Mohun constructed a timber castle on the site as part of the pacification of Somerset. A stone shell keep was built on the motte by the start of the 12th century. At the end of the 14th century the de Mohuns sold the castle to the Luttrell family, who continued to occupy the property until the late 20th century.

 

In the 1860s and 1870s, the architect Anthony Salvin was employed to remodel the castle to fit Victorian tastes; this work extensively changed the appearance of Dunster to make it appear more Gothic and Picturesque.

 

Following the death of Alexander Luttrell in 1944, the castle and surrounding lands were sold off to a property firm. The Luttrells bought back the castle in 1954, but in 1976 Colonel Walter Luttrell gave Dunster Castle and most of its contents to the National Trust, which operates it as a tourist attraction. It is a Grade I listed building and scheduled monument.

Chor Minor, Khodja Nurobobod St, Bukhara, Uzbekistan - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Chor Minor, Khodja Nurobobod St, Bukhara, Uzbekistan

Saladin Citadel, Cairo, Egypt. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Saladin Citadel, Cairo, Egypt.

 

The Saladin Citadel is a medieval Islamic fortification, on Mokattam hill near the center of Cairo.

The Palacio Real (Royal Palace), Calle Bailén, s/n, 28071 Madrid, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Palacio Real (Royal Palace)
Calle Bailén, s/n, 28071 Madrid, Spain

 

The Palacio Real de Madrid is the official residence of the Spanish Royal Family in Madrid, but is only used for state ceremonies.

 

A foreign ambassador arrives at the Royal Palace to deliver his diplomatic credentials to the King

Fortress of Guaita, San Marino - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Fortress of Guaita, San Marino

 

Guaita is one of three peaks which overlooks the city of San Marino, the capital of San Marino.

 

The Guaita fortress is the oldest of the three towers constructed on Monte Titano. It was built in the 11th century.

Beijing Beihai Park, Wenjin St, Xicheng, Beijing, China - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Beijing Beihai Park, Wenjin St, Xicheng, Beijing, China

 

Beihai Park was an imperial garden and is now a public park located to the Northwest of the Forbidden City.

Istana Anak-anak, (Castle of Indonesian Children), Indonesia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Istana Anak-anak, (Castle of Indonesian Children), Indonesia

 

 

 

Indonesian stamp

 

 

Fortress of Guaita, San Marino - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Fortress of Guaita, San Marino

 

Guaita is one of three peaks which overlooks the city of San Marino, the capital of San Marino.

 

The Guaita fortress is the oldest of the three towers constructed on Monte Titano. It was built in the 11th century

Chateau-sur-Mer, 424 Bellevue Ave., Newport, Rhode Island, USA - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

château-sur-Mer, 424 Bellevue Ave., Newport, Rhode Island, USA

 

château-sur-Mer is the first of the grand Bellevue Avenue mansions of the Gilded Age mansions in Newport. . It is now open to the public as a museum.

Tizourgane, Chtouka-Aït Baha, Souss-Massa-Draâ, Marocco. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Tizourgane, Chtouka-Aït Baha, Souss-Massa-Draâ, Marocco.

 

Tizourgane is in the Antiatlas mountains

Derawar Fort, Cholistan Desert, Pakistan - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Derawar Fort, Cholistan Desert, Pakistan

 

Derawar Fort is a large square fortress near Bahawalpur.

 

The forty bastions of Derawar are visible for many miles around in Cholistan Desert. The walls have a circumference of 1500 metres and stand up to thirty metres high.

 

The first fort on the site was built by Hindu Rajput, Rai Jajja Bhati of Jaisalmer. It remained in the hands of the royal family of Jaisalmer until captured by the Nawabs of Bahawalpur in 1733. In 1747, the fort was lost but, Nawab Mubarak Khan took the stronghold back in 1804.

Rohtas Fort, Punjab, Pakistan - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Rohtas Fort, Punjab, Pakistan

 

Rohtas Fort is a historical garrison fort located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab.

 

It was built by the Afghan king Sher Shah Suri in 16th century to subdue the rebellious tribes of the northern Punjab region, .

 

This fort is about 4 km in circumference and is UNESCO World Heritage Site

Fortress of Guaita, San Marino - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Fortress of Guaita, San Marino

 

Guaita is one of three peaks which overlooks the city of San Marino, the capital of San Marino.

 

The Guaita fortress is the oldest of the three towers constructed on Monte Titano. It was built in the 11th century

Oravský Hrad, 027 41 Oravský Podzámok, Slovakia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Oravský Hrad, located above the Orava river in the village of Oravský Podzámok, Slovakia.

 

In Eglish it is called Orava Castle, in German Arwaburg and in Hungarian: Árva vára)

 

Orava Castle stands on the site of an old wooden fortification, built after the Mongol invasion of Hungary of 1241.The later design was in Romanesque and Gothic style. Later still it was reconstructed as a Renaissance and Neo-Gothic structure,.

 

Many scenes of the 1922 film Nosferatu were filmed here. After a period of dilapidation the castle became a national monument after World War II,.

Predjama Castle, Predjama, Inner Carniola, Slovenia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Predjama Castle, Predjama, Inner Carniola, Slovenia

 

It is a Renaissance castle built within a cave mouth

Predjama Castle, Predjama, Inner Carniola, Slovenia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Predjama Castle, Predjama, Inner Carniola, Slovenia

 

It is a Renaissance castle built within a cave mouth

Trakoscan, Varaždin County, Croatia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Trakoscan, Varaždin County, Croatia

 

Trakošcan dates back to the 13th century.
It is one of the best preserved historic buildings in Croatia.

Nehaj Fortress, Senj, Croatia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Nehaj Fortress, Senj, Croatia

 

The Nehaj Fortress is located on a hill called Nehaj.

Thirumayam, Tamil Nadu, India - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Thirumayam, Tamil Nadu, India

 

Thirumayam is located about 20 km south of the town of Pudukkottai.

Swallow's Nest, Crimean peninsula, southern Ukraine - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Swallow's Nest, Crimean peninsula, southern Ukraine

 

The Swallow's Nest is a decorative castle located between Yalta and Alupka.

 

It was built between 1911 and 1912 in Gaspra, on top of the Aurora Cliff, to a Neo-Gothic design by the Russian architect Leonid Sherwood.

 

The castle overlooks the Cape of Ai-Todor on the Black Sea coast and is located near the remains of the Roman castrum of Charax.

 

The Swallow's Nest is one of the most popular visitor attractions in the Crimea, and has become a well known symbol of the Crimea's southern coastline.

Vaduz Castle (German Schloß Vaduz), Vaduz, Liechtenstein - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Vaduz Castle (German Schloß Vaduz), Vaduz, Liechtenstein

 

Vaduz Castle is the palace and official residence of the Prince of Liechtenstein.

 

The castle gave its name to the town of Vaduz, the capital of Liechtenstein, which it overlooks from an adjacent hilltop.

Vaduz Castle (German Schloß Vaduz), Vaduz, Liechtenstein - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Vaduz Castle (German Schloß Vaduz), Vaduz, Liechtenstein

 

Vaduz Castle is the palace and official residence of the Prince of Liechtenstein.

 

This is the rear view.

East Gate, Ancient City of Fenghuang, China - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

East Gate, Ancient City of Fenghuang, China

Neemrana Fort-Palace, Delhi-Jaipur Highway, Neemrana, District Alwar, Rajasthan 301705, India - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Neemrana Fort-Palace, Delhi-Jaipur Highway, Neemrana, District Alwar, Rajasthan 301705, India

 

It is a 16th century hill-fort occupied by Chauhans untill 1947.

 

It is now an hotel.

 

The Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet

 

The Potala Palace was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to India during the 1959 Tibetan uprising.

 

It is now a museum and UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Swallow's Nest, Crimean peninsula, southern Ukraine - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Swallow's Nest, Crimean peninsula, southern Ukraine

 

The Swallow's Nest is a decorative castle located between Yalta and Alupka.

 

It was built between 1911 and 1912 in Gaspra, on top of the Aurora Cliff, to a Neo-Gothic design by the Russian architect Leonid Sherwood.

 

The castle overlooks the Cape of Ai-Todor on the Black Sea coast and is located near the remains of the Roman castrum of Charax.

 

The Swallow's Nest is one of the most popular visitor attractions in the Crimea, and has become a well known symbol of the Crimea's southern coastline.

Spišský Castle, Spiš, Slovakia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Spišský Castle, Spiš, Slovakia

 

The ruins of Spiš Castle form one of the largest castle sites in Central Europe.

 

It was included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1993

Schloss Hohenzollern, 72379 Burg Hohenzollern, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Hohenzollern (Hohenzollern Castle)

72379 Burg Hohenzollern, Germany

 

Hohenzollern Castle is the ancestral seat of the Hohenzollern family, who became German Emperors

 

A castle was first constructed here in the early 11th century. The present castle was constructed for King Frederick William IV of Prussia between 1846 and 1867. The design was based on English Gothic Revival architecture and the Châteaux of the Loire Valley.

 

In 1945 it became home to the former Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany, son of the last Hohenzollern monarch, Kaiser Wilhelm II, who is buried there with his wife, Crown Princess Cecilie

Castle Rising, Castle Rising, Norfolk, England. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castle Rising, Castle Rising, Norfolk, England.

 

Castle Rising is a ruined medieval fortification built soon after 1138 by William d'Aubigny II, who had risen through the ranks of the Anglo-Norman nobility to become the Earl of Arundel.

 

It was inherited by William's descendants before passing into the hands of the de Montalt family in 1243. The Montalts later sold the castle to Queen Isabella, who lived there after her fall from power in 1330. Isabella extended the castle buildings and enjoyed a regal lifestyle, entertaining her son, Edward III on several occasions. After her death, it was granted to Edward, the Black Prince, to form part of the Duchy of Cornwall. It was later aqcired by the Howard family.

 

English Heritage took over control of the castle in 1983 and continued to operate it as a tourist attraction. The castle is protected by UK law as an ancient monument and a grade I listed building. It remains in the custody of English Heritage, but since 1998 has been managed by its owner, Baron Howard of Rising.

Château de Peyrelade in Rivière-sur-Tarn, Aveyron, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Peyrelade in Rivière-sur-Tarn, Aveyron, France

 

 

A castle existed here at least as far back as the 12th century. It was the scene of incessant battles and sieges until 1633 when it was dismantled on the orders of Cardinal Richelieu. Thanks to its position controlling the entrance to the Gorges du Tarn, it was one of the most important castles in the Rouergue province

 

The name is derived from the occitan "Pèira Lada", meaning wide rock

 

Objects found on the site suggest it was inhabited in prehistoric times.

 

 

 

The Great Room, Althorp, Northamptonshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Great Room, Althorp, Northamptonshire, England

 

Althorp is a country estate of about 14,000 acres (60 square km) and a Grade I listed stately home in. It is about 5 miles (8.0 km) north-west of the county town of Northampton.

 

It is the official residence of The Earl and Countess Spencer. It was the home of Diana, Princess of Wales before her marriage to Charles, Prince of Wales.

Schloss Augustusburg, Parkplatz, Max-Ernst-Allee, 50321 Brühl, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Augustusburg, Parkplatz, Max-Ernst-Allee, 50321 Brühl, Germany

 

The Augustusburg and Falkenlust palaces constitute an historical building complex in Brühl, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, which have been listed as a UNESCO cultural World Heritage Site since 1984.

 

The palaces were built at the beginning of the 18th century by the Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, Clemens August of Bavaria of the Wittelsbach family.

Castillo de Medinaceli, Soria, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castillo de Medinaceli, Soria, Spain

 

The optimal number of windows for a defensive building.

Schloss Greyerz / Château de Gruyères), Rue du Château 8, 1663 Gruyères, Fribourg, Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Greyerz / Château de Gruyères), Rue du Château 8, 1663 Gruyères, Fribourg, Switzerland

 

The Castle is one of the most famous in Switzerland.

Citadel of Salah Ed-Din Syria. Saône or Saladin Castle, Al-Haffah, Latakia Governorate, Syri - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Citadel of Salah Ed-Din Syria. Saône or Saladin Castle, Al-Haffah, Latakia Governorate, Syria

 

the site has been fortified since at least the mid 10th century. In 975 the Byzantine Emperor John I Tzimiskes captured the site and it remained under Byzantine control until around 1108.

 

Early in the 12th century crusaders assumed control of the site and it became part of the newly formed Principality of Antioch. The Crusaders undertook an extensive building programme, giving the castle much of its current appearance.

 

In 1188 it fell to the forces of Saladin after a three-day siege.

 

In 2006, the castles of Qal'at Salah El-Din and Krak Des Chevaliers were together recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Schloss Bottmingen, Schlossgasse, 4103 Bottmingen, Basel-Land Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Bottmingen, Schlossgasse, 4103 Bottmingen, Basel-Land Switzerland

 

It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance

 

 

Vianden Castle, Montée du Château, 9422 Vianden, Luxembourg - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Vianden Castle, Vianden, Luxembourg

 

Vianden Castle (French: Château de Vianden, German: Burg Vianden Luxembourgish: Buerg Veianen), is located in Vianden, in the north of Luxembourg.

 

Vianden is one of the largest fortified castles west of the Rhine. Its origins date to the 10th century. The castle was built in the Romanesque style between the 11th and 14th centuries. Gothic aspects were added at the end of this period.

 

A Renaissance mansion was added in the 17th century. After the seventeenth century the castle was allowed to fall into ruin, and has recently been restored.

 

It is now open to visitors.

Bojnice castle, Bojnice, Slovakia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bojnice castle, Bojnice, Slovakia

 

Bojnice Castle, dating from the 12th century, is today a Romantic castle with Gothic and Renaissance elements

 

Bojnice Castle is one of the most visited castles in Slovakia..

Château de Gaillo, Gaillon, Haute-Normandie, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Gaillo, Gaillon, Haute-Normandie, France.

 

The Château de Gaillon is a renaissance castle, begun in 1502 on ancient foundations.

Château de Virieu, 38730 Virieu, Isère, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Virieu, 38730 Virieu, Isère, France

 

Le château de Virieu was built in stone around 1010,

 

It is classified as a French monument historique in 1990.

Château de Sercy, Sercy, Saône-et-Loire, Bourgogne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Sercy, Sercy, Saône-et-Loire, Bourgogne, France

 

The Château de Sercy is a XII century castle modified in the XVI century.

 

It is classed as a French monument historique.

Schloss Moritzburg (Castle Moritzburg), Schloßallee, 01468 Moritzburg, Saxony, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Moritzburg (Castle Moritzburg), Schloßallee, 01468 Moritzburg, Saxony, Germany

 

Moritzburg Castle is a Baroque palace in Moritzburg, in the German state of Saxony, about 13 kilometres (8.1 MI) Northwest of Dresden.

 

The castle is named after Duke Moritz of Saxony, who had a hunting lodge built here between 1542 and 1546.

Schloss Altdöbern, Altdöbern, Brandebourg, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Altdöbern, Altdöbern, Brandebourg, Germany

Schloss Bottmingen, Schlossgasse, 4103 Bottmingen, Basel-Land, Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Bottmingen, Schlossgasse, 4103 Bottmingen, Basel-Land, Switzerland

 

It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance

Schloss Burgsteinfurt, Steinfurt, Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Burgsteinfurt, Steinfurt, Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Schloss Herrenchiemsee, Chiemsee, Bavaria, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Herrenchiemsee, Chiemsee, Bavaria, Germany

 

Herrenchiemsee is a complex of royal buildings on the Herreninsel, an island in the Chiemsee, Bavaria's largest lake, 60 km south east of Munich.

 

An Augustine Monastery Herrenchiemsee here was later converted into the Old Palace (Altes Schloss).

 

The Old Palace as later supplemented by the Herrenchiemsee Palace, also known as the New Palace (Neues Schloss), together the largest of King Ludwig II of Bavaria's palaces.

Chateau de Val, Les Fontilles, 15270 Lanobre, Cantal, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

château de Val, Les Fontilles, 15270 Lanobre, Cantal, France

 

The Château is located on the shore of the Lake Bort-les-Orgues

 

It is classé as a Monument historique

Helfstyn Castle, Lipník nad Becvou, Prerov, Olomouc, Czech Republic - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Helfstyn Castle, Lipník nad Becvou, Prerov, Olomouc, Czech Republic

 

The ruins of the castle are perched on a knoll above the narrowest part of the Moravian Gate and above the left bank of the river Becva.

 

The complex is 187 meters long and up to 152 meters wide. It is one of the largest castles in terms of area in the Czech Republic.

The Red Castle (Castell Coch), Cardiff, Wales - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Red Castle (Castell Coch), Cardiff, Wales

 

It is situated on a steep hillside high above the village of Tongwynlais, to the north of Cardiff in Wales, and is a Grade I listed building.

 

Castell Coch is a 19th-century Gothic Revival castle built on the remains of a genuine 13th-century fortification, cared for by Cadw, the Welsh Government's historic environment service.

 

Designed by William Burges, with working portcullis and drawbridge, and sumptuous interiors to rival those of Cardiff Castle, it has been described as "the most spectacular example of [Burgest's] translation from High Gothic into High Victorian."

The Boudoir of Empress Maria, Winter Palace, Palace Embankment, 32, St Petersburg, Russia, 190000. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Boudoir of Empress Maria, Winter Palace, Palace Embankment, 32, St Petersburg, Russia, 190000.

 

The Winter Palace was, from 1732 to 1917, the official residence of the Russian Tsars

 

Situated between the Palace Embankment and the Palace Square, adjacent to the site of Peter the Great's original Winter Palace, the present and fourth Winter Palace was built and altered almost continuously between the late 1730s and 1837, when it was severely damaged by fire and immediately rebuilt

 

Today, the restored palace forms part of the complex of buildings housing the Hermitage Museum.

The Drawing Room in Rococo II Style, with Cupids by Edward Petrovich Hau, Winter Palace, Palace Embankment, 32, St Petersburg, Russia, 190000. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Drawing Room in Rococo II Style, with Cupids by Edward Petrovich Hau, Winter Palace, Palace Embankment, 32, St Petersburg, Russia, 190000.

 

The Winter Palace was, from 1732 to 1917, the official residence of the Russian Tsars

 

Situated between the Palace Embankment and the Palace Square, adjacent to the site of Peter the Great's original Winter Palace, the present and fourth Winter Palace was built and altered almost continuously between the late 1730s and 1837, when it was severely damaged by fire and immediately rebuilt

 

Today, the restored palace forms part of the complex of buildings housing the Hermitage Museum.

Château de Fontainebleau, 77300 Fontainebleau, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Fontainebleau, 77300 Fontainebleau, France

 

 

The Château or Palace of Fontainebleau is one of the largest French royal châteaux is located 55 kilometres from the centre of Paris

 

The palace is the work of many French monarchs, building on an early 16th-century structure of Francis I.

Moszna Castle, Moszna, Poland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Moszna Castle, Moszna, Poland

 

The castle is one of the best known monuments in the western part of Upper Silesia.

Château de Chatillon, Châtillon-en-Bazois, Nièvre, Burgundy, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Chatillon, Châtillon-en-Bazois, Nièvre, Burgundy, France.

Hever Castle, Hever, Edenbridge, Kent TN8 7NG, England. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Hever Castle, Hever, Edenbridge, Kent TN8 7NG, England.

 

Hever Castle began as a country house, built in the 13th century. From 1462 to 1539 it was the seat of the Bullen (later Boleyn family.

 

Anne Boleyn, the second queen consort of King Henry VIII , spent her early youth there, after her father, Thomas Boleyn had inherited it in 1505.

 

It later came into the possession of King Henry's fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.

 

The castle is now a major tourist attraction.

Kasteel van Ooidonk (Ooidonck Castle), Ooidonkdreef 9, 9800 Deinze, Belgium - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Kasteel van Ooidonk (Ooidonck Castle), Ooidonkdreef 9, 9800 Deinze, Belgium

 

The castle is the residence of the Earl t'Kint de Roodenbeke.

 

A fortress was first built on the site of the present castle in 1230, intended to defend the city of Ghent and to fortify the river Leie.

Burg zu Burghausen, Burghausen Castle, Upper Bavaria, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burg zu Burghausen, Burghausen Castle, Upper Bavaria, Germany

 

Burghausen Castle is the longest castle complex in Europe. The gothic castle comprises the main castle with the inner courtyard and five outer courtyards.

Schwerin Castle, Lennéstraße 1, 19053, Schwerin, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schwerin Castle, Lennéstraße 1, 19053, Schwerin, Germany

 

Schwerin Castle is situated on an island in the city's main lake, the Schweriner See.

 

For centuries the palace was the home of the dukes and grand dukes of Mecklenburg and later Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

 

It currently serves as the seat of the Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Landtag (state parliament)

.

It is regarded as one of the most important works of romantic Historicism in Europe and designated to become a World Heritage Site.

 

Schloss Rastatt (Rastatt Palace), Herrenstraße 18-20, 76437 Rastatt, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Rastatt (Rastatt Palace), Herrenstraße 18-20, 76437 Rastatt, Germany

 

The palace and the garden were built between 1700 and 1707 by the Italian architect Domenico Egidio Rossi as ordered by Margrave Louis William of Baden.

The Palazzo Ducale di Mantova (Ducal palace, Mantua) Lombardy, northern Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Palazzo Ducale DI Mantova (Ducal palace, Mantua) Lombardy, northern Italy

 

The Ducal Palace is a group of buildings built between the 14th and the 17th century mainly by the noble family of Gonzaga as their residence in the capital of their Duchy.

 

The complex includes some 500 rooms and occupies an area of c. 34,000 m².

Schloss Rastatt (Rastatt Palace), Herrenstraße 18-20, 76437 Rastatt, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Rastatt (Rastatt Palace), Herrenstraße 18-20, 76437 Rastatt, Germany

 

The palace and the garden were built between 1700 and 1707 by the Italian architect Domenico Egidio Rossi as ordered by Margrave Louis William of Baden.

Above average sandcastle - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Above average sandcastle

Chateau de Val, Les Fontilles, 15270 Lanobre, Cantal, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

château de Val, Les Fontilles, 15270 Lanobre, Cantal, France

 

The Château is located on the shore of the Lake Bort-les-Orgues

 

It is classé as a Monument historique

Arg-é Bam (Bam Citadel), Bam, Kerman Province, southeastern Iran - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Arg-é Bam (Bam Citadel), Bam, Kerman Province, southeastern Iran

 

The Arg-e Bam was the largest adobe building in the world. It was a lrge fortress/city in whose heart the citadel was located, but because of the impressive look of the citadel, which forms the highest point, the entire fortress is referred to as the Bam Citadel.

 

It is listed by UNESCO as part of the World Heritage Site

 

The origin of this massive citadel on the Silk Road can be traced beyondthe Achaemenid period (6th to 4th centuries BC). The heyday of the citadel was from the 7th to 11th centuries, when it lay at the crossroads of important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton garments.

 

On December 26, 2003, the Citadel was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake, along with much of the rest of Bam. It is currently being rebuilt.

Schloss Landsberg, Landsberger Straße 150, 98617 Meiningen, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Landsberg, Landsberger Straße 150, 98617 Meiningen, Germany

Totnes Castle, Castle Street, Totnes, Devon TQ9 5NU, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Totnes Castle, Castle Street, Totnes, Devon TQ9 5NU, England

 

The castle occupies a commanding position atop a large hill above the town, and guards the approach to three valleys, including that of the River Dart.

 

The surviving stone keep and curtain wall date from around the 14th century. Totnes Castle is one of the best preserved examples of a Norman motte and bailey castle in England

Château de Fontainebleau, 77300 Fontainebleau, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Fontainebleau, 77300 Fontainebleau, France

 

The Château or Palace of Fontainebleau is one of the largest French royal châteaux is located 55 kilometres from the centre of Paris

 

The palace is the work of many French monarchs, building on an early 16th-century structure of Francis I.

Himeji Castle, a hilltop Japanese castle complex in Himeji, in Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Himeji Castle, a hilltop Japanese castle complex in Himeji, in Hyogo Prefecture, Japan.

 

The castle is regarded as the finest surviving example of prototypical Japanese castle architecture, comprising a network of 83 buildings with advanced defensive systems from the feudal period.

 

Himeji Castle is also known as Hakuro-jo ("White Egret Castle") or Shirasagi-jo ("White Heron Castle") because of its white exterior and supposed resemblance to a bird taking flight.

 

The Castle dates to 1333, when Akamatsu Norimura built a fort on top of Himeyama hill.

 

Himeji Castle is the largest and most visited castle in Japan, and it was registered in 1993 as one of the first UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the country. The area within the middle moat of the castle complex is a designated Special Historic Site and five structures of the castle are also designated Japanese National Treasures.

Himeji Castle, a hilltop Japanese castle complex in Himeji, in Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Himeji Castle, a hilltop Japanese castle complex located in Himeji, in Hyogo Prefecture, Japan.

 

The castle is regarded as the finest surviving example of prototypical Japanese castle architecture, comprising a network of 83 buildings with advanced defensive systems from the feudal period.

 

Himeji Castle is also known as Hakuro-jo ("White Egret Castle") or Shirasagi-jo ("White Heron Castle") because of its white exterior and supposed resemblance to a bird taking flight.

 

The Castle dates to 1333, when Akamatsu Norimura built a fort on top of Himeyama hill.

 

Himeji Castle is the largest and most visited castle in Japan, and it was registered in 1993 as one of the first UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the country. The area within the middle moat of the castle complex is a designated Special Historic Site and five structures of the castle are also designated Japanese National Treasures.

Himeji Castle, a hilltop Japanese castle complex in Himeji, in Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Himeji Castle, a hilltop Japanese castle complex located in Himeji, in Hyogo Prefecture, Japan.

 

The castle is regarded as the finest surviving example of prototypical Japanese castle architecture, comprising a network of 83 buildings with advanced defensive systems from the feudal period.

 

Himeji Castle is also known as Hakuro-jo ("White Egret Castle") or Shirasagi-jo ("White Heron Castle") because of its white exterior and supposed resemblance to a bird taking flight.

 

The Castle dates to 1333, when Akamatsu Norimura built a fort on top of Himeyama hill.

 

Himeji Castle is the largest and most visited castle in Japan, and it was registered in 1993 as one of the first UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the country. The area within the middle moat of the castle complex is a designated Special Historic Site and five structures of the castle are also designated Japanese National Treasures.

Library at the Château de Fontainebleau, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Library at the Château de Fontainebleau, France

 

The Château (or Palace) of Fontainebleau is located 55 kilometres from the centre of Paris,

 

Fontainebleau is one of the largest French royal châteaux. The building is arranged around a series of courtyards. set around the remainder of the Forest of Fontainebleau, a former royal hunting park..

Staircase, Opéra Garnier, Paris - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Staircase, Opéra Garnier, Paris

 

The Palais Garnier is a 1,979-seat opera house, built from 1861 to 1875 for the Paris Opera. The theatre was known as the Opéra de Paris or simply the Opéra, but

has come to be became known as the Palais Garnier in recognition of its opulence and its architect, Charles Garnier.

 

It was the primary home of the Paris Opera and its associated Paris Opera Ballet until 1989, when the Opéra Bastille opened at the Place de la Bastille, leaving the Palais Garnier for ballet.

 

The Palais Garnier also houses the Bibliothèque-Musée de l'Opéra de Paris (Paris Opera Library-Museum).

Château du Plessis-Bourré is situated in the commune of Écuillé in the Maine-et-Loire department, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château du Plessis-Bourré,

Écuillé, Maine-et-Loire department, France.

 

The Château du Plessis-Bourré is a château in the Loire Valley, built in less than 5 years from 1468 to 1472 by Finance Minister Jean Bourré, principal advisor to King Louis XI.

 

The château has not been modified externally since its construction and still has a fully working drawbridge

 

It was classified as a Monument historique in 1931.

 

The Château du Plessis-Bourré has been the location setting for numerous films.

Almodovar Castle, Almodóvar del Río, Province of Córdoba, Spain. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Almodovar Castle, Almodóvar del Río, Province of Córdoba, Spain.

 

It is situated 15 miles (24 km) from Córdoba, on the left bank of the Guadalquivir.

 

Previously a Roman fort, the Moors built a castle on the site. The current structure has Berber origins, and dates from the year 760. During the Middle Ages, the castle underwent several periods of reconstruction.

Vianden Castle, Vianden, Luxembourg - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Vianden Castle, Vianden, Luxembourg

 

Vianden Castle (French: Château de Vianden, German: Burg Vianden Luxembourgish: Buerg Veianen), is located in Vianden, in the north of Luxembourg.

 

Vianden is one of the largest fortified castles west of the Rhine.

 

Its origins date to the 10th century. The castle was built in the Romanesque style between the 11th and 14th centuries. Gothic aspects were added at the end of this period.

 

A Renaissance mansion was added in the 17th century

 

After the seventeenth century the castle was allowed to fall into ruin, and has recently been restored - the ruined tower shown here has been rebuilt.

 

It is now open to visitors.

The Chindia Tower (Romanian: Turnul Chindiei) is a tower in the Curtea Domneasca monuments ensemble in Târgoviste, Romania. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Chindia Tower (Romanian: Turnul Chindiei) is a tower in the Curtea Domneasca monuments ensemble in Târgoviste, Romania.

 

The tower was begun in the fifteenth century during the second reign of Prince Vlad III the Impaler over Wallachia, taking its final form during the 19th century. It has a spectacular batter (or talus).

 

During its history it has been used as a guard point, a fire spotter and for storing and protecting the state treasury.

 

The tower now houses an exhibition of documents, weapons and objects which belonged to Vlad the Impaler.

The Veste Coburg, or Coburg fortress, is situated on a hill above the city of Coburg, Bavaria, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

The Veste Coburg, or Coburg fortress, is situated on a hill above the city of Coburg, Bavaria, Germany

 

Veste Coburg (also called the "Franconian Crown")is one of Germany's largest castles. It dominates the town of Coburg on Bavaria's border with Thuringia.

 

The Veste Coburg was the historical seat of the independent duchy of Coburg in Franconia, now part of the German state of Bavaria.

 

Martin Luther lived in the Veste for a number of months during the Diet of Augsburg in 1530.

 

In the twentieth century, the castle was the residence of Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, a grandson of Queen Victoria, who was also (until 1919) the 2nd Duke of Albany in the United Kingdom.

The Alcázar of Segovia (Segovia Castle) is located in the old city of Segovia, Spain. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Alcázar of Segovia (Segovia Castle) is located in the old city of Segovia, Spain.

 

Rising out on a rocky crag above the confluence of the rivers Eresma and Clamores near the Guadarrama mountains, it is one of the most distinctive castle-palaces in Spain

 

Alcázar (from Arbic for "The Castle") was originally built as a fortress but has served as a royal palace, a state prison, a Royal Artillery College and a military academy.

Torrechiara Castle, Langhirano, province of Parma, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Torrechiara Castle, Langhirano, province of Parma, Italy

 

Torrechiara was built by Pier Maria II Rossi, Count of San Secondo, between 1448 and 1460.

 

The building was a defensive structure, but also a mansion for the count's lover, Bianca Pellegrini, for which a famous hall, the Camera d'Oro ("Golden Chamber") was built with decorations by Benedetto Bembo.

 

Scenes of the 1985 film Ladyhawke were shot at the castle.

The University of Timbuktu, located in the city of Timbuktu, Mali, West Africa - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The University of Timbuktu, located in the city of Timbuktu, Mali, West Africa

 

The University of Timbuktu was established in the 12th century. Teaching included geography, mathematics, the sciences, and medicine.

 

During the 12th century, the university had an enrollment of around 25,000 students from Africa as well as parts of the Mediterranean within a city of around 100,000 persons.

 

The castle like construction is useful when, periodically, religious fanatics attempt to destroy University facilities, artefacts and manuscrits, most recently in 2013.

The Red Castle (Castell Coch) situated on a hillside above the village of Tongwynlais, to the north of Cardiff, Wales - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Red Castle (Castell Coch) situated on a hillside above the village of Tongwynlais, to the north of Cardiff, Wales

 

Castell Coch is a 19th-century Gothic Revival castle built on the remains of a 13th-century fortification.. It is a Grade I listed building

 

Designed by William Burges, with a superficially medieval appearance, working portcullis and drawbridge. Its sumptuous interiors rival those of nearby Cardiff Castle

The Assembly of Gods around Jupiter's throne (Giulio Romano, 1532-1534), Sala dei Giganti, Palazzo del Tè, Mantua, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Assembly of Gods around Jupiter's throne

(Giulio Romano, 1532-1534)

Sala dei Giganti, Palazzo del Tè, Mantua, Italy

Chastè da Tarasp (Tarasp Castle or in German, Schloss Tarasp) sits on a hill top near Tarasp, in Lower Engadin, Graubünden, Switzerland. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Tarasp Castle, Lower Engadin, Graubünden, Switzerland

 

Chastè da Tarasp (Tarasp Castle or in German, Schloss Tarasp) sits on a hill top near Tarasp.

 

Located in the Romansh speaking area of Switerland, it is a Swiss heritage site of national significance.

 

 

Smolenický zámok (Smolenice Castle) lies on the eastern slope of the LittleCarpathians, near the town of Smolenice, Slovakia. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Smolenický zámok (Smolenice Castle) lies on the eastern slope of the LittleCarpathians, near the town of Smolenice, Slovakia.

Schloss Hohenschwangau (Hohenschwangau Castle), Hohenschwangau, near the town of Füssen, part of the county of Ostallgäu in southwestern Bavaria, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Hohenschwangau (Hohenschwangau Castle), Hohenschwangau, near the town of Füssen, part of the county of Ostallgäu in southwestern Bavaria, Germany.

 

It is located very close to the border with Austria.Germany

 

Hohenschwangau Castle (the name means High Swan County Castle) is a 19th-century palace in southern Germany.

 

It was built by his father, King Maximilian II of Bavaria and

was the childhood residence of the future King Ludwig II of Bavaria

Château-Gaillard, above the commune of Les Andelys overlooking the River Seine, in the Eure département of historical Normandy, now Upper Normandy, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château-Gaillard, above the commune of Les Andelys overlooking the River Seine, in the Eure département of historical Normandy, now Upper Normandy, France.

 

Château Gaillard is a ruined medieval castle

 

Construction began in 1196 under the auspices of Richard the Lionheart, King of England and Duke of Normandy. The castle was built in just two years, at the same time the town of Petit Andely

 

. Château Gaillard has a complex and advanced design - possibly designed by Richard himself. It uses principles of concentric fortification It was also one of the earliest European castles to use machicolations - an idea that Richard might well have brought back from the Holy Land. The castle consists of three enclosures separated by dry moats, with a keep in the inner enclosure.

 

Château Gaillard was captured in 1204 by the French king, Philip II, after a lengthy siege. In the mid-14th century, the castle became the residence of the exiled David II of Scotland.

 

The castle changed hands several times in the Hundred Years' War, but in 1449 the French captured Château Gaillard from the English for the last time, and from then on it remained in French ownership.

 

Henry IV of France ordered the demolition of Château Gaillard in 1599; The castle ruins are listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

Pernstejn Castle, Nedvedice, South Moravian Region, Czech Republic - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Pernstejn Castle, Nedvedice, South Moravian Region, Czech Republic

 

Pernštejn Castle (Czech: hrad Pernštejn) is located on a rock above the village of Nedvedice and the rivers Svratka and Nedvedicka, some 40 km northwest of Brno.

 

Pernštejn came to be known as the marble castle because of the marble-like stone used to frame the doors and windows.

Oravský Hrad, located above the Orava river in the village of Oravský Podzámok, Slovakia. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Oravský Hrad, located above the Orava river in the village of Oravský Podzámok, Slovakia.

 

In Eglish it is called Orava Castle, in German Arwaburg and in Hungarian: Árva vára)

 

Orava Castle stands on the site of an old wooden fortification, built after the Mongol invasion of Hungary of 1241.The later design was in Romanesque and Gothic style. Later still it was reconstructed as a Renaissance and Neo-Gothic structure,.

 

Many scenes of the 1922 film Nosferatu were filmed here. After a period of dilapidation the castle became a national monument after World War II,.

Montacute House, Montacute, Somerset, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Montacute House, Montacute, Somerset, England

 

Montacute House is a late Elizabethan country house typical of English architecture in transition from the medieval Gothic to the Renaissance Classical.

 

It is one of the finest houses to survive almost unchanged from the Elizabethan era, and has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building, and Scheduled Ancient Monument.

 

The house was built in about 1598 by Sir Edward Phelips, Master of the Rolls and the prosecutor during the trial of the Gunpowder Plotters.

 

Lord Curzon lived at the house with his mistress, the novelist Elinor Glyn. It was acquired by the National Trust in 1927

Le Château de Val, Les Fontilles, 15270 Lanobre, Cantal, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Le Château de Val, Les Fontilles, 15270 Lanobre, Cantal, France

San Vittore alle Chiuse, Genga, Marche, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

 

San Vittore alle Chiuse, Genga, Marche, Italy

 

San Vittore alle Chiuse is not a castle but a Roman Catholic abbey and church.

 

The edifice is known from the year 1011, and is example of Byzantine-influenced architecture in Italy.

Althorp Gallery, Althorp, Northamptonshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Althorp Gallery, Althorp, Northamptonshire, England

 

Althorp is a country estate of about 14,000 acres (60 square km) and a Grade I listed stately home in. It is about 5 miles (8.0 km) north-west of the county town of Northampton.

 

It is the official residence of The Earl and Countess Spencer. It was the home of Diana, Princess of Wales before her marriage to Charles, Prince of Wales.

 

(It's the current Earl Spencer sitting reading the book)

The Château de Vendeuvre, Vendeuvre, near to Lisieux in Normandy, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château de Vendeuvre, Vendeuvre, near to Lisieux in Normandy, France

 

Classed as a Historic Monument, Vendeuvre is a prototypical aristocratic Norman country house.

 

It was opened to the public in 1983.

Schloss Nymphenburg, Munich, Bavaria, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Nymphenburg, Munich, Bavaria, Germany

 

The Nymphenburg Palace ("Nymph's Castle"), is a Baroque palace once the main summer residence of the House of Wittelsbach (rulers of Bavaria)

Ceiling detail, Schloss Nymphenburg, Munich, Bavaria, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ceiling detail, Schloss Nymphenburg, Munich, Bavaria, Germany

 

The Nymphenburg Palace ("Nymph's Castle"), is a Baroque palace once the main summer residence of the House of Wittelsbach (rulers of Bavaria)

Château Fort de Gisors, Haute-Normandie, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château Fort de Gisors, Haute-Normandie, France

 

King William II of England ordered Robert of Bellême to build the first castle at Gisors. Henry I of England was responsible for the octagonal stone keep surmounting the motte. Henry's work at Gisors was part of a programme of royal castle building in Normandy during his reign to secure the region against the aspirations of the French crown.

 

The castle is also known for its links with the Templars. Put into their charge by the French king between 1158 and 1160, it became the final prison of the Grand Master of the Order, Jacques de Molay, in 1314.

Château de Champlâtreux, Epinay-Champlâtreux, Val-d’Oise, Île-de-Franc, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Champlâtreux, Epinay-Champlâtreux, Val-d’Oise, Île-de-Franc, France.

 

Le château de Champlâtreux was built between 1751 et 1757 by the architect Jean-Michel Chevotet.

 

It is classified as a Monument Historique

Château de la Motte Husson, Martigne Sur Mayenne 53470, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de la Motte Husson, Martigne Sur Mayenne 53470, France

La cour d’honneur, l’hôtel des Invalides, 7th arrondissement, Paris, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

La cour d’honneur, l’hôtel des Invalides, 7th arrondissement, Paris, France

 

Les Invalide , officially L'Hôtel national des Invalides (The National Town-House of the Invalids), is a complex of buildings containing museums and monuments, relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans (the building's original purpose).

 

The complex houses the Musée de l'Armée, the military museum of the Army of France, the Musée des Plans-Reliefs, and the Musée d'Histoire Contemporaine, as well as the burial site for some of France's war heroes.

La cour d’honneur, l’hôtel des Invalides, 7th arrondissement, Paris, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

La cour d’honneur, l’hôtel des Invalides, 7th arrondissement, Paris, France

 

Les Invalide , officially L'Hôtel national des Invalides (The National Town-House of the Invalids), is a complex of buildings containing museums and monuments, relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans (the building's original purpose).

 

The complex houses the Musée de l'Armée, the military museum of the Army of France, the Musée des Plans-Reliefs, and the Musée d'Histoire Contemporaine, as well as the burial site for some of France's war heroes.

Knightshayes Court, Tiverton, Devon, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Knightshayes Court, Tiverton, Devon, England

 

Knightshayes Court is a Victorian country house, designed by William Burges for the Heathcoat-Amory family.

 

The house is Grade I listed.

Kasteel van Wijnendale, Wijnendale, Torhout, West Flanders, Belgium. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Kasteel van Wijnendale, Wijnendale, Torhout, West Flanders, Belgium.

 

The present castle is largely a 19th-century reconstruction, but a part of the north wing is still 15th century.

 

One wing is inhabited by the present owners. Another wing is a museum, open to the public.

Qaitbay Citadel, Alexandria, Egypt - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Qaitbay Citadel, Alexandria, Egypt

 

The Citadel of Qaitbay (or the Fort of Qaitbay) is a 15th-century defensive fortress located on the Mediterranean sea coast at Alexandria, on the eastern side of the northern tip of Pharos Island at the mouth of the Eastern Harbour.

 

It is built on the site of the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria - probably from stones from the ruined lighthouse.

 

It was built in 1477 AD by Sultan Al-Ashraf Sayf al-Din Qa'it Bay, from whom it takes its name.

Qaitbay Citadel, Alexandria, Egypt - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Qaitbay Citadel, Alexandria, Egypt

 

The Citadel of Qaitbay (or the Fort of Qaitbay) is a 15th-century defensive fortress located on the Mediterranean sea coast at Alexandria, on the eastern side of the northern tip of Pharos Island at the mouth of the Eastern Harbour.

 

It is built on the site of the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria - probably from stones from the ruined lighthouse.

 

It was built in 1477 AD by Sultan Al-Ashraf Sayf al-Din Qa'it Bay, from whom it takes its name.

Château Fort de Guédelon, Treigny, Yonne, Burgundy, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château Fort de Guédelon, Treigny, Yonne, Burgundy, France

 

Château Fort de Guédelon (Guédelon Castle) is a medieval construction project. The object of which is to build a castle using only the techniques and materials used in the Middle Ages.

 

Building materials, including wood and stone, are obtained locally. Jacques Moulin, the chief architect for the project, designed the castle according to the architectural model developed during the 12th and 13th centuries by Philip II of France.

 

Construction started in 1997 under Michel Guyot, owner of Saint-Fargeau castle. The site was chosen in the light of the availability of a stone quarry, in a large forest, with a pond close by.

 

The project has created 55 jobs and is now a tourist destination, with more than 300 000 visits each year

 

When completed in the 2020s, it should be an authentic recreation of a 13th-century medieval castle.

.

Castello di Gradara (Gradara Castle), Gradara, Marche, Italy. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castello di Gradara (Gradara Castle), Gradara, Marche, Italy.

 

Gradara Castle is protected by two walls, the outermost of which extends for almost 800 meters.

Gingerbread Castle - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Gingerbread Castle

Château-Gaillard, above the commune of Les Andelys overlooking the River Seine, in the Eure département of historical Normandy, now Upper Normandy, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château-Gaillard, above the commune of Les Andelys overlooking the River Seine, in the Eure département of historical Normandy, now Upper Normandy, France.

 

Château Gaillard is a ruined medieval castle

 

Construction began in 1196 under the auspices of Richard the Lionheart, King of England and Duke of Normandy. The castle was built in just two years, at the same time the town of Petit Andely

 

. Château Gaillard has a complex and advanced design - possibly designed by Richard himself. It uses principles of concentric fortification It was also one of the earliest European castles to use machicolations - an idea that Richard might well have brought back from the Holy Land. The castle consists of three enclosures separated by dry moats, with a keep in the inner enclosure.

Fagaras Castle, Fagaras, Brazov County, Romania - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Fagaras Castle, Fagaras, Brazov County, Romania

 

In 1696, following penetration of the Austrian army in Transylvania, Fagaras Castle (or Fagaras Fortress) became Crown property of the Habsburgs.

The Château de Chantilly, Chantilly, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château de Chantilly, Chantilly, France.

 

The site comprises two attached buildings : the Petit Château built around 1560 for Anne de Montmorency, and the Grand Château, which was destroyed during the French Revolution and rebuilt in the 1870s.

 

Owned by the Institut de France, the château houses the Musée Condé, a public art galleriy.

Entrance Hall in Osterley House, Hounslow, London - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Entrance Hall in Osterley House, Hounslow, London

 

Osterley House (or Osterley Park) is a mansion set in a large park. When the house was built it was surrounded by rural countryside.

 

It was one of a group of large houses close to London which served as country retreats for wealthy families, but which were not true country houses, as they lacked large agricultural estates.

Interior, Donjon de Vez, Oise, Picardy, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Interior, Donjon de Vez, Oise, Picardy, France

 

The Donjon (keep) is part of the Château de Vez.

 

 

 

Donjon de Vez, Oise, Picardy, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Donjon de Vez, Oise, Picardy, France

 

The Donjon (keep) is part of the Château de Vez.

Château de Chillon, Veytaux, Montreux, Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Chillon, Veytaux, Montreux, Switzerland

 

The Château de Chillon (Chillon Castle) is an island castle located on the shore of Lake Geneva in the commune of Veytaux, at the eastern end of the lake, 3 km from Montreux

 

The first written record of the castle date to 1160. From the mid 12th century, the castle was home to the Counts of Savoy.

 

The Château de Chillon was made popular by Lord Byron, who wrote the poem The Prisoner Of Chillon; Byron also carved his name on a pillar of the dungeon.

 

The castle is also one of the settings in Henry James's novella Daisy Miller (1878).

Château de Chillon, Veytaux, Montreux, Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Chillon, Veytaux, Montreux, Switzerland

 

The Château de Chillon (Chillon Castle) is an island castle located on the shore of Lake Geneva in the commune of Veytaux, at the eastern end of the lake, 3 km from Montreux

 

The first written record of the castle date to 1160. From the mid 12th century, the castle was home to the Counts of Savoy.

 

The Château de Chillon was made popular by Lord Byron, who wrote the poem The Prisoner Of Chillon; Byron also carved his name on a pillar of the dungeon.

 

The castle is also one of the settings in Henry James's novella Daisy Miller (1878).

Château fort de la Hunaudaye - Plédéliac, Côtes-d'Armor, Brittany, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château fort de la Hunaudaye - Plédéliac, Côtes-d'Armor, Brittany, France

 

Castle Hunaudaye is a thirteenth century castle. It is classified as a Monument historique since February 1922.

Château du Lude, Le Lude, Sarthe department, Pays-de-la-Loire - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château du Lude, Le Lude, Sarthe department, Pays-de-la-Loire

 

The Château du Lude is one of the many great châteaux of the Loire Valley and stands at the crossroads of Anjou, Maine and Touraine.

 

Le Lude is a stronghold transformed into an elegant house during the Renaissance and the 18th century. It has been inhabited by the same family for the last 260 years.

 

The Château gardens have evolved throughout the centuries, with an English style landscape, a rose garden, topiaries, a labyrinth and a botanical walk.

Château de Puymartin, Marquay, Dordogne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Puymartin, Marquay, Dordogne, France

 

The castle was built during the 13th century.

 

It is listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

The Château de Pierrefonds, Pierrefonds, Oise département, Picardy, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château de Pierrefonds, Pierrefonds, Oise département, Picardy, France.

 

The Château is on the southeast edge of the Forest of Compiègne, north east of Paris, between Villers-Cotterêts and Compiègne.

 

The Château de Pierrefonds still features most of the characteristics of defensive military architecture from the Middle Ages, though it underwent major restoration in the 19th century.

Château de La Roche, aint-Priest-la-Roche, Loire département, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de La Roche, Saint-Priest-la-Roche, Loire département, France

 

The castle stands on an island in the lake formed by the Villerest dam . It was built on a rocky platform overlooking the Loire river from a height of 30 metres. During the 1930s, the construction project for the Villerest dam by EDF condemned the château to disappear below the water. It was bought for a symbolic one franc by the commune. It is now situated on an island.

Château de La Roche, aint-Priest-la-Roche, Loire département, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de La Roche, Saint-Priest-la-Roche, Loire département, France

 

The castle stands on an island in the lake formed by the Villerest dam . It was built on a rocky platform overlooking the Loire river from a height of 30 metres. During the 1930s, the construction project for the Villerest dam by EDF condemned the château to disappear below the water. It was bought for a symbolic one franc by the commune. It is now situated on an island.

Château de La Roche, aint-Priest-la-Roche, Loire département, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de La Roche, Saint-Priest-la-Roche, Loire département, France

 

The castle stands on an island in the lake formed by the Villerest dam . It was built on a rocky platform overlooking the Loire river from a height of 30 metres. During the 1930s, the construction project for the Villerest dam by EDF condemned the château to disappear below the water. It was bought for a symbolic one franc by the commune. It is now situated on an island.

Château de Chillon, Veytaux, Montreux, Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Chillon, Veytaux, Montreux, Switzerland

 

The Château de Chillon (Chillon Castle) is an island castle located on the shore of Lake Geneva in the commune of Veytaux, at the eastern end of the lake, 3 km from Montreux

 

The first written record of the castle date to 1160. From the mid 12th century, the castle was home to the Counts of Savoy.

 

The Château de Chillon was made popular by Lord Byron, who wrote the poem The Prisoner Of Chillon; Byron also carved his name on a pillar of the dungeon.

 

The castle is also one of the settings in Henry James's novella Daisy Miller (1878).

Château de Chillon, Veytaux, Montreux, Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Chillon, Veytaux, Montreux, Switzerland

 

The Château de Chillon (Chillon Castle) is an island castle located on the shore of Lake Geneva in the commune of Veytaux, at the eastern end of the lake, 3 km from Montreux

 

The first written record of the castle date to 1160. From the mid 12th century, the castle was home to the Counts of Savoy.

 

The Château de Chillon was made popular by Lord Byron, who wrote the poem The Prisoner Of Chillon; Byron also carved his name on a pillar of the dungeon.

 

The castle is also one of the settings in Henry James's novella Daisy Miller (1878).

Château d'Anjony, Tournemire, Cantal département, Auvergne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château d'Anjony, Tournemire, Cantal département, Auvergne, France

 

The Château d'Anjony is known in Occitan as the Chastèl d'En Jòni, (the Castle of Lord Jòni). It is built of reddish basal

 

] It is located in a strategic position on the Tournemire promontory and dominates the rich landscape of the Doire valley with its four tall towers.

 

The castle and its estate are classified as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

Château d'Ainay-le-Vieil, Ainay-le-Vieil, Cher, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Château d'Ainay-le-Vieil, Ainay-le-Vieil, Cher, France.

 

Built in the 14th century, this moated castle has been listed as a Monument historique since 1968 by the French Ministry of Culture.

Château d'Ainay-le-Vieil, Ainay-le-Vieil, Cher, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château d'Ainay-le-Vieil, Ainay-le-Vieil, Cher, France.

 

Built in the 14th century, this moated castle has been listed as a Monument historique since 1968 by the French Ministry of Culture.

Castello Piccolomini (Celano Castle), Celano, provincia dell'Aquila, Marsica, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castello Piccolomini (Celano Castle), Celano, provincia dell'Aquila, Marsica, Italy

 

The square castle, with round towers at the corners, was erected in its present form on the top of the San Vittorino Hill.

 

Its construction was commissioned by Count Pietro Berardi around the year 1392, and was finished around 1451.

 

Today, the castle hosts the Museum of Sacred Art of the Marsica.

Castello Piccolomini (Celano Castle), Celano, provincia dell'Aquila, Marsica, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castello Piccolomini (Celano Castle), Celano, provincia dell'Aquila, Marsica, Italy

 

The square castle, with round towers at the corners, was erected in its present form on the top of the San Vittorino Hill.

 

Its construction was commissioned by Count Pietro Berardi around the year 1392, and was finished around 1451.

 

Today, the castle hosts the Museum of Sacred Art of the Marsica.

Castle of Bussy Rabutin, Bussy-le-Grand, Côte-d'Or department, Bourgogne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castle of Bussy Rabutin, Bussy-le-Grand, Côte-d'Or department, Bourgogne, France

 

The Château de Bussy-Rabutin, also known as Château de Bussy-le-Grand, developed from a 12th-century castle,

 

The castle was founded by Renaudin de Bussy. It was rebuilt in the 14th century, and the Renaissance galleries were added in the 1520s. It was altered during the reigns of Henri II (1547–1559) and Louis XIII (1610–1643).

Warkworth Castle, Warkworth, Northumberland, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Warkworth Castle, Warkworth, Northumberland, England

 

It is an example of a Norman Motte and bailey castle.

 

Both town and castle occupy a loop of the River Coquet, less than a mile from England's north-east coast.

 

Traditionally the castle's construction has been ascribed to Prince Henry of Scotland in the mid-12th century, but it may have been built by King Henry II of England when he took control of England's northern counties.

Warkworth Castle, Warkworth, Northumberland, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Warkworth Castle, Warkworth, Northumberland, England

 

It is an example of a Norman Motte and bailey castle.

 

Both town and castle occupy a loop of the River Coquet, less than a mile from England's north-east coast.

 

Traditionally the castle's construction has been ascribed to Prince Henry of Scotland in the mid-12th century, but it may have been built by King Henry II of England when he took control of England's northern counties.

Warkworth Castle, Warkworth, Northumberland, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Warkworth Castle, Warkworth, Northumberland, England

 

It is an example of a Norman Motte and bailey castle.

 

Both town and castle occupy a loop of the River Coquet, less than a mile from England's north-east coast.

 

Traditionally the castle's construction has been ascribed to Prince Henry of Scotland in the mid-12th century, but it may have been built by King Henry II of England when he took control of England's northern counties.

Ortenberg Schloss, Ortenau, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Ortenberg Schloss, Ortenau, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany

Ortenberg Schloss, Ortenau, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ortenberg Schloss, Ortenau, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany

The castle of Bourtzi, Nafplio, Argolis, Peloponnese, Greece. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The castle of Bourtzi, Nafplio, Argolis, Peloponnese, Greece.

 

The castle of Bourtzi is located in the middle of the harbour of Nafplio. Venetians completed its fortification in 1473 to protect the city from pirates and invaders from the sea. It fell to Ottoman Turks along with the rest of Greece.

 

The Greeks regained it from the Turks on June 18, 1822, from where they assisted in the siege of Nafplio. Until 1865 it served as a fortress. It was then transformed into residence of the executioners of convicts from the castle of Palamidi. From 1930 to 1970, it served as a hotel. Since then, it is mainly a tourist attraction.

The castle of Bourtzi, Nafplio, Argolis, Peloponnese, Greece. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The castle of Bourtzi, Nafplio, Argolis, Peloponnese. Greece.

 

The castle of Bourtzi is located in the middle of the harbour of Nafplio. Venetians completed its fortification in 1473 to protect the city from pirates and invaders from the sea. It fell to Ottoman Turks along with the rest of Greece.

 

The Greeks regained it from the Turks on June 18, 1822, from where they assisted in the siege of Nafplio. Until 1865 it served as a fortress. It was then transformed into residence of the executioners of convicts from the castle of Palamidi. From 1930 to 1970, it served as a hotel. Since then, it is mainly a tourist attraction.

Burg Altena (Altena Castle), Altena, Märkischer Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burg Altena (Altena Castle), Altena, Märkischer Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

 

Altena Castle is a Medieval hill castle in the town of Altena in western Germany. It was erected by the early Counts of Berg - in the early 12th century. Eventually, the House of Berg abandoned Altena and moved their residence to Hamm.

 

In 1912, Richard Schirrmann established the world's first youth hostel within the castle, which is still in use today (the Jugendherberge Burg Altena).

Wasserschloss Klaffenbach, Wasserschloßweg 6, 09123 Chemnitz, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Wasserschloss Klaffenbach, Wasserschloßweg 6, 09123 Chemnitz, Germany

Trostburg, Burgfriedenstraße, 22, 39040 Ponte Gardena Bozen, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Trostburg, Burgfriedenstraße, 22, 39040 Ponte Gardena Bozen, Italy

Castel Roncolo, territory of Ritten, near the city of Bolzano in South Tyrol, Italy. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castel Roncolo, territory of Ritten, near the city of Bolzano in South Tyrol, Italy.

 

The castle is known as Runkelstein Castle in English and Schloss Runkelstein in German.

 

It is a medieval fortification on a rocky spur. In 1237 Alderich, Prince-Bishop of Trent gave the brothers Friedrich and Beral, Lords of Wange,n permission to construct a castle on the rock then called Runchenstayn.

Schloss Greyerz / Château de Gruyères), Rue du Château 8, 1663 Gruyères, Fribourg, Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Greyerz / Château de Gruyères), Rue du Château 8, 1663 Gruyères, Fribourg, Switzerland

 

The Castle is one of the most famous in Switzerland.

Castel Beseno, Beseno, Trentino-Alto Adige Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castel Beseno, Beseno, Trentino-Alto Adige Italy

 

Castel Beseno - Schloss Pysein in German language, Beseno Castle in English - is the largest fortified structure of Trentino-Alto Adige.

Castello Mafredonico, Mussomeli (Mussumeli in Sicilian), Caltanissetta, Sicily, Italy. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Castello Mafredonico, Mussomeli (Mussumeli in Sicilian), Caltanissetta, Sicily, Italy.

 

The Chiaramonte Castle Castello Mafredonico, was built in 1370 in Norman-Gothic style. It stands on a high crag at 778 metres, 2 km outside the town.

 

It has halls, dungeons and torture cells, and a chapel with a alabaster depicting the Madonna dell Catena (1516).

Schloss Hohenzollern, 72379 Burg Hohenzollern, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Hohenzollern (Hohenzollern Castle)

72379 Burg Hohenzollern, Germany

 

Hohenzollern Castle is the ancestral seat of the Hohenzollern family, who became German Emperors

 

A castle was first constructed here in the early 11th century. The present castle was constructed for King Frederick William IV of Prussia between 1846 and 1867. The design was based on English Gothic Revival architecture and the Châteaux of the Loire Valley.

 

In 1945 it became home to the former Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany, son of the last Hohenzollern monarch, Kaiser Wilhelm II, who is buried there with his wife, Crown Princess Cecilie

Burg Hochosterwitz, near Sankt Georgen am Längsee, east of the town of Sankt Veit an der Glan in the state of Carinthia, Austria - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burg Hochosterwitz, near Sankt Georgen am Längsee, east of the town of Sankt Veit an der Glan in the state of Carinthia, Austria

 

Hochosterwitz Castle is considered to be one of Austria's most impressive medieval castles.

 

There are 14 defensive gates, each equipped with different methods of guarding the path. Local legend maintains that the castle has never been conquered and that none of the attacks managed to get beyond the fourth gate.

Blickling Hall, Blickling, Norfolk, England,  - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Blickling Hall, Blickling, Norfolk, England,

 

 

In the 15th century, Blickling Hall was in the possession of Sir John Fastolf, who made a fortune in the Hundred Years' War, and whose coat of arms is still on display here.

 

Later, the Hall came into the possession of the Boleyn family. It was home to Sir Thomas Boleyn, Earl of Wiltshire, the father of Anne Boleyn.

 

Blickling Hall has been in the care of the National Trust since 1940.

 

City Walls, Arg-é Bam (Bam Citadel), Bam, Kerman Province, southeastern Iran - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

City Walls, Arg-é Bam (Bam Citadel), Bam, Kerman Province, southeastern Iran

 

The Arg-e Bam was the largest adobe building in the world. It was a lrge fortress/city in whose heart the citadel was located, but because of the impressive look of the citadel, which forms the highest point, the entire fortress is referred to as the Bam Citadel.

 

It is listed by UNESCO as part of the World Heritage Site

 

The origin of this massive citadel on the Silk Road can be traced beyondthe Achaemenid period (6th to 4th centuries BC). The heyday of the citadel was from the 7th to 11th centuries, when it lay at the crossroads of important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton garments.

 

On December 26, 2003, the Citadel was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake, along with much of the rest of Bam. It is currently being rebuilt.

City Walls, Arg-é Bam (Bam Citadel), Bam, Kerman Province, southeastern Iran - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Interior, Arg-é Bam (Bam Citadel), Bam, Kerman Province, southeastern Iran

 

The Arg-e Bam was the largest adobe building in the world. It was a lrge fortress/city in whose heart the citadel was located, but because of the impressive look of the citadel, which forms the highest point, the entire fortress is referred to as the Bam Citadel.

 

It is listed by UNESCO as part of the World Heritage Site

 

The origin of this massive citadel on the Silk Road can be traced beyondthe Achaemenid period (6th to 4th centuries BC). The heyday of the citadel was from the 7th to 11th centuries, when it lay at the crossroads of important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton garments.

 

On December 26, 2003, the Citadel was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake, along with much of the rest of Bam. It is currently being rebuilt.

Alhambra Palace, Granada, Andalusia, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Alhambra Palace, Granada, Andalusia, Spain

 

The Alhambra (Calat Alhambra) is a palace and fortress complex, originally constructed as a small fortress in 889 and rebuilt in the mid 11th century by the Moorish king Mohammed ben Al-Ahmar of the Kingdom of Granada.

 

It was converted into a royal palace in 1333 by Yusuf I, Sultan of Granada. The Alhambra's Islamic palaces were built for the last Muslim emirs in Spain and its court of the Nasrid dynasty. After the Reconquista by the Reyes Católicos ("Catholic Monarchs") in 1492, some portions were used by Christian rulers. The Palace of Charles V, built by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in 1527, was inserted in the Alhambra within the Nasrid fortifications.

 

It is now one of Spain's major tourist attractions, exhibiting the country's most significant and well known Islamic architecture, together with 16th-century and later Christian buildings and gardens.

 

The Alhambra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Alhambra Palace, Granada, Andalusia, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Alhambra Palace, Granada, Andalusia, Spain

 

The Alhambra (Calat Alhambra) is a palace and fortress complex, originally constructed as a small fortress in 889 and rebuilt in the mid 11th century by the Moorish king Mohammed ben Al-Ahmar of the Kingdom of Granada.

 

It was converted into a royal palace in 1333 by Yusuf I, Sultan of Granada. The Alhambra's Islamic palaces were built for the last Muslim emirs in Spain and its court of the Nasrid dynasty. After the Reconquista by the Reyes Católicos ("Catholic Monarchs") in 1492, some portions were used by Christian rulers. The Palace of Charles V, built by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in 1527, was inserted in the Alhambra within the Nasrid fortifications.

 

It is now one of Spain's major tourist attractions, exhibiting the country's most significant and well known Islamic architecture, together with 16th-century and later Christian buildings and gardens.

 

The Alhambra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

 

Matsumoto Castle, Japan - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Matsumoto Castle, ("Crow Castle")
Matsumoto, Nagano Prefecture near Tokyo, Japan

 

Matsumoto Castle is one of Japan's premier historic castles. The keep (tenshukaku), was completed in the late sixteenth century, It is listed as a National Treasure of Japan.

 

Matsumoto Castle is a flatland castle (hirajiro) built on a plain. Its defences would have included an extensive system of inter-connecting walls, moats, and gatehouses.

The Arab Cieling, Cardiff Castle, Cardiff, Wales - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Arab Cieling, Cardiff Castle, Cardiff, Wales

 

Cardiff Castle is a combination of medieval castle and Victorian Gothic revival mansion located in the city centre.

 

The original motte and bailey castle was built in the late 11th century by Norman invaders on top of a 3rd-century Roman fort.

Ceiling, Queen's Drawing Room, Hampton Court Palace, East Molesey, Surrey KT8 9AU, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ceiling, Queen's Drawing Room, Hampton Court Palace, East Molesey, Surrey KT8 9AU, England

 

The palace was built for Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, a favourite of King Henry VIII, on the river Thames in Richmond upon Thames, in the historic county of Middlesex.

 

When Wolsey fell from favour in 1529, the palace was ceded to the King.Hampton Court Palace then became a royal palace

 

The palace has not been inhabited by the British Royal Family since the 18th century.

 

 

 

 

Château de Beynac, Beynac-et-Cazenac, Dordogne, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Beynac, Beynac-et-Cazenac, Dordogne, France.

 

The castle is one of the best-preserved and best known in the Dordogne, perched on top of a limestone cliff, dominating the town and the north bank of the Dordogne River

 

The castle was built in the 12th century by the barons of Beynac (one of the four baronies of Périgord) to control the valley of the Dordogne River.

 

The sheer cliff face was sufficient to discourage any assault from that side, so the defences were concentrated on the plateau on the other side. They included double crenellated walls, double moats,and a double barbican.

Château de Beynac, Beynac-et-Cazenac, Dordogne, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Beynac, Beynac-et-Cazenac, Dordogne, France.

 

The castle is one of the best-preserved and best known in the Dordogne, perched on top of a limestone cliff, dominating the town and the north bank of the Dordogne River

 

The castle was built in the 12th century by the barons of Beynac (one of the four baronies of Périgord) to control the valley of the Dordogne River.

 

The sheer cliff face was sufficient to discourage any assault from that side, so the defences were concentrated on the plateau on the other side. They included double crenellated walls, double moats,and a double barbican.

Interior, Palácio de Monserrate (Monserrate Palace), Parque de Monserrate, 2710-405 Sintra, Portugal - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Interior, Palácio de Monserrate (Monserrate Palace), Parque de Monserrate, 2710-405 Sintra, Portugal

 

The Monserrate Palace is an exotic palatial villa near Sintra, Portugal, the traditional summer resort of the Portuguese court. It was built in 1858 for Sir Francis Cook, an English baronet who was created Visconde de Monserrate by King Luís.

The Arab Cieling, Cardiff Castle, Cardiff, Wales - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Arab Cieling, Cardiff Castle, Cardiff, Wales

 

Cardiff Castle is a combination of medieval castle and Victorian Gothic revival mansion located in the city centre.

 

The original motte and bailey castle was built in the late 11th century by Norman invaders on top of a 3rd-century Roman fort.

Schloss Moritzburg (Castle Moritzburg), Schloßallee, 01468 Moritzburg, Saxony, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Moritzburg (Castle Moritzburg), Schloßallee, 01468 Moritzburg, Saxony, Germany

 

Moritzburg Castle is a Baroque palace in Moritzburg, in the German state of Saxony, about 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) northwest of Dresden.

 

The castle is named after Duke Moritz of Saxony, who had a hunting lodge built here between 1542 and 1546.

The Great Hall, Hatfield House, Great North Rd, Hatfield, Hertfordshire AL9 5NQ, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Great Hall, Hatfield House, Great North Rd, Hatfield, Hertfordshire AL9 5NQ, England

 

Hatfield House is a country house set in a large park, to the east of Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England. It is a prime example of Jacobean architecture

 

The present Jacobean house was built in 1611 by Robert Cecil, First Earl of Salisbury and Chief Minister to King James I and has been the home of the Cecil family ever since.

 

Hatfield House is currently the home of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 7th Marquess of Salisbury.

 

The house is open to the public

 

 

Louvre, 75001 Paris, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Louvre, 75001 Paris, France

 

The Louvre Palace (Palais du Louvre), which houses the present museum, was begun as a fortress by Philip II in the 12th century, with remnants of this building still visible in the crypt.

Vianden castle, Montée du Château, 9422 Vianden, Luxembourg - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Vianden Castle, Vianden, Luxembourg

 

Vianden Castle (French: Château de Vianden, German: Burg Vianden Luxembourgish: Buerg Veianen), is located in Vianden, in the north of Luxembourg.

 

Vianden is one of the largest fortified castles west of the Rhine. Its origins date to the 10th century. The castle was built in the Romanesque style between the 11th and 14th centuries. Gothic aspects were added at the end of this period.

 

A Renaissance mansion was added in the 17th century. After the seventeenth century the castle was allowed to fall into ruin, and has recently been restored.

 

It is now open to visitors.

Schloss Körtlinghausen, Körtlinghausen 4, 59602 Rüthen, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Körtlinghausen, Körtlinghausen 4, 59602 Rüthen, Germany

La Conciergerie, 2 Boulevard du Palais, 75001 Paris, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

La Conciergerie, 2 Boulevard du Palais, 75001 Paris, France

 

La Conciergerie is a former royal palace and prison located by the seine on the west of the Île de la Cité. It is part of the larger complex known as the Palais de Justice, which is still used for judicial purposes.

Château de Fontainebleau, 77300 Fontainebleau, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Fontainebleau, 77300 Fontainebleau, France

 

The Château or Palace of Fontainebleau is one of the largest French royal châteaux is located 55 kilometres from the centre of Paris

 

The palace is the work of many French monarchs, building on an early 16th-century structure of Francis I.

The Catherine Palace, Sadovaya ulitsa, 7, Pushkin, Russia, 196601 - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Chapel at the Catherine Palace

 

The Catherine Palace, Sadovaya ulitsa, 7, Pushkin, Russia, 196601

 

The Catherine Palace is a Rococo palace located in the town of Tsarskoye Selo, 25 km southeast of St. Petersburg, Russia.

 

It was the summer residence of the Russian tsars.

Trakošcan Castle, Varaždin County, Northern Croatia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Trakošcan Castle, Varaždin County, Northern Croatia

Trakai Island, Teutonic castle on Lake Galve, Lithuania - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Trakai Island, Teutonic castle on Lake Galve, Lithuania

 

The construction of the castle was begun in the 14th century and completed around 1409.

 

Trakai was one of the main centres of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the castle held great strategic importance.

Château de Vigny, Vigny, Val-d'Oise, Île-de-France, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Vigny

Vigny

Val-d'Oise

Île-de-France

France

Unknown - Cheateau Photoshop?

Unknown

Cheateau Photoshop?

Château de Beynac, Castle in Beynac-et-Cazenac, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Beynac

Castle in Beynac-et-Cazenac

France

Schloss Mespelbrunn (Mespelbrunn Castle), Mespelbrunn, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Mespelbrunn (Mespelbrunn Castle)

Mespelbrunn

Germany

Sazova Mahallesi, Eskisehir, Turkey - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Sazova Mahallesi

Eskisehir

Turkey

Castle Howard, North Yorkshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castle Howard

North Yorkshire

England

Kitchens, Fontevraud Abbaye,Fontevraud-l'Abbaye near Chinon, in Anjou, France

Kitchens

Fontevraud Abbaye,

Fontevraud-l'Abbaye near Chinon

Anjou

France

Schwerin Castle, Schwerin, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schwerin Castle

city of Schwerin

Germany

Sited on an island in the city's main lake, the Schweriner See

Bedzin Castle, Zamkowa, Bedzin, Poland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bedzin Castle

Zamkowa

Bedzin

Poland

The Catherine Palace, Tsarskoye Selo, 25 km south-east of St. Petersburg, Russia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Chapel

Catherine Palace

Tsarskoye Selo

Russia

Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Edinburgh Castle, Castle Rock, Edinburgh, Scotland

 

Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress diminating the skyline of the city of Edinburgh. There has been a royal castle on the rock since at least the reign of David I in the 12th century.

 

As one of the most important strongholds in the Kingdom of Scotland, Edinburgh Castle was involved in many historical conflicts from the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th century to the Jacobite Rising of 1745.

 

The castle houses the Scottish regalia, known as the Honours of Scotland and is the site of the Scottish National War Memorial and the National War Museum of Scotland. The British Army is still responsible for some parts of the castle.

 

The castle is in the care of Historic Scotland and is Scotland's most-visited paid tourist attraction. As the backdrop to the Edinburgh Military Tattoo during the annual Edinburgh International Festival the castle has become a recognisable symbol of Edinburgh and of Scotland.

Paphos Castle, Paphos, East Coast, Cyprus - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Paphos Castle, Paphos, East Coast, Cyprus

 

Paphos Castle is located on the edge of Paphos harbour. It was originally built as a Byzantine fort to protect the harbour. It was then rebuilt by the Lusignans in the thirteenth century after being destroyed in the earthquake of 1222.

 

In 1570 it was dismantled by the Venetians. After capturing the island, the Ottomans restored and strengthened it.

 

It was declared a listed building in 1935 and represents one of the most distinctive landmarks of the city of Paphos.]

Trakai Island Castle, Lake Galve, Lithuania - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Trakai Island Castle

Lake Galve

Lithuania

Château de Josselin, Josselin, Morbihan, Brittany, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Josselin

Josselin

Morbihan

Brittany

France

Arg-é Bam (Bam Citadel), Bam, Kerman Province, southeastern Iran - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Arg-é Bam (Bam Citadel), Bam, Kerman Province, southeastern Iran

 

The Arg-e Bam was the largest adobe building in the world. It was a lrge fortress/city in whose heart the citadel was located, but because of the impressive look of the citadel, which forms the highest point, the entire fortress is referred to as the Bam Citadel.

 

It is listed by UNESCO as part of the World Heritage Site

 

The origin of this massive citadel on the Silk Road can be traced beyondthe Achaemenid period (6th to 4th centuries BC). The heyday of the citadel was from the 7th to 11th centuries, when it lay at the crossroads of important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton garments.

 

On December 26, 2003, the Citadel was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake, along with much of the rest of Bam. It is currently being rebuilt.

Veliki Tabor, in the region of Zagorje near Desinic, 8 km (5.0 miles) west of Pregrada, Croatia

 

Veliki Tabor is a fortress and museum in northwest Croatia, dating from the 12th century.

 

The castle's present appearance dates from the 16th century

Chepstow Castle, 1 Bridge St, Chepstow, Monmouthshire NP16 5EY, Wales - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Chepstow Castle, 1 Bridge St, Chepstow, Monmouthshire NP16 5EY, Wales

 

Chepstow Castle, located on top of cliffs overlooking the River Wye, is the oldest surviving post-Roman stone fortification in Britain. It was the southernmost of a chain of castles built along the English–Welsh border in the Welsh Marches.

 

Its construction was begun under the Norman Lord William fitzOsbern, soon afterwards made Earl of Hereford,

 

The castle ruins are a Grade I lhistorical monument

Trendelburg Castle, Steinweg 1, 34388 Trendelburg, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Trendelburg Castle, Steinweg 1, 34388 Trendelburg, Germany

 

One of Germany's best-preserved castles, located in the Wester Mountains near Kassel.

 

Chartered in 1301, Trendelburg held a strategic position, dominating trade roads from Frankfurt to Kassel and Hamburg.

Château de Chambord,Chambord, Loir-et-Cher, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Royal Château de Chambord

Chambord, Loir-et-Cher, France

 

The building, which was never completed, was constructed by King Francis I of France. The royal Château de Chambord is one of the most recognizable châteaux in the world because of its distinctive French Renaissance architecture which blends traditional French medieval forms with classical Renaissance structures.

 

Chambord was built to serve as a hunting lodge for Francis I, who maintained royal residences at the châteaux of Blois and Amboise.

 

 

Pernstejn Castle, Czech Republic - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Pernstejn Castle, Czech Republic

 

Pernštejn Castle (Czech: hrad Pernštejn) is located on a rock above the village of Nedvedice and the rivers Svratka and Nedvedicka, some 40 km northwest of Brno, in the South Moravian Region, Czech Republic.

 

Pernštejn came to be known as the marble castle because of the marble-like stone used to frame the doors and windows.

Schloss Nymphenburg 1, Festsaal, 80638 Munich, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Nymphenburg 1, Festsaal, 80638 Munich, Germany

 

 

Château de Lassay, Lassay-les-Châteaux, Mayenne, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Lassay

Lassay-les-Châteaux, Mayenne, France.

 

The original castrum or castellum here, built in the early years of the twelfth century, was probably a motte and bailey castle.

 

The present Château de Lassay was classified as a monument historique in 1862 and is still a private residence.

Castello Valentino, Turin, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castello Valentino, Turin, Italy

 

Castello del Valentino (Castle of Valentino) is located in Valentino Park. It was one of the Residences of the Royal House of Savoy included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1997.

 

Today it is the seat of the Architecture Faculty of the Polytechnic University of Turin.

The Palace of Mysore (orAmba Vilas Palace), Mysore, Karnataka, India. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Palace of Mysore (orAmba Vilas Palace), Mysore, Karnataka, India.

 

The palace is the official residence of the Wodeyars, the former royal family of Mysore, which ruled the princely state of Mysore from 1399 to 1947.

 

The palace also houses two durbar halls (ceremonial meeting hall of the royal court).

 

Mysore Palace is now one of the most famous tourist attractions in India,

Gyeongbokgung, Seoul, South Korea - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Gyeongbokgung, Seoul, South Korea.

 

Gyeongbokgung, also known as Gyeongbokgung Palace or Gyeongbok Palace, is a royal palace.

 

Constructed in 1395, the palace was later burned, and abandoned for almost three centuries. It was reconstructed in 1867, as the main and largest palace of the Five Grand Palaces built by the Joseon Dynasty.

 

The name means "Palace" [Gung] "Greatly Blessed by Heaven" [Gyeongbok].

 

In the early 20th century, much of the palace was destroyedby Imperial Japan. Since then, the walled palace complex has been gradually restored to its original form.

 

The Catherine Palace, Sadovaya ulitsa, 7, Pushkin, Russia, 196601 - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Catherine Palace, Sadovaya ulitsa, 7, Pushkin, Russia, 196601

 

The Catherine Palace is a Rococo palace located in the town of Tsarskoye Selo, 25 km southeast of St. Petersburg, Russia.

 

It was the summer residence of the Russian tsars.

Schloss Linderhof (Linderhof Palace), Bavaria, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Linderhof (Linderhof Palace), Bavaria, Germany.

 

Linderhof Palace is located near Ettal Abbey.in Southwest Bavaria.

 

It is the smallest of the three palaces built by King Ludwig II of Bavaria, and the only one he lived to see completed.

 

Changdeokgung, Jongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Changdeokgung, Jongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea

 

Changdeokgung means "Prospering Virtue Palace". The palace is also known as Changdeokgung Palace and Changdeok Palace

 

It is set within a large park and is one of the "Five Grand Palaces" built by the kings of the Joseon Dynasty (1392–1897). It is located east of Gyeongbok Palace, Changdeokgung, along with Changgyeonggung, is also referred to as the "East Palace"

 

Changdeokgung was the favored palace of many Joseon princes and retained many elements dating from the Three Kingdoms of Korea period not incorporated in the more contemporary Gyeongbokgung.

 

Like the other Five Grand Palaces in Seoul, it was heavily damaged during the Japanese occupation of Korea (1910-1945).

The Pena National Palace, São Pedro de Penaferrim, municipality of Sintra, Portugal. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Pena National Palace, São Pedro de Penaferrim, municipality of Sintra, Portugal.

 

The Pena National Palace, in Portuguese the Palácio Nacional da Pena, is a Romanticist palace on the top of a hill above the town of Sintra. On a clear day it can be easily seen from Lisbon

 

It is a national monument andnotable expression of 19th-century Romanticism. The palace is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the Seven Wonders of Portugal.

 

It is also used for state occasions by the President of the Portuguese Republic and by other government officials.

Roofs, Changdeokgung, Jongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Roofs, Changdeokgung, Jongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea

 

Changdeokgung means "Prospering Virtue Palace". The palace is also known as Changdeokgung Palace and Changdeok Palace

 

It is set within a large park and is one of the "Five Grand Palaces" built by the kings of the Joseon Dynasty (1392–1897). It is located east of Gyeongbok Palace, Changdeokgung, along with Changgyeonggung, is also referred to as the "East Palace"

 

Changdeokgung was the favored palace of many Joseon princes and retained many elements dating from the Three Kingdoms of Korea period not incorporated in the more contemporary Gyeongbokgung.

 

Like the other Five Grand Palaces in Seoul, it was heavily damaged during the Japanese occupation of Korea (1910-1945).

Roofs, Changdeokgung, Jongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Roofs, Changdeokgung, Jongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea

 

Changdeokgung means "Prospering Virtue Palace". The palace is also known as Changdeokgung Palace and Changdeok Palace

 

It is set within a large park and is one of the "Five Grand Palaces" built by the kings of the Joseon Dynasty (1392–1897). It is located east of Gyeongbok Palace, Changdeokgung, along with Changgyeonggung, is also referred to as the "East Palace"

 

Changdeokgung was the favored palace of many Joseon princes and retained many elements dating from the Three Kingdoms of Korea period not incorporated in the more contemporary Gyeongbokgung.

 

Like the other Five Grand Palaces in Seoul, it was heavily damaged during the Japanese occupation of Korea (1910-1945).

Tofte Manor, Souldrop Road, Sharnbrook, Bedfordshire MK44 1HH, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Tofte Manor from sunken garden

 

Tofte Manor, Souldrop Road, Sharnbrook, Bedfordshire MK44 1HH, England

Château de Maisons (now Château de Maisons-Laffitte), Maisons-Laffitte, northwestern Paris, department of Yvelines, Île-de-France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Maisons (now Château de Maisons-Laffitte), Maisons-Laffitte, northwestern Paris, department of Yvelines, Île-de-France.

 

Le château de Maisons-Laffitte was designed by François Mansart from 1630 to 1651. It is a prime example of French baroque architecture and a reference point in the history of French architecture.

Guglielmi Castle, Island of sol, Maggiore, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Guglielmi Castle, Island of sol, Maggiore, Italy

 

The Guglielmi castle, or castle Isabella,was built as a summer residence in 1887 by the Marquis of Vulci and Civitavecchia, in agreement with his wife Isabella.

 

He bought the church of St. Francis and the monastery of the Friars Minor and had them incorporated into the new building,

The Palais des Tuileries, Paris, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Palais des Tuileries, Paris, France

 

This illustration shows the Palais des Tuileries in the 17th century

 

The Tuileries Palace was a royal palace in Paris which stood on the right bank of the River Seine. It was the usual Parisian residence of most French monarchs, from Henry IV to Napoleon III. Iit was destroyed in the upheaval of the Paris Commune in 1871.

 

Built in 1564, it was gradually extended until it closed off the western end of the Louvre courtyard and displayed a façade of 266 metres. Since the destruction of the Tuileries, the Louvre courtyard has remained open and the site is now the location of the eastern end of the Tuileries Garden, forming an elevated terrace between the Place du Carrousel and the gardens proper.

Le potager du château de La Roche-Guyon, La Roche-Guyon, Val-d'Oise department, Île-de-France, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Le potager du château de La Roche-Guyon, La Roche-Guyon, Val-d'Oise department, Île-de-France, France.

 

A castle (still standing) was built in the 12th century, controlling a river crossing of the Seine

 

In the mid-13th century, a fortified manor house was added below. Guy de La Roche fell at the Battle of Agincourt, and his widow was ousted from the Roche, after six months of siege, in 1419; she preferred to depart rather than accept Henry Plantagenet as her overlord.

 

The Castle passed to the Liancourt family with the marriage of Roger de Plessis-Liancourt to the heiress Marie de La Roche; he was a childhood companion of Louis XIII, first gentleman of the Chambre du Roi and made a duke in 1643. He and his wife made great changes to the château-bas, opening windows in its structure and laying out the terrace to the east, partly cut into the mountain's steep slope.

The Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso, San Ildefonso, near Segovia, Spain. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso, San Ildefonso, near Segovia, Spain.

 

The Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso in known in Spanish as the Palacio Real de La Granja de San Ildefonso. It is an 18th-century palace, the summer residence of the Kings of Spain from the reign of Philip V.

 

The palace was built in a restrained baroque style, surrounded by extensive gardens in the French manner, with sculptural fountains.

 

It is now open to the public as a museum.

Salon doré at the Château de Malmaison, Rueil-Malmaison, Hauts-de-Seine, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Salon doré at the Château de Malmaison, Rueil-Malmaison, Hauts-de-Seine, France

 

The Château de Malmaison is a country house about 12 km (7 mi) from Paris, formerly the residence of Joséphine de Beauharnais. Along with the Tuileries, it was from 1800 to 1802 the headquarters of the French government.

 

Joséphine de Beauharnais bought the manor house in April 1799 for herself and her husband, General Napoléon Bonaparte, the future Napoléon I of France, who was at that time away fighting the Egyptian Campaign.

Doune Castle, Doune, Stirling district, central Scotland. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Doune Castle, Doune, Stirling district, central Scotland.

 

Doune Castle was originally built in the thirteenth century, then probably damaged in the Scottish Wars of Independence, before being rebuilt in its present form in the late 14th century by Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany (c.1340–1420), the son of King Robert II of Scotland, and Regent of Scotland from 1388 until his death.

 

Duke Robert's stronghold has survived relatively unchanged and complete.

Château de Dampierre-en-Yvelines, Vallée de Chevreuse, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Dampierre-en-Yvelines, Vallée de Chevreuse, France.

 

Built by Jules Hardouin-Mansart in 1675–1683 for the duc de Chevreuse, the Château de Dampierre is a French Baroque château. There are sumptuous interiors.

 

Protected behind double gates, the main block (corps de logis) and its outbuildings, linked by balustrades, are ranged symmetrically around a dry paved and gravelled cour d'honneur.

 

The park with formally shaped water features was laid out by André Le Nôtre. It includes a formal canal and an eighteenth-century garden folly.

Château de Dampierre-en-Yvelines, Vallée de Chevreuse, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Dampierre-en-Yvelines, Vallée de Chevreuse, France.

 

Built by Jules Hardouin-Mansart in 1675–1683 for the duc de Chevreuse, the Château de Dampierre is a French Baroque château. There are sumptuous interiors.

 

Protected behind double gates, the main block (corps de logis) and its outbuildings, linked by balustrades, are ranged symmetrically around a dry paved and gravelled cour d'honneur.

 

The park with formally shaped water features was laid out by André Le Nôtre. It includes a formal canal and an eighteenth-century garden folly.

Château de Dampierre-en-Yvelines, Vallée de Chevreuse, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Dampierre-en-Yvelines, Vallée de Chevreuse, France.

 

Built by Jules Hardouin-Mansart in 1675–1683 for the duc de Chevreuse, the Château de Dampierre is a French Baroque château. There are sumptuous interiors.

 

Protected behind double gates, the main block (corps de logis) and its outbuildings, linked by balustrades, are ranged symmetrically around a dry paved and gravelled cour d'honneur.

 

The park with formally shaped water features was laid out by André Le Nôtre. It includes a formal canal and an eighteenth-century garden folly.

Belvédère supérieur, Vienna, Austria - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Belvédère supérieur, Vienna, Austria

 

The Belvedere is a historic building complex consisting of two Baroque palaces (the Upper and Lower Belvedere), the Orangery, and the Palace Stables. It houses the Belvedere museum.

 

The buildings are set in a Baroque park landscape. The grounds are set on a gentle gradient and include decorative tiered fountains and cascades, Baroque sculptures, and majestic wrought iron gates. The Baroque palace complex was built as a summer residence for Prince Eugene of Savoy.

 

 

The Belvedere was built during a period of extensive construction in Vienna, the imperial capital and home to the ruling Habsburg dynasty. This period of prosperity followed Prince Eugene of Savoy's successful conclusion of a series of wars against the Ottoman Empire.

Marmorsaal, Belvédère supérieur, Vienna, Austria - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Marmorsaal, Belvédère supérieur, Vienna, Austria

 

The Belvedere is a historic building complex consisting of two Baroque palaces (the Upper and Lower Belvedere), the Orangery, and the Palace Stables. It houses the Belvedere museum.

 

The buildings are set in a Baroque park landscape. The grounds are set on a gentle gradient and include decorative tiered fountains and cascades, Baroque sculptures, and majestic wrought iron gates. The Baroque palace complex was built as a summer residence for Prince Eugene of Savoy.

 

 

The Belvedere was built during a period of extensive construction in Vienna, the imperial capital and home to the ruling Habsburg dynasty. This period of prosperity followed Prince Eugene of Savoy's successful conclusion of a series of wars against the Ottoman Empire.

la Salle du Livre d’Or, Palais du Luxembourg, 6th Arrondissement, Paris, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

la Salle du Livre d’Or, Palais du Luxembourg, 6th Arrondissement, Paris, France

 

The palace was built as a royal residence for Marie de Médicis, mother of king Louis XIII of France and of Gaston, duc d'Orléans, near the site of an old hôtel particulier owned by François-Henri de Montmorency, duc de Piney-Luxembourg, which is now called the Palais du Petit-Luxembourg..

 

The Luxembourg Palace is npw the seat of the French Senate.

Hever Castle, Hever, Kent, near Edenbridge,England. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Hever Castle, Hever, Kent, near Edenbridge,England.

 

Hever Castle began as a country house, built in the 13th century.

 

From 1462 to 1539 it was the seat of the 'Bullen', family later known as the Boleyn family. Anne Boleyn, the second queen consort of King Henry VIII of England, spent her early youth there, after her father, Thomas Boleyn had inherited it in 1505.

 

It later came into the possession of King Henry VIII's fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.

 

The castle is now a tourist attraction.

Château du Plessis-Bourré, Écuillé, Maine-et-Loire department, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château du Plessis-Bourré,

Écuillé, Maine-et-Loire department, France.

 

The Château du Plessis-Bourré is a château in the Loire Valley, built in less than 5 years from 1468 to 1472 by Finance Minister Jean Bourré, principal advisor to King Louis XI.

 

The château has not been modified externally since its construction and still has a fully working drawbridge

 

It was classified as a Monument historique in 1931.

 

The Château du Plessis-Bourré has been the location setting for numerous films.

Château du Plessis-Bourré, Écuillé, Maine-et-Loire department, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château du Plessis-Bourré,

Écuillé, Maine-et-Loire department, France.

 

The Château du Plessis-Bourré is a château in the Loire Valley, built in less than 5 years from 1468 to 1472 by Finance Minister Jean Bourré, principal advisor to King Louis XI.

 

The château has not been modified externally since its construction and still has a fully working drawbridge

 

It was classified as a Monument historique in 1931.

 

The Château du Plessis-Bourré has been the location setting for numerous films.

Château du Plessis-Bourré, Écuillé, Maine-et-Loire department, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château du Plessis-Bourré,

Écuillé, Maine-et-Loire department, France.

 

The Château du Plessis-Bourré is a château in the Loire Valley, built in less than 5 years from 1468 to 1472 by Finance Minister Jean Bourré, principal advisor to King Louis XI.

 

The château has not been modified externally since its construction and still has a fully working drawbridge

 

It was classified as a Monument historique in 1931.

 

The Château du Plessis-Bourré has been the location setting for numerous films.

The Château de Langeais, Indre-et-Loire, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château de Langeais, Indre-et-Loire, France.

 

The Château de Langeais is a medieval castle, rebuilt as a country house, sited on a promontory created by the small valley of the Roumer River at the opening to the Loire Valley.

 

Founded in 992 by Fulk Nerra, Count of Anjou, the castle was soon attacked by Odo I, Count of Blois. After the unsuccessful attack, the ruined stone keep was built and is now one of the earliest datable examples of a stone keep.

 

After it was destroyed during the Hundred Years' War, King Louis XI (1461–1483) rebuilt the château as what today is one of the best known examples of late medieval architecture. It is noted for its monumental and highly decorated chimneypieces.

 

Restored in the late 19th century, the Château de Langeais came under the control of the Institut de France, who own the site today. It is listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture and is open to the public.

 

The Château de Langeais, Indre-et-Loire, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château de Langeais, Indre-et-Loire, France,

 

The Château de Langeais is a medieval castle, rebuilt as a country house, sited on a promontory created by the small valley of the Roumer River at the opening to the Loire Valley.

 

Founded in 992 by Fulk Nerra, Count of Anjou, the castle was soon attacked by Odo I, Count of Blois. After the unsuccessful attack, the ruined stone keep was built and is now one of the earliest datable examples of a stone keep.

 

After it was destroyed during the Hundred Years' War, King Louis XI (1461–1483) rebuilt the château as what today is one of the best known examples of late medieval architecture. It is noted for its monumental and highly decorated chimneypieces.

 

Restored in the late 19th century, the Château de Langeais came under the control of the Institut de France, who own the site today. It is listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture and is open to the public.

Floor, The Château de Langeais, Indre-et-Loire, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Floor, The Château de Langeais, Indre-et-Loire, France.

 

The Château de Langeais is a medieval castle, rebuilt as a country house, sited on a promontory created by the small valley of the Roumer River at the opening to the Loire Valley.

 

Founded in 992 by Fulk Nerra, Count of Anjou, the castle was soon attacked by Odo I, Count of Blois. After the unsuccessful attack, the ruined stone keep was built and is now one of the earliest datable examples of a stone keep.

 

After it was destroyed during the Hundred Years' War, King Louis XI (1461–1483) rebuilt the château as what today is one of the best known examples of late medieval architecture. It is noted for its monumental and highly decorated chimneypieces.

 

Restored in the late 19th century, the Château de Langeais came under the control of the Institut de France, who own the site today. It is listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture and is open to the public.

Interior, Château de Pau, Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 
              France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Interior, Château de Pau, Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France

 

The Château de Pau is a castle in the centre of Pau, the capital of Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Béarn. The château is located in the centre of Pau and dominates that quarter of the city

 

King Henry IV of France and Navarre was born here on December 13, 1553. The castle has a small garden that was tended by Marie Antoinette when she spent much of the summer in the city. The castle was used by Napoleon as a holiday home during his period of power.

 

The castle is classified as a Monument historique since 1840 by the French Ministry of Culture. The castle contains a collection of tapestries.

Interior, Château de Pau, Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 
              France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Interior, Château de Pau, Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France

 

The Château de Pau is a castle in the centre of Pau, the capital of Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Béarn. The château is located in the centre of Pau and dominates that quarter of the city

 

The castle is classified as a Monument historique since 1840 by the French Ministry of Culture. The castle contains a collection of tapestries.

Interior, Château de Pau, Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 
              France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

la carapace de tortue ayant servi de berceau au roi Henri IV

 

Interior, Château de Pau, Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France

 

The Château de Pau is a castle in the centre of Pau, the capital of Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Béarn. The château is located in the centre of Pau and dominates that quarter of the city

 

The castle is classified as a Monument historique since 1840 by the French Ministry of Culture. The castle contains a collection of tapestries.

Château de Goulaine, Loire Valley, near Nantes, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Goulaine, Loire Valley, near Nantes, France.

 

The Château de Goulaine is a former château-fort or castle, now a country house.

 

The Goulaine family ownership of the estate continued uninterrupted until 1788 when it was sold to a Dutch banker. This saved the château from destruction during the French Revolution. In 1858, a member of the Goulaine family reacquired the estate and maintains it today.

 

Apart from this this break, the château has been home to the family of the Marquis de Goulaine for over a thousand y ears.

Château de Goulaine, Loire Valley, near Nantes, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Goulaine, Loire Valley, near Nantes, France.

 

Coats of arms do not come more prestigious than this: England dimidiated with France ancient

Château de Durtal, Durtal, Maine-et-Loire, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Durtal, Durtal, Maine-et-Loire, France

 

The château was classé as a monument historique en 1900.

Château de Durtal, Durtal, Maine-et-Loire, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Durtal, Durtal, Maine-et-Loire, France

 

The château was classé as a monument historique en 1900.

Stordalen Castle, Sweden - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Stordalen Castle, Sweden

 

Side View

Stordalen Castle, Sweden - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Stordalen Castle, Sweden

 

Side View

Château de Monbazillac, Dordogne, Aquitane, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Monbazillac, Dordogne, Aquitane, France.

 

Pernštejn Castle, above the village of Nedvedice, northwest of Brno, in the South Moravian Region, Czech Republic. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Pernštejn Castle, above the village of Nedvedice, northwest of Brno, in the South Moravian Region, Czech Republic.

 

Pernštejn (Czech: hrad Pernštejn) came to be known as the marble castle because of the marble-like stone used to frame the doors and windows.

 

The castle was founded by the Lords of Medlov probably between 1270–1285. Its history is closely connected to the Lords of Pernštejn (Pernštejnové) and their descendants. It has kept its intact appearance in the Gothic and Renaissance form as it was finished in the first half of the 16th century by the Pernštejns, then the richest and most powerful lordly family of the Czech kingdom.

 

It has the most extraordinary entrance tower.

 

Pernštejn is one of the best preserved castles in Czech Republic.

Pernštejn Castle, above the village of Nedvedice, northwest of Brno, in the South Moravian Region, Czech Republic. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Pernštejn Castle, above the village of Nedvedice, northwest of Brno, in the South Moravian Region, Czech Republic.

 

Pernštejn (Czech: hrad Pernštejn) came to be known as the marble castle because of the marble-like stone used to frame the doors and windows.

 

The castle was founded by the Lords of Medlov probably between 1270–1285. Its history is closely connected to the Lords of Pernštejn (Pernštejnové) and their descendants. It has kept its intact appearance in the Gothic and Renaissance form as it was finished in the first half of the 16th century by the Pernštejns, then the richest and most powerful lordly family of the Czech kingdom.

 

It has the most extraordinary entrance tower.

 

Pernštejn is one of the best preserved castles in Czech Republic.

Alcazar, Seville, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Alcazar, Seville, Spain

 

The Alcázar of Seville is known in Spanish as the "Reales Alcázares de Sevilla" litterally the Royal Alcazars of Seville,

 

It is a royal palace, originally a Moorish fort. It is the oldest royal palace still in use in Europe, and it was registered in 1987 by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

 

The Almohades were the first to build a palace, which was called Al-Muwarak, on the site of the modern day Alcázar. The palace is one of the best remaining examples of mudéjar architecture. Subsequent monarchs made their own additions to the Alcázar.

 

The upper levels of the Alcázar are still used by the royal family as the official Seville residence and are administered by the Patrimonio Nacional.

Castle of Bourtzi, Harbour of Nafplio, Greece - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castle of Bourtzi, Harbour of Nafplio, Greece

 

The Venetians completed its fortification here in 1473 to protect the city from pirates and invaders from the sea.

 

The Greeks regained it from the Turks on June 18, 1822, from where they assisted in the siege of Nafplio.

 

Until 1865 it served as a fortress. It was then transformed into residence of the executioners of convicts from the castle of Palamidi.

 

From 1930 to 1970, it served as a hotel. Since then it has been a tourist attraction..

Chapel roof, The Château de Roquetaillade, Mazères (near Bordeaux), Gironde, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Chapel roof, The Château de Roquetaillade, Mazères (near Bordeaux), Gironde, France

 

Charlemagne, built the first fortification there on his way to the Pyrenees with Roland, but nothing remains of this structure except but imposing ruins.

 

In 1306, with the permission of the English King Edward I, Cardinal de la Mothe, nephew of Pope Clement V built a second fortress (le Château Neuf), square in plan with six towers and a central keep. This structure was restored by Viollet-le-Duc and one of his pupils, Duthoit, between 1850 and 1870. The extraordinary interior decorations, with its furnishings and paintings, were created by Viollet-le-Duc.

.

The castle has been lived in by the same family for over 700 years. Its park includes remains of the medieval curtain wall with the barbican, the Pesquey stream and its banks, the 19th century chalet, and the Crampet pigeoniere.

Château de Pau, Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Pau, Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France

 

The Château de Pau is a castle in the centre of Pau, the capital of Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Béarn. The château is located in the centre of Pau and dominates that quarter of the city

 

King Henry IV of France and Navarre was born here on December 13, 1553. The castle has a small garden that was tended by Marie Antoinette when she spent much of the summer in the city. The castle was used by Napoleon as a holiday home during his period of power.

 

The castle is classified as a Monument historique since 1840 by the French Ministry of Culture. The castle contains a collection of tapestries.

Amarah Palace, Najran, Aba Al Saud Historical Area, Saudi Arabia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Amarah Palace, Najran, Aba Al Saud Historical Area, Saudi Arabia

 

Amarah or Emara Palace is a daub castle located in the central ancient city in Najran. It is a good example of the traditional architecture of the region.

 

The castle was built from daub (mud & straw) with its foundations built of stones. It is composed of 65 rooms and housed the local governor and his deputy and personal companions (khawis). The building takes the shape of a classic castle with high rectangular walls and round guard towers at the four corners. Inside (shown in the photo) is a well which dates back to pre-Islamic age.

Château de la Balue, La Balue, 35560 Bazouges-la-Pérouse, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de la Balue

La Balue, 35560 Bazouges-la-Pérouse, France

 

The 17th century château stands between Saint-Malo and Mont-Saint-Michel, in a landscape of rolling hills and forests, and not far from the Atlantic coastline. It is a French historical monument known for its beautiful gardens and for the many literary celebrities who have stayed there.

Kumbhalgarh Fort, Rajsamand District, Rajasthan state, India. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Kumbhalgarh Fort, Rajsamand District, Rajasthan state, India.

 

Kumbhalgarh is a Mewar fortress and World Heritage Site included in Hill Forts of Rajasthan. Built during the course of the 15th century by Rana Kumbha and enlarged through the 19th century.

 

Occupied until the late 19th century, the fort is now open to the public and is spectacularly lit for a few minutes each evening.

 

(According to an uncle of the present Mararana of Udaipur, it was designed to allow four hoursemen to ride abreast around the walls (The steps are more recent))

Harewood House, Harewood near Leeds, West Yorkshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Yellow Drawing Room circa 1759.

 

Harewood House

Harewood near Leeds, West Yorkshire, England

 

Harewood House is a country house idesigned by architects John Carr and Robert Adam. It was built from 1759 to 1771 for Edwin Lascelles, 1st Baron Harewood.

 

Much of the furniture is by the eighteenth-century English furniture designer Thomas Chippendale, who came from nearby Otley.

 

Lancelot "Capability" Brown designed the grounds to which Sir Charles Barry added a grand terrace, in 1844. Artists Thomas Girtin and JMW Turner stayed at the house many times, painting the house itself and also the surrounding countryside and landmarks owned by the Harewood Estate.

 

The house is still home to the Lascelles family. It is a Grade I listed building; with a number of features in the grounds and courtyard also listed as Grade I, II and II*

The Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes, on the island of Rhodes in Greece. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

The Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes, on the island of Rhodes in Greece.

 

The Palace is one of the few examples of Gothic architecture in Greece. It was previously a citadel of the Knights Hospitaller and functioned as a palace, headquarters and fortress.

 

The present palace was built in the early 14th century by the Knights of Rhodes, who controlled Rhodes and other Greek islands from 1309 to 1522, to house the Grand Master of the Order.

 

After the island was captured by the Ottoman Empire, the palace continued to be used as a command center and fortress.

Side view, Château Villette, Condécourt, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Side view

Château Villette

Condécourt, France

 

Château Villette is a manor house hotel located 40 minutes away from Paris. It has numerous outbuildings including a chapel and adjacent reception room, horse stable and greenhouse.

 

More than 185 acres (0.75 km2) of garden were designed by Le Nôtre and spread out behind the château in the central axis with two rectangular lakes filled with birds and fish,

 

In the film Da Vinci Code, it iwas the home of Sir Leigh Teabing.

Castle Howard, North Yorkshire, England. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

 

Castle Howard, North Yorkshire, England.

 

Castle Howard is not a castle, but an English country house erected on the site of a former military castle. It is located 15 miles (24 km) north of York. It is a private residence, and has been the home of the Howard family for more than 300 years.

 

Castle Howard was built between 1699 and 1712 to a design by Sir John Vanbrugh for the 3rd Earl of Carlisle. The site was that of the ruined Henderskelfe Castle, which had come into the Howard family in 1566 through the marriage to Lord Dacre's widow of Thomas, 4th Duke of Norfolk.

 

The house is surrounded by a large estate which, at the time of the 7th Earl of Carlisle, covered over 13,000 acres (5,300 ha). The estate was served by its own railway station, Castle Howard, from 1845 to the 1950s.

 

Castle Howard is familiar to television and film audiences as the fictional "Brideshead", both in Granada Television's 1981 adaptation of Evelyn Waugh's Brideshead Revisited and a two-hour 2008 remake for cinema

Burghausen, Upper Bavaria, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burghausen, Upper Bavaria, Germany

 

Burghausen Castle in Burghausen, Upper Bavaria, is the longest castle complex in Europe (1,043 m).

 

The gothic castle comprises the main castle with the inner courtyard and five outer courtyards. The outermost point of the main castle is the Palas with the ducal private rooms. Today it houses the castle museum, including late Gothic paintings of the Bavarian State Picture Collection. On the town side of the main castle next to the donjon are the gothic inner Chapel of St. Elizabeth (1255) and the Dürnitz (knights' hall) with its two vaulted halls. Opposite the Dürnitz are the wings of the Duchess' residence.

Palais de l'Isle, Annecy, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Palais de l'Isle, Annecy, France

 

The Palais de l'Isle is a castle in the Thiou canal, built in 1132. It was the primary residence of the Lord of Annecy as early as the 12th century, and later became the Count of Geneva's administrative headquarters.

 

Later it became a courthouse, a mint, and finally a jail from the Middle Ages until 1865, and then again during World War II.

 

The Palais de l'Ile was classified as a Historical Monument in 1900, and today houses a local history museum.

Castello Svevo (Swabian Castle), Bari, Apulia, Italy. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

The Castello Svevo (Swabian Castle), Bari, Apulia, Italy.

 

Probably built in 1132 by Norman King Roger II, it was destroyed in 1156 by king William I of Sicily and rebuilt and reinforced in 1233 by the Holy Roman emperor Fredrick II. During the Angevin domination, it went through several transformation, and after being acquired by Duke Ferdinand of Aragon, was donated to the Sforza family and passed to Bona Sforza, Queen of Poland. After Bona's death, it was returned under the King of Naples and transformed into a prison and barracks.

 

Its present appearance is distinctly 17th century

Château de Champs, Champs-sur-Marne, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Champs

Champs-sur-Marne, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France

 

The Château de Champs was built in its present form in 1699 for the treasurer Charles Renouard de la Touaneby by Pierre Bullet, architecte du roi.

 

Around 1750, a beautiful rococo salon chinois (Chinese salon) was added to the château with wall paintings by noted artist Christophe Huet.

 

Louis César entertained many of famous writers here, including Diderot, Voltaire, d'Alembert and François-Augustin de Paradis de Moncrif.

Wasserschloss Haus Bodelschwingh, Mengede, Dortmund, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Wasserschloss Haus Bodelschwingh

Mengede, Dortmund, Germany

 

Wasserschloss Haus Bodelschwingh (Bodelschwingh Castle) is a moated castle, built in the 13th century by the family of Bodelschwingh (it is now owned by the family Knyphausen)

 

Bodelschwinghstraße castle is located near to the water tower house Dellwig and the moated castle Haus Rodenberg the largest and most important water castle in Dortmund.

 

Near the castle there developed a settlement which kept its independence until 1928. Today, the district of Bodelschwingh belongs to the municipality of Mengede.

 

The castle is registered as a historic landmark in the list of monuments of the city of Dortmund.

Castel dell'Ovo ["Egg castle"], Via Eldorado, 3 80132 Naples, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castel dell'Ovo ["Egg castle"]

Via Eldorado, 3 80132 Naples, Italy

 

Castel dell'Ovo is located on the former island of Megaride, now a peninsula, in the gulf of Naples.

Castello delle Albere, Trento, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castello delle Albere

Trento, Italy

 

Castello delle Albere or Palazzo delle Albere is a Renaissance villa-fortress in northern Italy. It was built during the 16th century by the Madruzzo family of prince-bishops of Trento.

 

It takes its name (literally "Palace of the trees ") from the rows of poplars that once led to the castle. It has a square plan, with four square, 6 m-wide and 20 m tall corner towers, surrounded by a ditch. It is surrounded by a park.

 

The third floor has Renaissance frescoes, depicting imaginary landscapes with ruins and castles, as well as the seven Liberal arts, the four Cardinal virtues and the three Theological virtues.

 

According the legend, the castle was connected by a secret tunnel to the city's cathedral, which was used by the prince-bishops move unseen between them. Since 1987, it has been the seat of the Trento and Rovereto Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art (MART).

Château du Lude, Le Lude, Sarthe department, Pays-de-la-Loire - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château du Lude

Le Lude, Sarthe department, Pays-de-la-Loire

 

The Château du Lude is one of the many great châteaux of the Loire Valley and stands at the crossroads of Anjou, Maine and Touraine.

 

Le Lude is an old stronghold transformed into an elegant house during the Renaissance and the 18th century. It has been inhabited by the same family for the last 260 years.

 

The Château gardens have evolved throughout the centuries, with an English style landscape, a rose garden, topiaries, a labyrinth and a botanical walk.

Bamburgh Castle, Bamburgh, Northumberland, England.  - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bamburgh Castle

Bamburgh, Northumberland, England.

 

Built on a dolerite outcrop, on the coast, the location was previously the site of a fort of the native Britons known as Din Guarie and may have been the capital of the local British kingdom from the realm's foundation in c.420 until 547. In that year the citadel was captured by the Anglo-Saxon ruler Ida of Bernicia (Beornice) and became Ida's seat. It was briefly retaken by the Britons from his son Hussa during the war of 590 before being relieved later the same year.

 

The Normans built a new castle on the site, which forms the core of the present one. William II unsuccessfully besieged it in 1095 during a revolt supported by its owner, Robert de Mowbray, Earl of Northumbria. After Robert was captured, his wife continued the defence until forced to surrender by the king's threat to blind her husband. Bamburgh then became the property of the reigning English monarch.

 

The castle now belongs to the Armstrong family, and is opened to the public. It has been used as a film location since the 1920s, featuring in films such as Ivanhoe (1952), El Cid (1961), Mary, Queen of Scots (1971), and Elizabeth (1998).It is a Grade I listed building.

Arteaga Tower, Biscay, Basque Country, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Arteaga Tower, Biscay, Basque Country, Spain

 

The Arteaga Tower is a medieval castle rebuilt in the 19th Century for the French empress Eugénie de Montijo

 

Napoleon III and Eugenia de Montijo had it rebuilt when their son was proclaimed an honorary citizen of Biscay.

The Château de Biron, Biron, Dordogne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château de Biron

Biron, Dordogne, France

 

The Château de Biron is a large castle in the valley of the Lède. This photograph shows just one small tower.

 

It was the castle from which the Gontaut-Biron took their name. It was their seat from the twelfth century. Biron was seized by Simon IV de Montfort in 1212 from forces sypathetic to the Cathars.

 

The Plantagenets held it at times during the 14th and 15th centuries. Biron was erected as a duché-pairie in 1598, for Charles de Gontaut, created duc de Biron.

 

The present château bears additions over the centuries: notably a twelfth-century keep and sixteenth-century living quarters and vaulted kitchens.

 

Since 1928, it has been listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture. The local commune purchased the Château de Biron in 1978, with a view to restoring it as a tourist attraction.

Castillo de Loarre, Loarre, Huesca. Spain. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castillos de Monzón y Loarre

Loarre, Huesca. Spain.

 

The Loarre castle complex was built largely during the 11th and 12th centuries, when its position on the frontier between Christian and Muslim lands gave it strategic importance.

 

The first of the two major building programs began ca. 1020, when Sancho el Mayor (r. 1063–94) reconquered the surrounding lands from the Muslims. At least three towers, two of which survive, the Homage tower (Torre del Homenaje) and the "Tower of the Queen" (Torre de la Reina), are attributed to this campaign.

 

The Homage tower was built in an isolated position in front of the fortifications, to which it was connected by a wooden bridge. The Torre de la Reinahas both Lombard and Mozarabic architectural forms.

Arteaga Tower, Biscay, Basque Country, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Arteaga Tower, Biscay, Basque Country, Spain

 

The Arteaga Tower is a medieval castle rebuilt in the 19th Century for the French empress Eugénie de Montijo Napoleon III and Eugenia de Montijo had it rebuilt when their son was proclaimed an honorary citizen of Biscay.

The Château de Courances, Courances, Essonne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

The Château de Courances, Courances, Essonne, France

 

The Château de Courances is a French château built in around 1630, at the western edge of the Forest of Fontainebleau.

Château d'Amboise, Amboise, Indre-et-Loire département, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château d'Amboise

Amboise, Indre-et-Loire département, France

 

The royal Château at Amboise is a fortress in the Loire Valley. Confiscated by the monarchy in the 15th century, it became a favoured royal residence and was extensively rebuilt. King Charles VIII died at the château in 1498 after hitting his head on a door lintel.

 

The château fell into decline from the second half of the 16th century and the majority of the interior buildings were later demolished. Some survived and have been restored, along with the outer defensive circuit of towers and walls.

 

It has been recognised as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1840.

Castelul Bran (Bran Castle), Str. General Traian Mosoiu 24, Bran 507025, (near Brasov), Romania - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castelul Bran (Bran Castle)

Str. General Traian Mosoiu 24, Bran 507025, (near Brasov), Romania

 

Bran Castle is a national monument and landmark in Romania, situated on the border between Transylvania and Wallachia. Commonly known as "Dracula's Castle", it is one among several locations linked to the Dracula legend.

 

The castle is now a museum open to tourists, displaying art and furniture collected by Princess Marie of Edinburgh aka Queen Marie of Romania.

Ardverikie Castle, Kinlochlaggan, Newtonmore, PH20 1BX, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ardverikie Castle

Kinlochlaggan, Newtonmore, PH20 1BX, Scotland

 

Ardverikie House, built in the Scottish baronial style in 1870, is a private hous in the Highlands. It sits on a promontory overlooking King Fergus's Island with its ancient ruins. Its three mile private drive winds past the largest inland beach in the country and round the loch.

 

The house played host to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert for a month before they bought Balmoral.

 

It features in BBC's series Monarch of the Glenn.

Castel del Monte (Castle of the Mount), Andria, Apulia region, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castel del Monte (Castle of the Mount)

Andria, Apulia region, Italy

 

Castel del Monte is a 13th-century citadel and castle standing on a promontory. It was constructed during the 1240s by the Emperor Frederick II, who had inherited the lands from his mother, Constance of Sicily.

 

It has neither a moat nor a drawbridge leading some to conclude that it was never intended as a defensive fortress; On the other hand, archaeological work has suggested that it originally had a curtain wall, so what we see today might be just the keep of the original structure.

 

The Castel del MonteIt is a World Heritage Site, and appears on the Italian version of the one-cent euro coin.

Alcazar, Segovia, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Alcazar

Segovia, Spain

 

The Alcázar of Segovia (literally, Segovia Castle) is a stone fortification, rising out on a rocky crag above the confluence of the rivers Eresma and Clamores near the Guadarrama mountains. It is one of the most distinctive castle-palaces in Spain, shaped like the bow of a ship.

 

The Alcázar of Segovia, like many fortifications in Spain , started off as an Arab fort, which itself was built on a Roman fort but little of that structure remains.

 

It has served as a royal palace, a state prison, a Royal Artillery College and a military academy since Moorish times.

Château de Vincennes, Avenue de Paris, 94300 Vincennes, Val-de-Marne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Vincennes

Avenue de Paris, 94300 Vincennes, Val-de-Marne

France

 

The Château de Vincennes is a massive 14th and 17th century French royal castle now in a a suburb of the metropolis.

 

This donjon, 52 meters high, was the tallest medieval fortified structure of Europe.

Château de Lassay, Lassay-les-Châteaux, Mayenne, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Lassay

Lassay-les-Châteaux, Mayenne, France.

 

The original castrum or castellum here, built in the early years of the twelfth century, was probably a motte and bailey castle.

 

The present Château de Lassay was classified as a monument historique in 1862 and is still a private residence.

Château de Champlâtreux, Epinay-Champlâtreux, Val-d’Oise, Île-de-Franc, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Champlâtreux

Epinay-Champlâtreux, Val-d’Oise, Île-de-France, France.

 

The Château de Champlâtreux was built between 1751 and 1757 by the architect Jean-Michel Chevotet.

 

It is classified as a Monument Historique

Alcazar, Segovia, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Alcazar, Segovia, Spain

 

The Alcázar of Segovia (literally, Segovia Castle) is a stone fortification, rising out on a rocky crag above the confluence of the rivers Eresma and Clamores near the Guadarrama mountains.

 

It is one of the most distinctive castle-palaces in Spain, shaped like the bow of a ship.

 

The Alcázar of Segovia, like many fortifications in Spain , started off as an Arab fort, which itself was built on a Roman fort but little of that structure remains. It has served as a royal palace, a state prison, a Royal Artillery College and a military academy since Moorish times.

Chateau de Val, Les Fontilles, 15270 Lanobre, Cantal, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

château de Val, Les Fontilles, 15270 Lanobre, Cantal, France

 

The Château is located on the shore of the Lake Bort-les-Orgues

 

It is classé as a Monument historique

Château de la Servayrie, Mouret, Marcillac-Vallon, Rodez, Aveyron, Midi-Pyrénées, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de la Servayrie,

Mouret, Marcillac-Vallon, Rodez, Aveyron, Midi-Pyrénées, France.

Minaret of Great Mosque, Samarra, Iraq - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Minaret of Great Mosque, Samarra, Iraq

 

The Great Mosque of Samarra was a 9th-century mosque commissioned in 848 and completed in 851 by the Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil.

 

The Great Mosque of Samarra was at one time the largest mosque in the world; its minaret, the Malwiya Tower, is a vast spiralling cone 52 meters high and 33 meters wide with a spiral ramp.

 

The mosque was destroyed in 1278 CE after the Hulagu Khan invasion of Iraq. Today, only the outer wall and its minaret remain.

Paro Taktsang, located in the cliffside of the upper Paro valley, Bhutan - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Paro Taktsang

located in the cliffside of the upper Paro valley, Bhutan

 

Paro Taktsang is an alternative name for what is properly known as the Taktsang Palphug Monastery, known in English as the Tiger's Nest). It is a prominent Himalayan Buddhist sacred site and temple complex. A temple complex was first built in 1692, around the Taktsang Senge Samdup cave where Padmasambhava, a noted Guru, is said to have meditated in the 8th century.

 

Padmasambhava is credited with introducing Buddhism to Bhutan and is the tutelary deity of the country.

Château de Combourg, Ille-et-Vilaine, Brittany, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Combourg

Ille-et-Vilaine, Brittany, France

 

Privately owned, the Château de Combourg stands on a small hill next to Lac Tranquille in the town of Comburg. The original castle here was built around 1025 by Archbishop Guinguené, who gave it to his illegitimate brother Riwallon.

 

Alterations were made between the 15th and 19th centuries.

 

The castle now consists of four large, powerful rectangular buildings of dressed granite, with crenellations, machicolations, and roofs, enclosing a rectangular courtyard. In each corner is a round tower, also with crenellations and machicolations, and with conical roofs.

Château de Vufflens (Vufflens Castle), Vufflens-le-Château, Vaud, Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Vufflens (Vufflens Castle)

Vufflens-le-Château, Vaud, Switzerland

 

A castle was built here in 1425 by Henri de Colombier on the site of a previous medieval castle. Of Henri Colombier's structure, the donjon, several towers, outbuildings, curtain wall and the gate-house survive.

 

In 1641 it was acquired by the de Senarclens family. .

 

Today the castle is a Swiss heritage site of national significance. It is currently privately owned and cannot be visited by the general public.

 

 

Grand Gallery, Strawberry Hill House, Twickenham, London - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Grand Gallery

Strawberry Hill House

Twickenham, London

 

Strawberry Hill House, often referred to simply as Strawberry Hill, is the Gothic Revival villa built by Horace Walpole from 1749. It as so influential that is the exemplar of a style known as "Strawberry Hill Gothic". It prefigured the nineteenth-century Gothic revival.

 

Walpole rebuilt the existing house in stages in 1749, 1760, 1772 and 1776. He progressively added gothic features such as towers and battlements outside and elaborate decoration inside to create "gloomth" to suit his collection of antiquarian objects.

 

After a £9 million, two-year-long restoration, Strawberry Hill House reopened to the public in 2010

Château de Vufflens (Vufflens Castle), Vufflens-le-Château, Vaud, Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Vufflens (Vufflens Castle),

Vufflens-le-Château, Vaud, Switzerland

 

A castle was built here in 1425 by Henri de Colombier on the site of a previous medieval castle. Of Henri Colombier's structure, the donjon, several towers, outbuildings, curtain wall and the gate-house survive.

 

In 1641 it was acquired by the de Senarclens family. .

 

Today the castle is a Swiss heritage site of national significance. It is currently privately owned and cannot be visited by the general public.

 

Trausnitz Castle, Landshut, Bavaria, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Trausnitz Castle

Landshut, Bavaria, Germany

 

Trausnitz Castle is a medieval castle founded in 1204 by Duke Ludwig I. It was the home of the Wittelsbach dynasty, and served as their ducal residence for Lower Bavaria from 1255–1503, and later as the seat of the hereditary rulers of the whole of Bavaria (including of course King Ludwig II of Bavaria)

 

(This photograph shows just one corner of the palacial structure)

Musée National, Château de Pau, Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Musée National

Château de Pau

Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France

 

The Château de Pau is a castle in the centre of Pau, the capital of Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Béarn. The château is located in the centre of Pau and dominates that quarter of the city

 

King Henry IV of France and Navarre was born here on December 13, 1553. The castle has a small garden that was tended by Marie Antoinette when she spent much of the summer in the city. The castle was used by Napoleon as a holiday home during his period of power.

 

The castle is classified as a Monument historique since 1840 by the French Ministry of Culture. The castle now contains a collection of tapestries.

Tarasp Castle, Lower Engadin, Graubünden, Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Tarasp Castle

Lower Engadin, Graubünden, Switzerland

 

Chastè da Tarasp (Tarasp Castle or in German, Schloss Tarasp) sits on a hill top near Tarasp.

 

Located in the Romansh speaking area of Switerland, it is a Swiss heritage site of national significance.

Château de Najac, Najac, Aveyron département, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Château de Najac

Najac, Aveyron département, France.

 

The the royal fortress of Najac was built in 1253 on the orders of Alphonse de Poitiers, brother of Saint Louis, on the site of a square tower built in 1100 by Bertrand of St Gilles, son of Raymond IV, Count of Toulouse before the area was annexed by France.

 

The castle is built at the summit of a hill formed by a loop of the river.

 

The castle holds a world record for its 6.80 metre high archères (arrow loops), designed to allow use by three archers at the same time. A secret corridor, hidden within the walls, links the Romanesque tower to the chapel of the keep.

 

Najac has been near major events including, the Albigensian Crusade, the Hundred Years' War, the imprisonment of the Knights Templar, the peasants' revolts, and the French Revolution.

 

The castle has been listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1925.

Fyvie Castle, Fyvie, near Turriff, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Fyvie Castle

Fyvie, near Turriff, Aberdeenshire, Scotland.

 

The earliest parts of Fyvie Castle date from the 13th century - some sources claim it was built in 1211 by William the Lion. Fyvie was the site of an open-air court held by Robert the Bruce. Charles I lived there as a child.

 

Inside, the castle stronghold features a great wheel stair, a display of original arms and armour, and a collection of portraits.

 

The Scottish industrialist Alexander Leith (later Baron Leith of Fyvie) bought the castle in 1885. It was sold to the National Trust for Scotland by his descendants in 1984.

Château de Suscinio (or de Susinio), Sarzeau, Morbihan, Brittany, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Suscinio (or de Susinio)

Sarzeau, Morbihan, Brittany, France

 

Built in the late Middle Ages as the residence of the Dukes of Brittany.

 

The Château de Suscinio dates from the beginning of the 13th century. It was enlarged at the end of 14th century, when the heirs of the duchy were fighting to keep their possessions (Brittany was not annexed by France until 1514).

 

From 1471 to 1483, the castle was home to Jasper Tudor, Henry Tudor (later King Henry VII of England), and the core of their group of exiled Lancastrians, numbering about 500 by 1483. Duke Francis II supported this group of exiles against Plantagenet demands for their surrender.

Schloss Greyerz / Château de Gruyères), Rue du Château 8, 1663 Gruyères, Fribourg, Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Greyerz / Château de Gruyères)

Rue du Château 8, 1663 Gruyères, Fribourg, Switzerland

 

The Castle is one of the most famous in Switzerland.

A tower, Château de Durtal, Durtal, Maine-et-Loire, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Durtal,

Durtal, Maine-et-Loire, France.

 

Thie photograph shows one tower.

 

The château was classé as a monument historique en 1900.

Montal Castle, Saint-Jean-Lespinasse, Lot, Midi-Pyrénées, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Montal Castle

Saint-Jean-Lespinasse, Lot, Midi-Pyrénées, France

 

The Château de Montal, situated in the vallée de la Bave, is a Renaissance château with two wings flanking the courtyard. It has three round and one square tower.

 

It was classified as historical monument in 1909.

Fort-la-Latte (Castle of La Latte), Fréhel, Côtes-d'Armor, Brittany, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Fort-la-Latte (Castle of La Latte)

Fréhel, Côtes-d'Armor, Brittany, France

 

Fort-la-Latte is located about 4 km southeast of Cap Fréhel and about 35 km west of Saint-Malo. The castle was built on the Baie de la Fresnaye in the 13th century.

 

Various films have been shot at this site, including The Vikings (1958). The main tower was used in a scene in Ridley Scott's documentary film Life in a Day (2011).

 

The castle has been classified as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1925. It is a tourist attraction on the Cote d'Émeraude.

Château de Beaumesnil, Beaumesnil, Normandy, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Beaumesnil

Beaumesnil, Normandy, France.

 

Château de Beaumesnil is a 17th-century Louis XIII baroque style château built on the site of a medieval castle of the same name (and retaining its moat).

 

It is now an historical monument of France.

Château de Suscinio (or de Susinio), Sarzeau, Morbihan, Brittany, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Suscinio (or de Susinio)

Sarzeau, Morbihan, Brittany, France

 

Built in the late Middle Ages as the residence of the Dukes of Brittany.

 

The Château de Suscinio dates from the beginning of the 13th century. It was enlarged at the end of 14th century, when the heirs of the duchy were fighting to keep their possessions (Brittany was not annexed by France until 1514).

 

From 1471 to 1483, the castle was home to Jasper Tudor, Henry Tudor (later King Henry VII of England), and the core of their group of exiled Lancastrians, numbering about 500, by 1483. Duke Francis II supported this group of exiles against Plantagenet demands for their surrender.

Château de La Roche, Saint-Priest-la-Roche, Loire département, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de La Roche

Saint-Priest-la-Roche, Loire département, France

 

The castle stands on an island in the lake formed by the Villerest dam. It was built on a rocky platform overlooking the Loire river from a height of 30 metres. During the 1930s, the construction project for the Villerest dam by EDF condemned the château to disappear below the water. It was bought for a symbolic one franc by the commune, and is now situated on an island.

Château de Chenonceau, Chenonceau, Indre-et-Loire, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Chenonceau

Chenonceau, Indre-et-Loire, France

 

The estate of Chenonceau is first mentioned in writing in the 11th century. The current château was built in 1514–1522 on the foundations of an old mill and was later extended to span the river.

 

The bridge over the river was built (1556-1559) to designs by the French Renaissance architect Philibert de l'Orme, and the gallery on the bridge (1570–1576) to designs by Jean Bullant

 

The château has been classified as a Monument historique since 1840 by the French Ministry of Culture. It is one of the most famous Loire Valley châteaux.

Gamba Castle, Tibet - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Gamba Castle, Tibet

Château d'Harcourt, Harcourt, Eure, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château d'Harcourt

Harcourt, Eure, France

 

The Château d'Harcourt is the cradle of the Harcourt family. The first stone castle here was built by Robert II d'Harcourt, a crusader companion of Richard Lionheart.

 

Harcourts appear later among the most important barons of Normandy. Jean II d'Harcourt was a Maréchal de France.

 

The castle is one of the best preserved castles in the country and contains the oldest arboretum in France.

Bodiam Castle, East Sussex, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bodiam Castle, East Sussex, England

 

Bodiam Castle is a 14th-century moated castle. It was built in 1385 by Sir Edward Dalyngrigge, a former knight of Edward III, with the permission of Richard II, to defend the area against French invasion during the Hundred Years' War.

 

Bodiam Castle has a quadrangular plan. It has no keep, having its various chambers built around the outer defensive walls and inner courts. The corners and entrance are marked by crenellated towers.

 

It was the home of the Dalyngrigge family and the centre of the manor of Bodiam. The castle is protected as a Grade I listed building and Scheduled Monument. It has been owned by The National Trust since 1925, having been donated by Lord Curzon on his death. It is open to the public.

Samdrubtse Dzong or Shigatse Dzong, Shigatse, Tibet - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Samdrubtse Dzong or Shigatse Dzong

Shigatse, Tibet

 

Samdrubtse Dzong was probably built in the 15th century. It looked like a smaller version of the Potala. It had had turret-like fortifications at the ends and a central Red Palace.

 

It used to be the seat of the kings of Ü-Tsang and the capital of the province of Ü-Tsang or Tsang

 

The castle was totally dismantled at the instigation of the Chinese in 1961. Between 2005 and 2007, the building was reconstructed in concrete, and wainscotted with natural stones.

Buckingham Palace, Westminster, London - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Buckingham Palace, Westminster, London

 

Buckingham Palace is the official London residence and principal workplace of the monarch of the United Kingdom.. The palace is often at the centre of state occasions and royal hospitality. It is also a focus at times of national rejoicing.

 

Originally known as Buckingham House, the building which forms the core of today's palace was a large townhouse built for the Duke of Buckingham in 1703.

 

It was acquired by King George III in 1761 as a private residence for Queen Charlotte and was then known as "The Queen's House".

Pernstejn Castle, Nedvedice, South Moravian Region, Czech Republic - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Pernstejn Castle, Nedvedice, South Moravian Region, Czech Republic

 

Pernštejn Castle (Czech: hrad Pernštejn) is located on a rock above the village of Nedvedice and the rivers Svratka and Nedvedicka, some 40 km northwest of Brno.

 

Pernštejn came to be known as the marble castle because of the marble-like stone used to frame the doors and windows.

Chateau de Val, Les Fontilles, 15270 Lanobre, Cantal, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

château de Val

Les Fontilles, 15270 Lanobre, Cantal, France

 

The Château is located on the shore of the Lake Bort-les-Orgues.

 

It is classé as a Monument historique.

Château de Sceaux, Sceaux, Hauts-de-Seine, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Sceaux

Sceaux, Hauts-de-Seine, France

 

The Château de Sceaux is a grand country house in Sceaux, Hauts-de-Seine, not far from Paris, France.

 

Located in a park laid out by André Le Nôtre, it houses the Musée de l’Île-de-France, a museum of local history.

 

The former château was built for Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Louis XIV's minister of finance, who purchased the domaine in 1670.

 

The present château, designed to evoke the style of Louis XIII, dates from the Second Empire. Some of Colbert's outbuildings remain, and the basis of the garden layout.

 

Château de Boulogne sur Mer, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Pas-de-Calais, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Boulogne sur Mer

Boulogne-sur-Mer, Pas-de-Calais, France

 

The castle was built in the 13th century by Philippe Hurepel (1180-1234), count of Boulogne and son of Philip II of France. It houses the Boulogne museum.

Château de Kerguehennec, Bignan, Morbihan, Bretagne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Kerguéhennec

Bignan, Morbihan, Bretagne, France

 

Le château de Kerguéhennec, dating from the eighteenth century, is known as the Breton Versailles

 

It is now a contemorary art centre.it was classé as a monument historique in 1988. The parc was incrit at the same time.

Château de Long, Somme, Picardie, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Long

Somme, Picardie, France

 

The 18th-century château, in pink brick and white stone, with a mansard roof, was constructed on the site of a medieval castle.

 

During the Second World War, the building was badly damaged by occupying troops, who burnt doors, windows and flooring. Restored during the 1960s, the building is now open to the public.

Château de Potelle (or Château de Potelles), Potelle, Nord, Nord-Pas-De-Calais, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Potelle (or Château de Potelles)

Potelle, Nord, Nord-Pas-De-Calais, France

 

The Château de Potelles was built around 1290 by Willes (Gilles) de Mortagne, seigneur de Potelles (the chapel retains a fragment of his tomb). The châtelet (entry gate) shown here dates from the fourteenth century

 

Le château and its chapel (outside the moat) were incrit as monuments historiques in1944.

 

 

Château de Rambures, Rambures, Somme, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Rambures

Rambures, Somme, France.

 

The château was constructed in the the 15th century in the style of a late medieval military fortress. It was one of the first castles in Europe to be constructed almost exclusively in bricks.

 

The castle is set in a park, the Parc et Roseraie du Château de Rambures containing a rose garden and ancient trees.

 

It has been classified as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1927.

Château de Meung-sur-Loire, Meung-sur-Loire , Loiret, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Meung-sur-Loire

Meung-sur-Loire , Loiret, France.

 

The Château de Meung-sur-Loire was the country residence of the Bishops of Orléans.

 

It was the site of the Battle of Meung-sur-Loire in 1429 and was destroyed and rebuilt several times. The oldest parts of this former episcopal palace date from the 12th century and were built by Manassès de Seignelay (bishop from 1207 to 1221). Still standing are the main rectangular plan building, flanked by three towers (the fourth having been destroyed.)

 

Beneath the castle are dungeons, a chapel and various medieval torture instruments. .In fiction, it was featured by Alexandre Dumas in The Three Musketeers as the village where d'Artagnan first encounters the villainous Comte de Rochefort.

 

It has been listed since 1988 as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

Château de Roquetaillade, Mazères (near Bordeaux), Gironde, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Roquetaillade

Mazères (near Bordeaux), Gironde, France.

 

Charlemagne, on his way to the Pyrenees with Roland, built the first fortification there. Of Charlemagne's castle, nothing remains but ruins. In 1306 (with a license to crenelate from the English King Edward I) Cardinal de la Mothe (nephew of Pope Clement V) built the present castle (le Château Neuf), square in plan with six towers and a central keep. This structure was restored by Viollet-le-Duc in the nineteenth century.

 

The château park includes remains of the medieval curtain wall with the barbican. The castle has been lived in by the same family for over 700 years.

 

The castle has served as a location for several films, including Fantômas contre Scotland Yard and Le Pacte des loups.

 

It was listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture in 1840.

Château de Virieu, 38730 Virieu, Isère, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Virieu

38730 Virieu, Isère, France

 

Le château de Virieu was built in stone around 1010,

 

It was classified as a French monument historique in 1990.

Château de Sceaux, Sceaux, Hauts-de-Seine, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Sceaux

Sceaux, Hauts-de-Seine, France

 

The Château de Sceaux is a grand country house not far from Paris. Located in a park laid out by André Le Nôtre, it houses the Musée de l’Île-de-France, a museum of local history.

 

The former château was built for Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Louis XIV's minister of finance, who purchased the domaine in 1670.

 

The present château, designed to evoke the style of Louis XIII, dates from the Second Empire. Some of Colbert's outbuildings remain, as does the basis of the garden layout.

 

Château de la Madeleine, Chevreuse, département of Yvelines, Île de France, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de la Madeleine

Chevreuse, département of Yvelines, Île de France, France.

 

The construction of the Château de la Madeleine began between 1020 and 1090, under Guy I, Lord of Chevreuse. From this period, only the keep remains. Originally, the keep was surrounded by a wooden palisade, replaced by stone curtain walls during the 12th century.

 

A century later, probably under Anseau de Chevreuse, the castle was modified, notably with the construction of the machicolations. The gatehouse was protected by a moat.

 

The castle changed hands in 1356. Ingerger le Grand, Lord of Chevreuse and Amboise, was taken prisoner by England during the Hundred Years' War. He was obliged to sell his domain to pay his ransom; the castle was bought by the future Pierre de Chevreuse.

 

The existing fortifications were improved under the reigns of Charles V and Charles VI; who financed the outworks with royal taxes. Modifications were completed under Louis XI (1461 – 1483).

The village was also fortified: a crenelated rampart, 3.5 m high (11.5 feet) with turrets, was built. The defence was completed by a 15 m large ditch (50 feet).

Conisbrough Castle, Conisbrough, South Yorkshire, England. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Conisbrough Castle

Conisbrough, South Yorkshire, England.

 

Conisbrough Castle is a 12th-century castle, whose remains are dominated by the 97-foot (29.5m) high circular keep, supported by six buttresses. It is shown here as it would have looked before falling into ruin.

 

The site, strategically placed in one of few historic crossings of the River Don, has been home to a fortification since at least 600 AD. It belonged to one of the seven English kings, prior to the unification of England.

 

In the mid-1990s, the keep was restored, The building is one of South Yorkshire's primary tourist attractions. It is managed by English Heritage.

Château de Najac, Najac, Aveyron département, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Najac

Najac, Aveyron département, France.

 

The the royal fortress of Najac was built in 1253 on the orders of Alphonse de Poitiers, brother of Saint Louis, on the site of a square tower built in 1100 by Bertrand of St Gilles, son of Raymond IV, Count of Toulouse before the area was annexed by France.

 

The castle is built at the summit of a hill formed by a loop of the river.

 

The castle holds a world record for its 6.80 metre high archères (arrow loops), designed to allow use by three archers at the same time. A secret corridor, hidden within the walls, links the Romanesque tower to the chapel of the keep.

 

Najac has been near major events including, the Albigensian Crusade, the Hundred Years' War, the imprisonment of the Knights Templar, the peasants' revolts, and the French Revolution.

 

The castle has been listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1925.

Novgorod Kremlin Walls, of Novgorod Oblast, Russia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Novgorod Kremlin Walls

Novgorod Oblast, Russia

 

Novgorod Kremlin (also Detinets) stands on the left bank of the Volkhov River in Veliky Novgorod. The compound was originally the site of a pagan burial ground upon which the first bishop of Novgorod built the Cathedral of Holy Wisdom around 989.

 

The current fortress was built between 1484 and 1490 by Muscovite builders following Grand Prince Ivan III's conquest of the city in 1478; a third of it was paid for by the Novgorodian archbishop Gennady.

 

It is eliptical, 545 meters long and 240 meter wide with nine surviving towers (three other towers have not survived). The walls are 1,487 meters in circumference.

 

UNESCO recognised Novgorod as a World Heritage Site in 1992

Ceiling, Opéra Garnier, Paris - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ceiling

Opéra Garnier

Paris, France

 

The Palais Garnier is a 1,979-seat opera house, built from 1861 to 1875 for the Paris Opera. The theatre was known as the Opéra de Paris or simply the Opéra, but

has come to be became known as the Palais Garnier in recognition of its opulence and its architect, Charles Garnier.

 

It was the primary home of the Paris Opera and its associated Paris Opera Ballet until 1989, when the Opéra Bastille opened at the Place de la Bastille, leaving the Palais Garnier for ballet.

 

The Palais Garnier also houses the Bibliothèque-Musée de l'Opéra de Paris (Paris Opera Library-Museum).

Trerice, Kestle Mill, near Newquay, Cornwall, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Trerice

Kestle Mill, near Newquay, Cornwall, England

 

Trerice is an Elizabethan manor house, The building features a main south-east facing range of 'E'-plan abutting a south-west range containing two earlier phases.

 

Phase I consisted of a tower house with low north-west block. This was extended early in the 16th century, probably by 'Jack of Tilbury', to include a 2-storey range to the south-east of the earlier tower, together now forming the bulky south wing.

 

Sir John IV Arundell, High Sheriff of Cornwall added the main range of the E-plan circa 1570-1573. At the period it was fashionable build house with an E shaped plan (E for Queen Elizabeth)

 

The house, along with its surrounding garden, is a National Trust property.

Château Solvay, also called the Château 
              de La Hulpe, La Hulpe, Walloon Brabant, Belgium. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château Solvay, also called the Château de La Hulpe

La Hulpe, Walloon Brabant, Belgium.

 

The château was built by the Marquis de Béthune in the French style in 1842. In the late 19th century, the house and estate were acquired by Ernest Solvay, and have since been known as the Domaine Solvay.

 

Today the property is owned by the regional government of Wallonia, and is classified as an "Exceptional Heritage Site in Wallonia." The grounds are open to the public.

Schloss Hohenzollern (Hohenzollern Castle), 72379 Burg Hohenzollern, Hechingen, Baden-Wurtemberg, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

 

Schloss Hohenzollern (Hohenzollern Castle)

72379 Burg Hohenzollern, Hechingen, Baden-Wurtemberg, Germany

 

Hohenzollern Castle is the ancestral seat of the Hohenzollern family, who became German Emperors

 

A castle was first constructed here in the early 11th century. The present castle was constructed for King Frederick William IV of Prussia between 1846 and 1867. The design was based on English Gothic Revival architecture and the Châteaux of the Loire Valley.

 

In 1945 it became home to the former Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany, son of the last Hohenzollern monarch, Kaiser Wilhelm II, who is buried there with his wife, Crown Princess Cecilie.

Dunster Castle, Dunster, Somerset, England. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Dunster Castle

Dunster, Somerset, England.

 

Dunster Castle is a former motte and bailey castle, now a country house, sited on top of a Tor. The site has been fortified since the late Anglo-Saxon period.

 

A stone shell keep was built on the motte by the start of the 12th century, and the castle survived a siege during the early years of the Anarchy. At the end of the 14th century the de Mohuns sold the castle to the Luttrell family, who continued to occupy the property until the late 20th century.

 

The castle was expanded several times by the Luttrell family during the 17th and 18th centuries; they built a large manor house within the Lower Ward of the castle in 1617.

 

The medieval castle walls were mostly destroyed following the siege of Dunster Castle at the end of the English Civil War, when Parliament ordered the defences to be slighted to prevent their further use.

 

In the 1860s and 1870s the castle was remodelled to Victorian tastes.

 

In 1976 Colonel Walter Luttrell gave Dunster Castle and most of its contents to the National Trust, which now operates it as a tourist attraction. It is a Grade I listed building and scheduled monument.

Citadelle de Corté, Corte en Haute-Corse, Corsica, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Citadelle de Corté

Corte en Haute-Corse, Corsica, France

 

The Citadelle de Corte also known as the Nid d'aigle (Eagle's Nest) is an eighteenth century citadelle, build around a fifteenth century core, and now housing a museum of Corsica.

 

It has been classée as a monument historique in 1977.

 

Schloss Irmelshausen, Irmelshausen, Höchheim, Rhön-Grabfeld, Bavaria, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Irmelshause

Irmelshausen, Höchheim, Rhön-Grabfeld, Bavaria, Germany.

 

Irmelshausen lies on the old border between East and West Germany. It is one of the most appealing castles in Franconia,

first mentioned in the year 800 when Emhild, the Abbess of Milz and a relative of Charlemagne, gave the associated village to the Counts of Henneberg.

 

The castle escaped attack and destruction in both the Peasants' War of 1525 and the Thirty Years' War of 1618-48 when almost all the surrounding castles were taken and sacked. Parts of the castle were previously taller but during a remodeling in 1854 the half-timbered sections were lowered to the present height.

Rudkhan Castle (or Rood-khan Castle), southwest of Foman city, Gilan province, Iran - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

 

Rudkhan Castle (or Rood-khan Castle)

southwest of Foman city, Gilan province, Iran

 

Rudkhan Castle is a brick and stone medieval military complex constructed during the Seljuk Dynasty by followers of the Isma'ili sect.

 

The castle's 42 towers still stand intact.

Edinburgh Castle, Castle Rock, Edinburgh, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Edinburgh Castle

Castle Rock, Edinburgh, Scotland

 

Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress dominating the skyline of the city of Edinburgh. There has been a royal castle on the rock since at least the reign of David I in the 12th century.

 

As one of the most important strongholds in the Kingdom of Scotland, Edinburgh Castle was involved in many historical conflicts from the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th century to the Jacobite Rising of 1745.

 

The castle houses the Scottish regalia, known as the Honours of Scotland and is the site of the Scottish National War Memorial and the National War Museum of Scotland. The British Army is still responsible for parts of the castle.

 

The castle is now in the care of Historic Scotland and is Scotland's most-visited paid tourist attraction. As the backdrop to the Edinburgh Military Tattoo during the annual Edinburgh International Festival the castle has become a recognisable symbol of Edinburgh and of Scotland.

Gwalior Qila (Gwalior Fort), Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Gwalior Qila (Gwalior Fort)

Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India

 

Gwalior Fort is an 8th-century hill in central India. The fort consists of a defensive structure and two main palaces, Gurjari Mahal and Man Mandir.

Le château de Lavoûte-Polignac, Lavoûte-sur-Loire, Haute-Loire, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Le château de Lavoûte-Polignac

Lavoûte-sur-Loire, Haute-Loire, France

 

It is one of the châteaux of the Loire.

 

It was for centuries one of the favourite rences of the Polignac family. Like most other French château it was siezed by the state in 1793 (the Polignac family having escaped to Vienna) and sold off as a "national good".

 

In the nineteenth century the Polignac family bought it back, and Melchior, Comte de Polignac, had the south aisle repaired (the other two wings having fallen too far into ruin).

The Potala Palace, Lhasa, Tibet - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Potala Palace, Lhasa, Tibet

 

The Potala Palace was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to India during the 1959 Tibetan uprising.

 

It is now a museum and UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Dar Al Hajar, Wadi Dhahr Valley, Yemen. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Dar Al Hajar

Wadi Dhahr Valley, Yemen.

 

Dar al-Hajar, also known as the Imam's Rock Palace is perched on top of a rock pinnacle, some 15 km away from the capita city of Sana.

 

It is typical of Yemeni architecture, seeming to grow out of the rocks on which it is constructed, and with characteristic Yemeni painting of its windows and building edges.

 

The palace was built in the 1930s by Imam Yahya as his summer residence (Most of the apparently ancient castles in this part of the world are less than a century old)

 

The palace has been restored for visitors, and turned into a museum.

Burcht Reinhardstein / Reinhardstein Castle / Château de Reinhardstein / Burg Reinhardstein, Village of Ovifat, valley of the Warche, Waimes (Weismes) near Robertville in the province of Liège, Belgium. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burcht Reinhardstein / Reinhardstein Castle

/ Château de Reinhardstein / Burg Reinhardstein

Village of Ovifat, valley of the Warche, Waimes (Weismes) near Robertville in the province of Liège, Belgium.

 

The castle was built in 1354 for Wenceslaus of Luxembourg by his vassal Reinhard of Weismes.

 

It was nearly destroyed in the 19th century by quarrying, but since 1969 has been reconstructed.

lo Palais dei Papas (in Occitan) / The Palais des Papes / Papal Palace, Avignon, southern France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

lo Palais dei Papas (in Occitan)

/ The Palais des Papes / Papal Palace

Avignon, southern France.

 

The Papal Palace is one of the largest and most important medieval Gothic buildings in Europe.

 

Fortress and palace, it was the seat of Western Christianity during the 14th century. Six papal conclaves were held in the Palais.

 

The Palais is actually made up of two buildings: the old Palais of Benedict XII on the rock of Doms, and the new Palais of Clement VI, the most extravagant of the Avignon popes.The final combination the largest Gothic building of the Middle Ages, and one of the best examples of the International Gothic architectural style.

 

Since 1995 lo Palais dei Papas has been classified, along with the historic center of Avignon, as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Pernstejn Castle, Nedvedice, South Moravian Region, Czech Republic - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Pernstejn Castle

Nedvedice, South Moravian Region, Czech Republic

 

Pernštejn Castle (Czech: hrad Pernštejn) is located on a rock above the village of Nedvedice and the rivers Svratka and Nedvedicka, some 40 km northwest of Brno.

 

Pernštejn came to be known as the marble castle because of the marble-like stone used to frame the doors and windows.

Château de Potelle (or Château de Potelles), Potelle, Nord, Nord-Pas-De-Calais, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Potelle (or Château de Potelles)

Potelle, Nord, Nord-Pas-De-Calais, France.

 

The Château de Potelles was built around 1290 by Willes (Gilles) de Mortagne, seigneur de Potelles (the chapel retains a fragment of his tomb). The châtelet (entry gate) on the left in the photograph dates from the fourteenth century

 

Le château and its chapel (outside the moat) were incrit as monuments historiques in1944.

Château de Meillant, Meillant, Cher, Centre, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Meillant

Meillant, Cher, Centre, France

 

Château de Meillant is a Renaissance Château with elements dating from the thirteenth century.

 

It was Inscrit in 1926, and classé as a monument historique 1963

The Potala Palace, Lhasa, Tibet - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Potala Palace, Lhasa, Tibet

 

The Potala Palace was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to India during the 1959 Tibetan uprising.

 

It is now a museum and UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Potala Palace, Lhasa, Tibet - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Potala Palace, Lhasa, Tibet

 

The Potala Palace was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to India during the 1959 Tibetan uprising.

 

It is now a museum and UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Château de Bannes, Beaumont-du-Périgord, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Bannes

Beaumont-du-Périgord, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France.

 

Built between 1498 and 1519.

Château d'Illasi, Via Strada Nuova, 37031 Illasi, Verona, Italy. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château d'Illasi

Via Strada Nuova, 37031 Illasi, Verona, Italy.

 

The Château d'Illasi is situated between the valleys of Illasi and Tramigna. Of the original structure only the gateway, a small tower, the remains of a chapel, two cisterns, the keep and 30meter high square tower remain.

 

The keep was transformed into a country house by the descendants of Malachino. It was inhabited up until 1737 when Giunio III Pompei built a large villa at Illasi, which now surrounds the castle ruins.

 

The site is now the property of the Sagramoso-Pompei Family and is not open to the public.

Eilean Donan (Eilean Donnain), Dornie, Kyle of Lochalsh IV40 8DX, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Eilean Donan (Eilean Donnain)

Dornie, Kyle of Lochalsh IV40 8DX, Scotland

 

Eilean Donan is a castle and small tidal island where three lochs meet, Loch Duich, Loch Long and Loch Alsh, in the western Highlands of Scotland.

 

The castle was founded in the thirteenth century, and became a stronghold of the Clan Mackenzie and their allies the Clan Macrae.

 

Between 1919 and 1932 the castle was rebuilt by Lt. Col. John MacRae-Gilstrap. The restoration included the construction of an arched bridge to give easier access to the island.

 

 

Château de Caussade, Trélissac, Périgueux, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Caussade

Trélissac, Périgueux, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France.

 

The Château de Caussade is a small polygonal fortress surrounded by a dry moat, located in the vallée de l’Isle, in the forêt de Lanmary.

 

It held great strategic importance in the twelfth century. From the Twelfth to the Fourteenth century it was the property of VIigier family, a daughter of the family became the wife of the famous troubadour, Bertran de Born.

Langley Castle, Langley, Northumberland, England. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Langley Castle

Langley, Northumberland, England.

 

Langley Castle is a restored medieval tower house, situated in the valley of the River South Tyne south of Haydon Bridge,

 

The south west tower boasts 12 garderobes, four to each floor.

 

It is a Grade I listed building.

Chateau d'Avully, Brenthonne, Haute-Savoie, Rhône-Alpes, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

château d'Avully, Brenthonne, Haute-Savoie, Rhône-Alpes, France.

 

château d'Avully dates from the fourteenth century.

 

It has been classified as a monument historique since 1974

Augill Castle, Leacetts Lane, Kirkby Stephen, Cumbria CA17 4DE, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Augill Castle

Leacetts Lane, Kirkby Stephen, Cumbria CA17 4DE, England

Blair Castle, Blair Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Blair Castle, Blair Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland

 

Blair Castle is the ancestral home of the Clan Murray, and was historically the seat of their chief, the Duke of Atholl,

 

The castle stands in Glen Garry, and commands a strategic position on the main route through the central Scottish Highlands.

 

The oldest part of the castle is the six-storey Cummings or Comyn's Tower, which retains some13th-century fabric, though it was largely built in the 15th century.

 

The castle is a category A listed building, and the grounds are included in the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland.

Château de la Madeleine, Chevreuse, département of Yvelines, Île de France, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de la Madeleine

Chevreuse, département of Yvelines, Île de France, France.

 

The construction of the Château de la Madeleine began between 1020 and 1090, under Guy I, Lord of Chevreuse. From this period, only the keep remains.

 

Originally, the keep was surrounded by a wooden palisade, replaced by stone curtain walls during the 12th century.

A century later, probably under the reign of Anseau de Chevreuse, the castle was modified, notably with the construction of the machicolations. The gatehouse was protected by a moat.

 

The castle changed hands in 1356. Ingerger le Grand, Lord of Chevreuse and Amboise, was taken prisoner by the English during the Hundred Years' War. He was obliged to sell his domain to pay his ransom; the castle was bought by the future Pierre de Chevreuse.

 

The existing fortifications were improved under the reigns of Charles V and Charles VI; who financed the outworks with royal taxes. Modifications were completed under Louis XI (1461 – 1483).

 

The village was also fortified: a crenelated rampart, 3.5 m high (11.5 feet) with turrets, was built. The defence was completed by a 15 m large ditch (50 feet).

The Château de Mauvezin, Mauvezin, Hautes-Pyrénées, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

The Château de Mauvezin

Mauvezin, Hautes-Pyrénées, France.

 

The site, occupied since the Dark Ages, was transformed into a castrum in the Middle Ages. The castle was built by Gaston Phoebus around 1380.

 

Following the merging of Bigorre into the Kingdom of France in 1607, the castle fell into disuse and was dismantled, its stones used for other buildings.

 

Today, the castle is being restored and is listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

The Château de Bourron, Bourron-Marlotte, Seine-et-Marne, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château de Bourron

Bourron-Marlotte, Seine-et-Marne, France.

Château de Menthon, Saint-Bernard au dessus du lac d'Annecy, Haute-Savoie, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Menthon Saint-Bernard
above the lac d'Annecy, Haute-Savoie, France.

Château de la Motte, Acqueville, l’Orne, Normandie, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de la Motte

Acqueville, l’Orne, Normandie, France

Schloss Herten, Herten near Recklinghausen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany.  - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Herten

Herten near Recklinghausen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany.

Schloss Augustusburg, Brühl, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Augustusburg, Brühl, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

 

 

UNESCO world heritage site.

Château Saint-Hilaire, Sud de Louviers, Eure en Haute-Normandie, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château Saint-Hilaire,

Sud de Louviers, Eure, Haute-Normandie, France

Citadelle de Corté, Corte en Haute-Corse, Corsica, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Citadelle de Corté

Corte en Haute-Corse, Corsica, France

 

The Citadelle de Corte also known as the Nid d'aigle (Eagle's Nest) is an eighteenth century citadelle, build around a fifteenth century core, and now housing a museum of Corsica.

 

It has been classée as a monument historique in 1977.

Coca Castle, Coca, Segovia, Castile-Leon, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Coca Castle

Coca, Segovia, Castile-Leon, Spain

 

The castle was built on the site of ancient Cauca, the birthplace of the Roman emperor Theodosius. This area was populated by the Arevaca in the 2nd century BC.

 

Begun in 1448 by Don Alonso de Fonseca (1418–1473), Bishop of Avila and Archbishop of Seville, the castle wast still unfinished at the end of the 15th century.

 

Coca is an example of the Mudéjar style, combining elements drawn from Islamic traditions with Flamboyant Gothic.

Sigiriya, near the town of Dambulla, central Matale District, Central Province, Sri Lanka. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Sigiriya

near the town of Dambulla, central Matale District,

Central Province, Sri Lanka.

 

Sigiriya (Lion Rock) is an ancient palace which you can just make out at the top left of the rock.

La Torre Monreal, Tudela, Navarra, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

La Torre Monreal

Tudela, Navarra, Spain

 

 

A tower of Arab origin

Sandcastle - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Sandcastle

Castillo de Cullera, Cullera, Valencia, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castillo de Cullera

Cullera, Valencia, Spain

Castell de Mur, Castell de Mur, Lleida, Catalonia, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castell de Mur

Lleida, Catalonia, Spain

Atalaya Castle (Castillo de la Atalaya or Castillo de Villena), Villena, province of Alicante, southern Spain. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Atalaya Castle (Castillo de la Atalaya or Castillo de Villena)

Villena, province of Alicante, southern Spain.

 

It commands the former frontier between Castile and Kingdom of Aragon.

Parador de Cardona or Castell de Cardona, Cardona, Barcelona, Catalonia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Parador de Cardona or Castell de Cardona

Cardona, Barcelona, Catalonia

Château de Caussade, 24 Trélissac, Dordogne, Périgord, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Caussade

24 Trélissac, Dordogne, Périgord, France

Château de Caussade, 24 Trélissac, Dordogne, Périgord, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Caussade

24 Trélissac, Dordogne, Périgord, France

Château de Caussade, 24 Trélissac, Dordogne, Périgord, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Caussade

24 Trélissac, Dordogne, Périgord, France

Château d'Harcourt, Harcourt, Eure, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château d'Harcourt

Harcourt, Eure, France

 

The Château d'Harcourt is the cradle of the Harcourt family. The first stone castle here was built by Robert II d'Harcourt, a crusader companion of Richard Lionheart.

 

Harcourts appear later among the most important barons of Normandy. Jean II d'Harcourt was a Maréchal de France.

 

The castle is one of the best preserved castles in the country and contains the oldest arboretum in France.

Château d'Harcourt, Harcourt, Eure, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château d'Harcourt

Harcourt, Eure, France

 

The Château d'Harcourt is the cradle of the Harcourt family. The first stone castle here was built by Robert II d'Harcourt, a crusader companion of Richard Lionheart.

 

Harcourts appear later among the most important barons of Normandy. Jean II d'Harcourt was a Maréchal de France.

 

The castle is one of the best preserved castles in the country and contains the oldest arboretum in France.

Schloss Seehof, Domplatz 8, Memmelsdorf, 96049 Bamberg, Bavaria, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Seehof

Domplatz 8, Memmelsdorf, 96049 Bamberg, Bavaria, Germany

 

The Seehof Palace was built from 1686 as a summer residence for the Prince-Bishops of Bamberg

 

 

Château de Lassay, Lassay-les-Châteaux, Mayenne, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Lassay

Lassay-les-Châteaux, Mayenne, France.

 

The original castrum or castellum here, built in the early years of the twelfth century, was probably a motte and bailey castle.

 

The present Château de Lassay was classified as a monument historique in 1862 and is still a private residence.

Château de la Rochepot, La Rochepot, Côte d'Or département, Burgundy, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de la Rochepot

La Rochepot, Côte d'Or département, Burgundy, France.

 

The Château de la Rochepot is a 13th-century castle, later converted into a château, on the N6 to the south west of the town of Beaune.

 

The castle was built in the 13th century on an outcrop of limestone to the north of the village of La Rochepot. As with many castles, it fell into ruin after the medieval period and was restored in the 19th century. It is open to visitors.

Château de la Roche-Jagu, Ploëzal, Côtes-d'Armor, Bretagne, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de la Roche-Jagu

Ploëzal, Côtes-d'Armor, Bretagne, France.

Château de Puilaurens, Lapradelle-Puilaurens, Aude département, Laguedoc-Roussillon, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Puilaurens

Lapradelle-Puilaurens, Aude département, Laguedoc-Roussillon, France

 

The Château de Puilaurens (also Puylaurens; in Occitan: lo Castèl de Puèg-Laurenç) is one of the so-called Cathar castles in what is now the South of France.

 

The castle stands on a spur of rock above the Boulzane Valley and the villages of Lapradelle and Puilaurens.

Château-Gaillard, above the commune of Les Andelys overlooking the River Seine, in the Eure département of historical Normandy, now Upper Normandy, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château-Gaillard

commune of Les Andelys overlooking the River Seine, in the Eure département of historical Normandy, now Upper Normandy, France.

 

Château Gaillard is a ruined medieval castle. Construction began in 1196 under the auspices of Richard the Lionheart, King of England and Duke of Normandy. The castle was built in just two years, at the same time the town of Petit Andely

 

Château Gaillard has a complex and advanced design - it was possibly designed by Richard himself. It uses principles of concentric fortification It was also one of the earliest European castles to use machicolations - an idea that Richard might well have brought back from the Holy Land. The castle consists of three enclosures separated by dry moats, with a keep in the inner enclosure.

 

Château Gaillard was captured in 1204 by the French king Philip II, after a lengthy siege. In the mid-14th century, the castle became the residence of the exiled David II of Scotland.

 

The castle changed hands several times in the Hundred Years' War, but in 1449 the French captured Château Gaillard from the English for the last time, and from then on it remained in French ownership. Henry IV of France ordered the demolition of Château Gaillard in 1599; The castle ruins are listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

Château de Azay-le-Rideau, Azay-le-Rideau, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, Centre, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Château de Azay-le-Rideau

Azay-le-Rideau, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, Centre, France

Kitchen, The Château de Biron, Biron, Dordogne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Kitchen, The Château de Biron, Biron, Dordogne, France

 

The Château de Biron is a large castle in the valley of the Lède. It was the castle from which the Gontaut-Biron took their name. It was their seat from the twelfth century. Biron was seized by Simon IV de Montfort in 1212 from forces sypathetic to the Cathars.

 

The Plantagenets held it at times during the 14th and 15th centuries. Biron was erected as a duché-pairie in 1598, for Charles de Gontaut, created duc de Biron.

 

The present château bears additions over the centuries: notably a twelfth-century keep and sixteenth-century living quarters and vaulted kitchens.

 

Since 1928, it has been listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture. The local commune purchased the Château de Biron in 1978, with a view to restoring it as a tourist attraction.

Châteaux de Lastours, Lastours, département of l'Aude, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Châteaux de Lastours

Lastours, département of l'Aude, France

 

The Châteaux de Lastours (in Occitan Lastors) are three Cathar castles (and a later French one).

 

The four castles are on a rocky spur above the village of Lastours, isolated by the deep valleys of the Orbeil and Grésilhou rivers.

 

They were built at an altitude of 300 m along a rock wall just 1300 feet (~400 m) long by 165 feet (~50 m) wide.

 

Cabaret, Surdespine and la Tour Régine [the French one] stand in line, while Quertinheux is built on a separate pinnacle close by.

 

The site has been classified monument historique (historic monument) by the French Ministry of Culture since 1905. Archaeological digs are still in progress.

Caldicot Castle (Welsh: Castell Cil-y-coed), Caldicot, Monmouthshire, southeast Wales. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Caldicot Castle (Welsh: Castell Cil-y-coed), Caldicot, Monmouthshire, southeast Wales.

 

Caldicot Castle is an extensive stone medieval castle in the built near the site of Harold Godwinson's former Saxon castle by the Norman earls of Hereford from about 1100

 

The castle became a Grade I listed building in 1953.

Killyleagh Castle, Killyleagh, County Down, Northern Ireland. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Killyleagh Castle

Killyleagh, County Down, Northern Ireland.

 

Killyleagh Castle dominates the small village of Killyleagh

 

It is believed to be the oldest inhabited castle in the country, parts dating back to 1180.

 

Killyleagh Castle follows the architectural style of a Loire Valley château, having been redesigned by architect Sir Charles Lanyon in the mid-19th century.

 

It has been owned by the Hamilton family since the early 17th century.

Hambach Castle, Hambach  Neustadt an der Weinstraße in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Hambach Castle

Hambach Neustadt an der Weinstraße

in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

 

Hambach Castle is located on the mountain Schlossberg (literally translated "Castle mountain"; elevation: 325m) in the eastern outskirts of the Palatine Forest.

 

The estate ruled both as a protection castle and as a robber baron castle over the trade roads and the northern route of the Anterior Palatinate section of the Way of St. James of Compostela.

Château de Combourg, Combourg, Ille-et-Vilaine, Brittany, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Combourg

Combourg, Ille-et-Vilaine, Brittany, France.

 

The castle stands on a small hill next to Lac Tranquille (Lake Tranquil) in the town.

 

Privately owned, the Château de Combourg is listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

 

Schloss Berlepsch, Witzenhausen, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Berlepsch

Witzenhausen, Germany

 

Berlepsch Castle was built in 1298 by Arnold of Berlepsch, on behalf of the landgrave of Hesse to protect this part of Hesse against encrouchments of the Duke of Brunswick.

 

The castle was rebuilt and extended in the 19th. century.

 

It still belongs still to the Berlepsch family.

Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schönbrunn Palace

Vienna, Austria

 

Schönbrunn Palace (or Schloss Schönbrunn) is a former imperial 1,441-room Rococo summer residence.

 

One of the most important cultural monuments in the country, it is one of the major tourist attractions in Vienna.

 

The palace and gardens reflect the tastes, interests, and aspirations of successive Habsburg monarchs.

Schloss Wernigerod (Wernigerode Castle), Harz mountains, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Wernigerod (Wernigerode Castle)

Harz mountains, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.

 

Wernigerode Castle is a castle located above the town of Wernigerode. The present-day building, finished in the late 19th century, is similar in style to Neuschwanstein Castle, though its foundations are much older.

Château du Sailhant, Andelat, Cantal, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château du Sailhant

Andelat, Cantal, France

Castle Bolkow, Bolków, Jawor County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, south-western Poland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castle Bolkow

Bolków, Jawor County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship,

south-western Poland.

 

The ruins of Bolków Castle, built in the 13th century, stand above the town of Bolków.

 

Devastated in the Thirty Years' War it became a property of Grüssau Abbey in 1703, though restoration efforts did not begin until 1905.

 

Kasteel de Haar (Castle De Haar), near Haarzuilens, Province of Utrecht, Netherlands - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Kasteel de Haar (Castle De Haar)

near Haarzuilens, Province of Utrecht, Netherlands

Harewood House, Harewood near Leeds, West Yorkshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Harewood House

Harewood near Leeds, West Yorkshire, England

 

Harewood House is a country house idesigned by architects John Carr and Robert Adam. It was built between 1759 and 1771 for Edwin Lascelles, 1st Baron Harwood.

 

Much of the furniture is by the eighteenth-century English furniture designer Thomas Chippendale, who came from nearby Otley.

 

Lancelot "Capability" Brown designed the grounds to which Sir Charles Barry added a grand terrace, in 1844. Artists Thomas Girtin and JMW Turner stayed at the house many times, painting the house itself and also the surrounding countryside and landmarks owned by the Harewood Estate.

 

The house is still home to the Lascelles family. It is a Grade I listed building; with a number of features in the grounds and courtyard also listed as Grade I, II and II*

Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes, on the island of Rhodes in Greece. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes

on the island of Rhodes in Greece.

 

The Palace is one of the few examples of Gothic architecture in Greece. It was previously a citadel of the Knights Hospitaller and functioned as a palace, headquarters and fortress.

 

The present palace was built in the early 14th century by the Knights of Rhodes, who controlled Rhodes and other Greek islands from 1309 to 1522, to house the Grand Master of the Order.

 

After the island was captured by the Ottoman Sultan, the palace continued to be used as a command center and fortress.

 

Château de Chenonceau, Chenonceau, Indre-et-Loire, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Chenonceau

Chenonceau, Indre-et-Loire, France

 

The estate of Chenonceau is first mentioned in writing in the 11th century. The current château was built in 1514–1522 on the foundations of an old mill and was later extended to span the river.

 

The bridge over the river was built (1556-1559) to designs by the French Renaissance architect Philibert de l'Orme, and the gallery on the bridge (1570–1576) to designs by Jean Bullant

 

The château has been classified as a Monument historique since 1840 by the French Ministry of Culture. It is one of the most famous Loire Valley châteaux.

Château Solvay, also called the Château de La Hulpe, La Hulpe, Walloon Brabant, Belgium. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château Solvay, also called the Château de La Hulpe

La Hulpe, Walloon Brabant, Belgium.

 

The château was built by the Marquis de Béthune in the French style in 1842.

 

In the late 19th century, the house and estate were acquired by Ernest Solvay, and have since been known as the Domaine Solvay.

 

Today the property is owned by the regional government of Wallonia, and is classified as an "Exceptional Heritage Site in Wallonia." The grounds are open to the public.

Château de Blandy-les-Tours, Blandy-les-Tours, Seine-et-Marne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Blandy-les-Tours

Blandy-les-Tours, Seine-et-Marne, France

 

(photo shows just one tour)

 

The Château de Blandy-les-Tours was mentioned in a text in 1216. It belonged to Adam II de Chailly, Viscount of Melun. It consisted of a simple manor and chapel, the only construction made of stone. The site was previously a Merovingian necropolis.

 

In the 14th century, the castle was modified with new fortifications and structures of defence. A moat was dug and a new gate-tower with a drawbridge was included in the enclosing wall.

Ashtown Castle, Phoenix Park, Dublin, County Dublin, Ireland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ashtown Castle

Phoenix Park, Dublin, County Dublin, Ireland

 

Ashtown Castle (Irish Caisleán Bhaile an Ásaighis) a fortified house thought to date from the 1430s.

 

The house / castle was later incorporated into the construction of Ashtown Lodge which was to serve as the official residence of the Under Secretary from 1782 and later as the residence of the Papal Nuncio.

 

In 1978 Ashtown Lodge was condemned due to dry rot. As the Lodge was being demolished, Ashtown castle was discovered within. It has now been restored and forms part of the Phoenix Park Visitor Centre.

 

 

Ballinalacken Castle, Doolin, County Clare, Ireland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ballinalacken Castle

Doolin, County Clare, Ireland

 

Ballinalacken Castle is a two-stage tower house, most likely built in the 15th or early 16th century. The name is taken from the townland where it is located, the original Irish version of which is Baile na Leacan, which means the town (land) of the flagstones.

 

It is located on a limestone outcrop overlooking the road from Lisdoonvarna to Fanore.

 

The basements of Ballinalacken Castle are thought to have been built as far back as the 10th century, by the O'Connor's, who then ruled West Corcomroe.

Matsumoto Castle, ("Crow Castle"), Matsumoto, Nagano Prefecture near Tokyo - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Matsumoto Castle, ("Crow Castle")
Matsumoto, Nagano Prefecture near Tokyo, Japan

 

Matsumoto Castle is one of Japan's premier historic castles. The keep (tenshukaku), was completed in the late sixteenth century, It is listed as a National Treasure of Japan.

 

Matsumoto Castle is a flatland castle (hirajiro) built on a plain. Its defences would have included an extensive system of inter-connecting walls, moats, and gatehouses.

The Castle of Bardi (or Landi), Upper Ceno Valley, Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Castle of Bardi (or Landi)

Upper Ceno Valley, Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Château du Fleckenstein, Lembach, Bas-Rhin département, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château du Fleckenstein

Lembach, Bas-Rhin département, France.

 

Fleckenstein, un troglodytique en Alsace

 

Château du Fleckenstein is a castle (château fort) built in the shape of 52 m long boat, with a long history. The castle was built on a sandstone summit in the Middle Ages.

 

An ingenious system for collecting rainwater fed a cistern and a hoist allowed water and other loads to be moved to the upper floors.

 

The rock and the castle have been modified and modernised many times. Of the Romanesque castle, remains include steps cut into the length of the rock, troglodyte rooms and a cistern. The lower part of the well tower dates from the 13th or 14th century, the rest from the 15th and 16th.

 

The Château du Fleckenstein has been listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1898.

Dover Castle, Dover, Kent, England. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Dover Castle

Dover, Kent, England.

 

Dover Castle was founded in the 12th century and has been described as the "Key to England" due to its defensive significance. It is the largest castle in England.

 

During the reign of Henry II t the castle began to take recognisable shape. The inner and outer baileys and the great keep belong to this time. Maurice the Engineer was responsible for building the keep, one of the last rectangular keeps ever built.

 

Dover Castle is a Scheduled Monument and a Grade I listed building. The castle, its secret tunnels, and surrounding land are owned by English Heritage and the site is a major tourist attraction.

 

Dover has always been a chief member of the Cinque Ports since their foundation in 1050. The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is officially head of the castle, in his conjoint position of Constable of Dover Castle. The Deputy Constable has his residence in Constable's Gate.

Umaid Bhawan Palace, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Umaid Bhawan Palace, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

 

Umaid Bhawan Palace is one of the world's largest private residences. Named after Maharaja Umaid Singh, grandfather of the present owners of the palace, this monument has 347 rooms and serves as the principal residence of the erstwhile Jodhpur royal family.

 

The present owner of the Palace is Maharaja of Jodhpur Gaj Singh. The Palace is divided into three functional parts - the residence of the erstwhile royal family, the Taj Palace Hotel and a Museum focusing on the 20th century history of the Royal Family.

Leeds Castle, Kent, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Leeds Castle, Kent, England

 

Leeds Castle is in Kent, England, 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Maidstone. A castle has been on the site since 1119. In the 13th century it came into the hands of King Edward I, for whom it became a favourite residence; in the 16th century, Henry VIII used it as a residence for his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

 

The castle was a location for the 1949 film Kind Hearts and Coronets where it stood in for "Chalfont", the ancestral home of the d'Ascoyne family. The castle also appeared in Moonraker (1958) and Waltz of the Toreadors (1962). It was the set for the Doctor Who episode The Androids of Tara.

 

The castle today dates mostly from the 19th century and is built on islands in a lake formed by the River Len to the east of the village of Leeds. It has been open to the public since 1976

Schloss Hohenzollern (Hohenzollern Castle), 72379 Burg Hohenzollern, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Hohenzollern (Hohenzollern Castle), 72379 Burg Hohenzollern, Germany

 

Schloss Hohenzollern (Hohenzollern Castle)

72379 Burg Hohenzollern, Germany

 

 

Hohenzollern Castle is the ancestral seat of the Hohenzollern family, who became German Emperors

 

A castle was first constructed here in the early 11th century. The present castle was constructed for King Frederick William IV of Prussia between 1846 and 1867. The design was based on English Gothic Revival architecture and the Châteaux of the Loire Valley.

 

In 1945 it became home to the former Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany, son of the last Hohenzollern monarch, Kaiser Wilhelm II, who is buried there with his wife, Crown Princess Cecilie

Château de Vitré, Vitré, Ille-et-Vilaine, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Vitré

Vitré, Ille-et-Vilaine, France.

 

The first stone castle was built by the baron Robert I of Vitré at the end of the 11th century. The defensive site chosen, a rocky promontory, dominated the valley of the Vilaine. A Romanesque style doorway still survives from this building. During the first half of the 13th century, baron André III, rebuilt it in its present triangular form, following the contours of the rocks, surrounded with dry moats.

 

The castle was bought by the town in the 1820 for 8500 francs. In 1872, it was one of the first castles in France to be classified as a monument historique (historic monument) and restored from 1875.

Château de la Goujeonnerie, Vendee, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de la Goujeonnerie

Vendee, France

Chateau des Plantais, Le Donjon, Allier, Auvergne, 
              France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Chateau des Plantais

Le Donjon, Allier, Auvergne, France

 

 

 

Dairsie Castle, Dairsie, north-east Fife, Scotland. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Dairsie Castle, Dairsie, north-east Fife, Scotland.

 

Dairsie Castle is a a restored tower house overlooking the River Eden. A Scottish parliament was held at the castle in early 1335.

 

The first castle built here was the property of the bishops of St Andrews, and was probably constructed by William de Lamberton, Bishop of St Andrews from 1298 to 1328.

Château d'Amboise, Amboise, Indre-et-Loire département, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château d'Amboise

Amboise, Indre-et-Loire département, France

 

The royal Château at Amboise is a fortress in the Loire Valley. Confiscated by the monarchy in the 15th century, it became a favoured royal residence and was extensively rebuilt. King Charles VIII died at the château in 1498 after hitting his head on a door lintel.

 

The château fell into decline from the second half of the 16th century and the majority of the interior buildings were later demolished. Some survived and have been restored, along with the outer defensive circuit of towers and walls.

 

It has been recognised as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1840.

Château Fort de Guédelon, Treigny, Yonne, Burgundy, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Château Fort de Guédelon

Treigny, Yonne, Burgundy, France

2013

 

Château Fort de Guédelon (Guédelon Castle) is a medieval construction project. The object of which is to build a castle using only the techniques and materials used in the Middle Ages.

 

Building materials, including wood and stone, are obtained locally. Jacques Moulin, the chief architect for the project, designed the castle according to the architectural model developed during the 12th and 13th centuries by Philip II of France.

 

Construction started in 1997 under Michel Guyot, owner of Saint-Fargeau castle. The site was chosen in the light of the availability of a stone quarry, in a large forest, with a pond close by.

 

The project has created 55 jobs and is now a tourist destination, with more than 300 000 visits each year

 

When completed in the 2020s, it should be an authentic recreation of a 13th-century medieval castle.

Château de Chenonceau, Chenonceau, Indre-et-Loire, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Chenonceau

Chenonceau, Indre-et-Loire, France

 

The estate of Chenonceau is first mentioned in writing in the 11th century. The current château was built in 1514–1522 on the foundations of an old mill and was later extended to span the river.

 

The bridge over the river was built (1556-1559) to designs by the French Renaissance architect Philibert de l'Orme, and the gallery on the bridge (1570–1576) to designs by Jean Bullant

 

The château has been classified as a Monument historique since 1840 by the French Ministry of Culture. It is one of the most famous Loire Valley châteaux.

Castle of Carmona, Carmona, Seville, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castle of Carmona

Carmona, Seville, Spain

Main entrance, Stokesay Castle, Shropshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Main entrance

Stokesay Castle

Shropshire, England

Beaumaris Castle, Beaumaris Isle of Anglesey, Wales. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Beaumaris Castle

Beaumaris Isle of Anglesey, Wales.

 

Concentric castle built by Edward I - as it might have looked if completed.

Het Loo Palace, Apeldoorn, Netherlands - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Het Loo Palace

Apeldoorn, Netherlands

Thyme Walk, Highgrove House, Doughton, Gloucestershire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Thyme Walk

Highgrove House

Doughton, Gloucestershire, England

 

Highgrove House is the country home of Prince Charles, situated southwest of Tetbury. Highgrove House was purchased in 1980 by the Duchy of Cornwall which manages the house and the estate surrounding the house..

Schloss Nordkirchen, Nordkirchen, Coesfeld administrative district, North Rhine Westphalia, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Nordkirchen

Nordkirchen, Coesfeld administrative district, North Rhine Westphalia, Germany.

 

Schloss Nordkirchen is a palace, largely built between 1703 and 1734. It is known as the "Versailles of Westphalia" since it is the largest of the fully or partly moated Wasserschlösser in the region.

 

It was originally one of the residences of the Prince-Bishopric of Münster.

Castillo de San Marcos, St. Augustine, Florida, USA  - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castillo de San Marcos

St. Augustine, Florida, USA

 

The Castillo de San Marcos is the oldest masonry fort in the continental United States. Located on the shore of Matanzas Bay, construction began in 1672, 107 years after the city's founding by Spanish Admiral and conquistador Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, when Florida was part of the Spanish Empire.

 

After Britain gained control of Florida in 1763, St. Augustine became the capital of British East Florida, and the fort was renamed Fort St. Mark until the Peace of Paris (1783) when Florida was transferred back to Spain. In 1819 Spain signed the Adams–Onís Treaty which ceded Florida to the United States in 1821 and the fort became a United States Army base which was renamed Fort Marion. In 1942 the original name, Castillo de San Marcos, was restored by an Act of Congress. The fort was declared a National Monument in 1924 and after 251 years of continuous military possession, the fort was deactivated in 1933 and the site was turned over to the United States National Park Service.

Citadel of Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Citadel of Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria

 

The Citadel of Aleppo is a large medieval fortified palace in the centre of the old city. It one of the oldest and largest castles in the world. Usage of the Citadel hill dates back at least to the middle of the 3rd millennium BC. Subsequently occupied by many civilizations including the Greeks, Byzantines, Ayyubids and Mamluks, the majority of the construction as it stands today is thought to originate from the Ayyubid period. Extensive conservation work has taken place in the 2000s by the Aga Khan Trust for Culture in collaboration with Aleppo Archeological Society.

 

Dominating the city, the Citadel is part of the Ancient City of Aleppo, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1986. The Citadel received significant damage in the Syrian Civil War from 2013.

Cité de Carcassonne, Languedoc, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Cité de Carcassonne, Languedoc, France.

 

The Castrum of Raymond Roger Trencavel, Viscount of Carcassonne, Béziers, Albi and the Razès. He died in his own prison here in 1209, aged 24, after being taken prisoner while under a safe-conduct from the Cistercian Abbot Arnaud Amaury the papal legate and military leader of the Albigensian Crusade who was besieging Carcassonne (and who then appointed Simon de Montfort as military leader of the crusade).

 

Castrum = Cité + château Comtal

 

UNESCO World Heritage Site

Wasserschloss Haus Bodelschwingh, Mengede, Dortmund, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Wasserschloss Haus Bodelschwingh, Mengede, Dortmund, Germany

 

Wasserschloss Haus Bodelschwingh (Bodelschwingh Castle) is a moated castle. It was built in the 13th century by the family of Bodelschwinghstraße and is still owned by the family

 

Bodelschwingh castle is located near to the water tower house Dellwig and the moated castle Haus Rodenberg the largest and most important water castle in Dortmund.

 

Near the castle developed a settlement, Bodelschwinghstraße, which kept its independence until 1928. Today, the district of Bodelschwinghstraße belongs to the municipality of Mengede.

 

The castle is registered as a historic landmark in the list of monuments of the city of Dortmund.

Citadelle de Sisteron, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Citadelle de Sisteron

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France.

 

Sisteron has been inhabited for 4000 years. The Romans used the route through it. It was later ravaged by the Saracens. It was first fortified by the Counts of Forcalquier in the 11th century and became the northern boundary of the domain of the Counts of Provence. In 1483 during the reign of Louis XI, Sisteron was annexed by the kingdom of France.

 

Between 1562 and 1594 the town and its citadelle was fought over by Protestants and Catholics including two sieges. During this time the walls of the town were built.

Vianden Castle, Vianden, Luxembourg - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Vianden Castle, Vianden, Luxembourg

 

Vianden Castle (French: Château de Vianden, German: Burg Vianden Luxembourgish: Buerg Veianen), is located in Vianden, in the north of Luxembourg.

 

Vianden is one of the largest fortified castles west of the Rhine. Its origins date to the 10th century. The castle was built in the Romanesque style between the 11th and 14th centuries. Gothic aspects were added at the end of this period.

 

A Renaissance mansion was added in the 17th century. After the seventeenth century the castle was allowed to fall into ruin, and has recently been restored.

 

It is now open to visitors.

La Torre del Oro, Seville, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

La Torre del Oro, Seville, Spain

Château de Germolles, Mellecey, Burgundy, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Germolles

Mellecey, Burgundy, France.

 

The Château de Germolles is the best preserved of the residences of the Dukes of Burgundy. Built during the second part of the 14th century, it is important for the history of the region and a rare example of a well-preserved surviving 14th Century French castle.

 

It has been listed as a Historic monument since 1989.

Leeds Castle, Kent, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Leeds Castle, Kent, England

 

Leeds Castle is in Kent, England, 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Maidstone. A castle has been on the site since 1119. In the 13th century it came into the hands of King Edward I, for whom it became a favourite residence; in the 16th century, Henry VIII used it as a residence for his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

 

The castle was a location for the 1949 film Kind Hearts and Coronets where it stood in for "Chalfont", the ancestral home of the d'Ascoyne family. The castle also appeared in Moonraker (1958) and Waltz of the Toreadors (1962). It was the set for the Doctor Who episode The Androids of Tara.

 

The castle today dates mostly from the 19th century and is built on islands in a lake formed by the River Len to the east of the village of Leeds. It has been open to the public since 1976

Château de Ratilly, Treigny, Yone, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Ratilly

Treigny, Yone, France

Parterre, The Château de Villandry, Villandry, Indre-et-Loire, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Parterre

The Château de Villandry

Villandry

Indre-et-Loire

France.

Parterres at Ruspoli Castle Northern Lazio, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Parterres

Ruspoli Castle

Northern Lazio, Italy

Divinity School, Oxford - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Divinity School, Oxford

Edinburgh Castle, Castle Rock, Edinburgh, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Edinburgh Castle, Castle Rock, Edinburgh, Scotland

 

Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress diminating the skyline of the city of Edinburgh. There has been a royal castle on the rock since at least the reign of David I in the 12th century.

 

As one of the most important strongholds in the Kingdom of Scotland, Edinburgh Castle was involved in many historical conflicts from the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th century to the Jacobite Rising of 1745.

 

The castle houses the Scottish regalia, known as the Honours of Scotland and is the site of the Scottish National War Memorial and the National War Museum of Scotland. The British Army is still responsible for some parts of the castle.

 

The castle is in the care of Historic Scotland and is Scotland's most-visited paid tourist attraction. As the backdrop to the Edinburgh Military Tattoo during the annual Edinburgh International Festival the castle has become a recognisable symbol of Edinburgh and of Scotland.

Castello a San Leo, Novafeltria, Emilia-Romagna, provincia di Rimini, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castello a San Leo

Novafeltria, Emilia-Romagna, provincia di Rimini, Italy

Waldeck Castle, Dorweiler, Dommershausen, Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis, Rhineland-Palatinate. Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Waldeck Castle

Dorweiler, Dommershausen, Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis, Rhineland-Palatinate. Germany.

 

William I of Heinzenberg built the fortress in 1150 establishing the house of "Boos-Waldeck". This was the main seat of the Hunsrück Family Boos.

 

The mediaeval castle saw several wars, and was partially destroyed by the French (1689) in the course of the Nine Years' War. The castle was in use until 1833 when the family of Boos von Waldeck sold its holdings in the Rhineland.

Château de La Ferté-Imbault, Salbris, Romorantin-Lanthenay, Loir-et-Cher, Centre, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de La Ferté-Imbault

Salbris, Romorantin-Lanthenay, Loir-et-Cher, Centre, France

 

 

Ham House, Ham, London, England. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ham House

Ham, London, England.

 

Ham House is situated beside the River Thames south of Richmond. It is claimed by the National Trust to be “unique in Europe as the most complete survival of 17th century fashion and power.”

Château du Rivau, 37120 Lémeré, Indre-et-Loire, Touraine, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château du Rivau

37120 Lémeré, Indre-et-Loire, Touraine, France.

 

In 1429, towards the end of the Hundred Years' War, before the siege of Orleans, Joan of Arc and her followers came to fetch horses from Le Rivau, renowned for the quality of the war horses that were raised there.

 

In Rabelais' Gargantua, it was given to captain Tolmere as a reward for his victories in the Picrocholean Wars.

 

Almodovar Castle, Almodóvar del Río, Province of Córdoba, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Castillo de Almodóvar del Río

Almodóvar del Río, Province of Córdoba, Spain.

 

It is situated 15 miles (24 km) from Córdoba, on the left bank of the Guadalquivir.

 

The Moors built a castle here on the site of a Roman fort. The current structure has Berber origins, and dates from the year 760. During the Middle Ages, the castle underwent several periods of reconstruction.

Château of Vizille, 38220 Vizille, Isere, Region Rhone-Alpes, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château of Vizille

38220 Vizille, Isere, Region Rhone-Alpes, France.

 

The Château de Vizille, near Grenoble, is one of the most prestigious and important castles of the Dauphiné.

Kasteel Dussen (Dussen Castle) - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Kasteel Dussen (Dussen Castle)

Dussen, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands.

 

Dating to 1331

Leeds Castle, Kent, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Leeds Castle, Kent, England

 

Leeds Castle is in Kent, England, 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Maidstone. A castle has been on the site since 1119. In the 13th century it came into the hands of King Edward I, for whom it became a favourite residence; in the 16th century, Henry VIII used it as a residence for his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

 

The castle was a location for the 1949 film Kind Hearts and Coronets where it stood in for "Chalfont", the ancestral home of the d'Ascoyne family. The castle also appeared in Moonraker (1958) and Waltz of the Toreadors (1962). It was the set for the Doctor Who episode The Androids of Tara.

 

The castle today dates mostly from the 19th century and is built on islands in a lake formed by the River Len to the east of the village of Leeds. It has been open to the public since 1976

Little Moreton Hall, 4 miles (6.4 km) southwest of Congleton, Cheshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Little Moreton Hall

4 miles (6.4 km) southwest of Congleton, Cheshire, England

 

Little Moreton Hall, also known as Old Moreton Hall, is a moated half-timbered manor house. The earliest parts of the house were built for the prosperous Cheshire landowner William Moreton in about 1504–08, and the remainder was constructed in stages by successive generations of the family until about 1610.

 

The building is highly irregular, with three asymmetrical ranges forming a small, rectangular cobbled courtyard. The weight of the third-storey glazed gallery, possibly added at a late stage of construction, has caused the lower floors to bow and warp.

 

The house remained in the possession of the Moreton family for almost 450 years, until ownership was transferred to the National Trust in 1938. Little Moreton Hall and its sandstone bridge across the moat are recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building, and the ground on which Little Moreton Hall stands is protected as a Scheduled Monument. The gardens lay abandoned until their 20th-century re-creation.

Oravský Hrad, located above the Orava river in the village of Oravský Podzámok, Slovakia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Oravský Hrad

located above the Orava river in the village of Oravský Podzámok, Slovakia.

 

In Eglish it is called Orava Castle, in German Arwaburg and in Hungarian: Árva vára)

 

Orava Castle stands on the site of an old wooden fortification, built after the Mongol invasion of Hungary of 1241.The later design was in Romanesque and Gothic style. Later still it was reconstructed as a Renaissance and Neo-Gothic structure,.

 

Many scenes of the 1922 film Nosferatu were filmed here. After a period of dilapidation the castle became a national monument after World War II,.

Ávila Town walls, Ávila, Castile and León, Spain. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ávila Town walls

Ávila, Castile and León, Spain.

 

Ávila is sometimes called the Town of Stones and Saints. It is notable for having complete and prominent medieval town walls, built in the Romanesque style.

 

The town is also known as Ávila de los Caballeros, Ávila del Rey and Ávila de los Leales (Ávila of the Knights, the King and the Loyalists). It is "perhaps the most 16th-century town in Spain". It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

Château de Chenonceau, Chenonceau, Indre-et-Loire, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Chenonceau

Chenonceau, Indre-et-Loire, France

 

The estate of Chenonceau is first mentioned in writing in the 11th century. The current château was built in 1514–1522 on the foundations of an old mill and was later extended to span the river.

 

The bridge over the river was built (1556-1559) to designs by the French Renaissance architect Philibert de l'Orme, and the gallery on the bridge (1570–1576) to designs by Jean Bullant

 

The château has been classified as a Monument historique since 1840 by the French Ministry of Culture. It is one of the most famous Loire Valley châteaux.

Château de Castelnau-Bretenoux, Prudhomat, Lot, Quercy, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Castelnau-Bretenoux

Prudhomat, Lot, Quercy, France

 

Construction began about 1100, under Hugues, Baron of Castelnau, who built a wall around his manor. He was the ancestor of the powerful dynasty of Castelnau, who owned a rich and prosperous region and were vassals of the Counts of Toulouse.

Dining Room, Longleat House adjacent to the village of Horningsham, Wiltshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Dining Room

Longleat House

adjacent to the village of Horningsham, Wiltshire, England.

 

Longleat is an English stately home and the seat of the Marquesses of Bath. It is noted for its Elizabethan country house, maze, landscaped parkland and safari park. The house is set in over 1,000 acres of parkland landscaped by Capability Brown, with 4,000 acres of farmland and 4,000 acres of woodland.

 

It was the first stately home to open to the public.

Schloss Hof (Hof Palace), Engelhartstetten (east of Vienna), Lower Austria. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Schloss Hof (Hof Palace)

Engelhartstetten (east of Vienna), Lower Austria.

 

Schloss Hof is located near the border of Slovakia. It once belonged to Prince Eugene of Savoy who purchased it in 1726. He had it enlarged in the Baroque style in 1729, and used it as an elaborate hunting lodge. He left it to a niece in his will, and it was later purchased by Empress Maria Theresa of Austria and became part of the imperial estates.

Château de Bridoire, Dordogne, Aquitane, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Bridoire

Dordogne, Aquitane, France.

 

A castle was built here before the 12th century. North, south and west sides are protected by steep rock. To the east, a gap between the castle and the plateau was crossed by a drawbridge. In the 16th century, the drawbridge was replaced by a stone arched bridge.

Corvin Castle, also known as Corvins' Castle, Hunyad Castle or Hunedoara Castle, Hunedoara, Transylvania, Romania - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Corvin Castle

aka Corvins' Castle, Hunyad Castle or Hunedoara Castle,

Hunedoara, Transylvania, Romania

 

[Castelul Huniazilor or Castelul Corvinilor (Romanian)] [Vajdahunyad vára (Hungarian)]

Castle design for King Henry VIII for a castle to defend the South Coast of England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castle design for King Henry VIII for a castle to defend the South Coast of England.

 

Design for a “Device Fort” or “Henrician Castle”.

main hall and staircase (1729-1733), The Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi (Stupinigi Palace), Stupinigi, Nichelino, Nr Turin, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

main hall and staircase (1729-1733)

The Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi (Stupinigi Palace),

Stupinigi, Nichelino, Nr Turin, Italy

 

Stupinigi Palace is one of the Residences of the Royal House of Savoy in northern Italy, built as a royal hunting lodge in the early 18th century.

 

It is part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Castel Sant' Angelo (The Mausoleum of Hadrian), Parco Adriano, Rome, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castel Sant' Angelo (The Mausoleum of Hadrian)

Parco Adriano, Rome, Italy

 

Castel Sant' Angelo is where popes traditionally carried out the executions of their enemies, with a large mallet, or by hanging drawing and quartering.

ornate hallway, Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, Russia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

ornate hallway,

Hermitage Palace,

St. Petersburg, Russia

 

The State Hermitage is a museum of art and culture, one of the largest and oldest museums in the world, it was founded in 1764 by Catherine the Great and has been open to the public since 1852. Its collections include the largest collection of paintings in the world.

 

The collections occupy a large complex of six historic buildings along Palace Embankment, including the Winter Palace, a former residence of Russian Tsars

 

Eilean Donan (Eilean Donnain), Dornie, Kyle of Lochalsh IV40 8DX, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Eilean Donan (Eilean Donnain)

Dornie, Kyle of Lochalsh IV40 8DX, Scotland

 

Eilean Donan is a castle and small tidal island where three lochs meet, Loch Duich, Loch Long and Loch Alsh, in the western Highlands of Scotland.

 

The castle was founded in the thirteenth century, and became a stronghold of the Clan Mackenzie and their allies the Clan Macrae.

 

Between 1919 and 1932 the castle was rebuilt by Lt. Col. John MacRae-Gilstrap. The restoration included the construction of an arched bridge to give easier access to the island.

Château d'Angers, Angers, Loire Valley, Maine-et-Loire, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château d'Angers

Angers, Loire Valley, Maine-et-Loire, France.

 

The Château d'Angers was founded in the 9th century by the Counts of Anjou. It was expanded to its current size in the 13th century. It is strategically located by the river Maine. Open to the public, the Château d'Angers is home of the Apocalypse Tapestry.

 

Photo shows a spectacular drawbridge controlling entry.

Château de Losse, Périgord, Dordogne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Losse

Périgord, Dordogne, France

 

The medieval Château de Losse overlooks the Vézère river. It is located near the Lascaux pre-historic caves.

 

In 1575 a Renaissance Hall was built within the stronghold. It was enclosed by curtain walls and surrounded by a deep ditch..

 

The Château and its gardens have been listed as French Historical House and Site since 1928.

Château de Suscinio (or de Susinio), Sarzeau, Morbihan, Brittany, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Suscinio (or de Susinio)

Sarzeau, Morbihan, Brittany, France

 

Built in the late Middle Ages as the residence of the Dukes of Brittany.

 

The Château de Suscinio dates from the beginning of the 13th century. It was enlarged at the end of 14th century, when the heirs of the duchy were fighting to keep their possessions (Brittany was not annexed by France until 1514).

 

From 1471 to 1483, the castle was home to Jasper Tudor, Henry Tudor (later King Henry VII of England), and the core of their group of exiled Lancastrians, numbering about 500 by 1483. Duke Francis II supported this group of exiles against Plantagenet demands for their surrender.

Eilean Donan (Eilean Donnain), Dornie, Kyle of Lochalsh IV40 8DX, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Eilean Donan (Eilean Donnain)

Dornie, Kyle of Lochalsh IV40 8DX, Scotland

 

Eilean Donan is a castle and small tidal island where three lochs meet, Loch Duich, Loch Long and Loch Alsh, in the western Highlands of Scotland.

 

The castle was founded in the thirteenth century, and became a stronghold of the Clan Mackenzie and their allies the Clan Macrae.

 

Between 1919 and 1932 the castle was rebuilt by Lt. Col. John MacRae-Gilstrap. The restoration included the construction of an arched bridge to give easier access to the island.

Old Keiss Castle, north of Keiss, Caithness, Highland, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Old Keiss Castle

north of Keiss, Caithness, Highland, Scotland.

 

Keiss Castle is a partially ruined castle on sheer cliffs, overlooking Sinclairs' Bay. The old castle, a Scheduled Monument, was built possibly on the site of an earlier fort in the late 16th or early 17th century by George 5th Earl of Caithness (1582-1643).

Wartburg overlooking the town of Eisenach, in the state of Thuringia, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Wartburg

overlooking the town of Eisenach, Thuringia, Germany

 

The Wartburg is a castle originally built in the Middle Ages, situated on precipice. It was the home of St. Elisabeth of Hungary, the place where Martin Luther translated the New Testament of the Bible into German

 

It was an inspiration for Ludwig II when he decided to build Neuschwanstein Castle. Although the castle today still contains substantial original structures from the 12th through 15th centuries, much of the interior dates to the 19th-century period of Romanticism.

 

In 1999, UNESCO added Wartburg Castle to the World Heritage List

Frederiksborg Castle, Hillerød, Denmark - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Frederiksborg Castle

Hillerød, Denmark

 

Frederiksborg Palace or Frederiksborg Castle (in Danish, Frederiksborg Slot) was built as a royal residence for King Christian IV and is now a museum of national history.

 

The current edifice replaced a previous castle erected by Frederick II and is the largest Renaissance palace in Scandinavia. The palace is located on three small islands in the middle of Palace Lake (Slotsøen) and is adjoined by a large formal garden in the Baroque style.

Örebro (Oerebro) Castle, Örebro, Närke, Sweden - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Örebro (Oerebro) Castle, Örebro, Närke, Sweden.

 

The castle lies on an island in the river Svartån.

 

For over 700 years occupants of Örebro Castle monitored the bridge over the River Svartån. The oldest part of the castle, a defence tower, was erected in the latter half of the 13th century. This tower was added to in the 14th century to make a larger stronghold, and towards the end of the 16th century most of the castle we see today was built. It was expanded during the reign of the royal House of Vasa and rebuilt about 1900.

Burg Gudenau, Wachtberg, Rhein-Sieg district, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burg Gudenau

Wachtberg, Rhein-Sieg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

 

Castle Gudenau is a Wasserschloß - or moated castle.

Matsumoto Castle, ("Crow Castle"), Matsumoto, Nagano Prefecture near Tokyo, Japan - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Matsumoto Castle, ("Crow Castle")

Matsumoto, Nagano Prefecture near Tokyo, Japan

 

Matsumoto Castle is one of Japan's premier historic castles. The keep (tenshukaku), was completed in the late sixteenth century, It is listed as a National Treasure of Japan.

 

Matsumoto Castle is a flatland castle (hirajiro) built on a plain. Its defences would have included an extensive system of inter-connecting walls, moats, and gatehouses.

Fagaras Castle, Fagaras, Brazov County, Romania - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Fagaras Castle

Fagaras, Brazov County, Romania

 

In 1696, following penetration of the Austrian army in Transylvania, Fagaras Castle (or Fagaras Fortress) became Crown property of the Habsburgs.

The Château de Ternay, Loire Valley, Poitou-Charentes, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château de Ternay

Loire Valley, Poitou-Charentes, France.

 

The Château de Ternay was built by the Aviau de Ternay family. The present château, on twelfth-century foundations, is the result of building campaigns from the fifteenth to the seventeenth centuries.

 

It has been listed as a Monument historique since 1996. It is still the seat of the comte de Ternay. Today the château is open for tours and overnight guests.

Château d'Urtubie, Urrugne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Aquitaine, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château d'Urtubie

Urrugne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Aquitaine, France.

 

A castle here was built in the fourteenth century. It has been owned by the same family since its construction in 1341. It was enlarged in the sixteenth and eighteenth century. King Louis XI stayed here in 1463 and Louis XIV raised the estate to Viscountcy in 1654. Monument Historique since 1974. Now owned by the Comte de Coral.

Château de Cheverny, Cheverny, Loir-et-Cher, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Cheverny

Cheverny, Loir-et-Cher, France.

 

Hergé used Cheverny, one of the châteaux of the Loire valley, as a model for his "Château de Moulinsart" (Marlinspike Hall in English) in his Tintin books.

Dover Castle, Dover, Kent, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Dover Castle

Dover, Kent, England.

 

Dover Castle was founded in the 12th century and has been described as the "Key to England" due to its defensive significance. It is the largest castle in England.

 

During the reign of Henry II t the castle began to take recognisable shape. The inner and outer baileys and the great keep belong to this time. Maurice the Engineer was responsible for building the keep, one of the last rectangular keeps ever built.

 

Dover Castle is a Scheduled Monument and a Grade I listed building. The castle, its secret tunnels, and surrounding land are owned by English Heritage and the site is a major tourist attraction.

 

From the Cinque Ports foundation in 1050, Dover has always been a chief member. The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is officially head of the castle, in his conjoint position of Constable of Dover Castle, and the Deputy Constable has his residence in Constable's Gate.

 - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

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The Punakha Dzong or Pungtang Dechen Photrang Dzong [the palace of bliss], Punakha, Bhutan - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Punakha Dzong or Pungtang Dechen Photrang Dzong

[the palace of bliss]

Punakha, Bhutan

Château de Najac, Najac, Aveyron, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Château de Najac

Najac, Aveyron, France.

 

The the royal fortress of Najac was built in 1253 on the orders of Alphonse de Poitiers, brother of Saint Louis, on the site of a square tower built in 1100 by Bertrand of St Gilles, son of Raymond IV, Count of Toulouse before the area was annexed by France.

 

The castle is built at the summit of a hill formed by a loop of the river.

 

The castle holds a world record for its 6.80 metre high archères (arrow loops), designed to allow use by three archers at the same time. A secret corridor, hidden within the walls, links the Romanesque tower to the chapel of the keep.

 

Najac has been near major events including, the Albigensian Crusade, the Hundred Years' War, the imprisonment of the Knights Templar, the peasants' revolts, and the French Revolution.

 

The castle has been listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1925.

Krak des Chevaliers (or Crac Des Chevaliers), CRUSADER CASTLE, Syria - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Krak des Chevaliers (or Crac Des Chevaliers)

CRUSADER CASTLE

Syria

 

Krak des Chevaliers is one of the most important preserved medieval castles in the world. The site was settled in the 11th century by Kurds; as a result it was known as Hisn al Akrad, meaning the "Castle of the Kurds". In 1142 it was given by Raymond II, Count of Tripoli, to the Knights Hospitaller. It remained in their possession until it fell in 1271. It was known as Crac de l'Ospital (the name Krak des Chevaliers was coined only in the 19th century.)

Castle of Santiago, Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Cádiz province, Andalucía, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castle of Santiago

Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Cádiz province, Andalucía, Spain.

 

The Castle of Santiago was constructed by the Second Duke of Medina-Sidonia (Enrique Perez de Guzman y Meneses) between 1477 and 1478. The style is late Gothic. The castle is rectangular with towers around a central courtyard.

Castillos de Monzón y Loarre, Loarre, Huesca. Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castillos de Monzón y Loarre

Loarre, Huesca. Spain.

 

The Loarre castle complex was built largely during the 11th and 12th centuries, when its position on the frontier between Christian and Muslim lands gave it strategic importance.

 

The first of the two major building programs began ca. 1020, when Sancho el Mayor (r. 1063–94) reconquered the surrounding lands from the Muslims. At least three towers, two of which survive, the Homage tower (Torre del Homenaje) and the "Tower of the Queen" (Torre de la Reina), are attributed to this campaign.

 

The Homage tower was built in an isolated position in front of the fortifications, to which it was connected by a wooden bridge. The Torre de la Reinahas both Lombard and Mozarabic architectural forms.

Saint Catalina's Castle (Castillo de Santa Catalina), Cerro de Santa Catalina, overlooking the city of Jaén, Andalusia, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Saint Catalina's Castle (Castillo de Santa Catalina)

Cerro de Santa Catalina, overlooking the city of Jaén, Andalusia, Spain

 

The castle began as an 8th Century Moorish fortress last improved by the Nasrid King Abdallah ibn al-Ahmar (who also built Alhambra). Earlier there was a tower known as Hannibal's Tower, of which traces remain. After King Ferdinand III of Castile captured the city in 1246 following the Siege of Jaén, he commenced a transformation of the castle, including construction of what became known as the New Castle on the eastern extreme of the hill.

 

The construction in 1965 of a parador resulted in the destruction of many of the elements of the Old Castle. The few remnants of the original fortress occupy the western extreme of the hill.

Ribat of Monastir, Tunisia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ribat of Monastir, Tunisia.

 

Ribat of Monastir on the Mediterranean coast is the oldest and largest Maghreb Ribat. Built in 796 by the Abbasid general and governor of Ifriqiya, Harthimâ Ibn A’yûn, the complex that can be seen today is the result of a long evolution of successive additions and changes. The original nucleus of the building presents a regular plan with massive façades with cylindrical towers at the corners and a watchtower located to the southeast. The courtyard is lined with galleries which open on several stories.

Craigievar Castle, south of Alford, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Craigievar Castle

south of Alford, Aberdeenshire, Scotland.

 

Craigievar Castle was the seat of Clan Sempill and the Forbes family who resided here for 350 years until 1963, when the property was given to the National Trust for Scotland.

 

An example of the original Scottish Baronial architecture, the seven-storey castle was completed in 1626 by the Aberdonian merchant William Forbes. Forbes purchased the partially completed structure from the Mortimer family in the year 1610. Designed in the L plan, Craigievar is noted for its exceptionally crafted plasterwork ceilings. The ceilings feature plaster figures of the Nine Worthies and other family emblems.

Bled Castle, above the city of Bled, Slovenia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bled Castle

above the city of Bled, Slovenia.

 

Bled Castle (Slovene: Blejski grad, German: Burg Veldes) is a medieval castle built on a precipice overlooking Lake Bled. It was first mentioned in a 1011 deed of donation issued by Emperor Henry II in favour of the Bishops of Brixen. It passed to the Austrian House of Habsburg in 1278.

 

The oldest part of the castle is the Romanesque tower. In the Middle Ages more towers were built and the fortifications were improved. Other buildings were constructed in the Renaissance style. The buildings are arranged around two courtyards connected by a staircase. The castle also has a drawbridge over a moat.

Schloss Vetschau, Vetschau, Oberspreewald-Lausitzt, Brandenburg, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Vetschau

Vetschau, Oberspreewald-Lausitzt, Brandenburg, Germany.

 

The Vetschau Castle is a castle built in the Renaissance style in the Spreewald Standing on a small rise, the three-storey buildings are grouped around a small rectangular courtyard. The present appearance of the castle, built from 1538, is due to alterations in the years 1860-1870. The tower is provided with a lantern crowned by a dome.

 

Château de Belœil, Belœil, Hainaut, Belgium - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Château de Belœil

Belœil, Hainaut, Belgium.

 

Since the 14th century the Château de Belœil has been the residence of the Prince de Ligne. The château lies in the middle of a magnificent Baroque garden designed in 1664. Château and gardens can be visited during spring and summer.

Tully-Nally Castle, 2 km from Castlepollard, County Westmeath, Ireland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Tully-Nally Castle

2 km from Castlepollard, County Westmeath, Ireland.

 

Tullynally Castle is a country house (also known as Pakenham Hall Castle). The Gothic style building has over 120 rooms and has been home to the Pakenham family (Earls of Longford) for over 350 years.

 

The 2nd Earl remodelled the 17th-century house in the Gothic revival style in the early 1800s, adding towers and a moat. You can tell that it is not medieval because of the large, low, regular windows. The famous religious fruitcake, Lord Longford, was the 7th Earl. The grounds are open to the public.

State dining room, Alnwick Castle, Alnwick, Northumberland, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

State dining room

Alnwick Castle, Alnwick, Northumberland, England.

 

Alnwick is a castle and stately home. It is the seat of the Duke of Northumberland, built following the Norman conquest, remodelled a number of times over the last thousand years. It is a Grade I listed building.

Gallery, Pavlovsk Palace, Pavlovsk, near Saint Petersburg, Russia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Gallery

Pavlovsk Palace

Pavlovsk, near Saint Petersburg, Russia

 

In 1777 The Empress Catherine II of Russia gave a parcel of a thousand hectares of forest along the winding Slavyanka River, four kilometers from her residence at Tsarskoye Selo, to her son and heir Paul I and his wife Maria Feodorovna, to celebrate the birth of their first son, the future Alexander I of Russia.

 

On it Paul built the Pavlovsk Palace. After his death, it became the home of his widow, Maria Feodorovna. The palace and the large English garden surrounding it are now a Russian state museum and public park.

 

 

Kimbolton Castle, Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Kimbolton Castle

Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire, England.

 

Kimbolton Castle is best known as the final home of King Henry VIII's first queen, Catherine of Aragon. Originally a medieval castle but converted into a stately palace, it was the family seat of the Dukes of Manchester from 1615 until 1950. It now houses Kimbolton School.

The Villa Farnese, or Villa Caprarola, Caprarola, Viterbo, Northern Lazio, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Villa Farnese, or Villa Caprarola

Caprarola, Viterbo, Northern Lazio, Italy.

 

The Villa Farnese is situated directly above the town of Caprarola and dominates its surroundings. It is a Renaissance and Mannerist construction, opening to the Monte Cimini, a range of densely wooded volcanic hills. It is built in reddish gold stone. Caprarola has always been an expression of Farnese power, rather than a villa in the usual agricultural or pleasure senses. (The Villa Farnese is be confused with the Palazzo Farnese or the Villa Farnesina, both in Rome).

Thirlestane Castle, Borders, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Thirlestane Castle

Borders, Scotland.

 

Thirlestane Castle is a castle set in extensive parklands near Lauder. The site is named Castle Hill, as it stands upon raised ground within Lauderdale, the valley of the Leader Water. The land has been in the ownership of the Maitland family since 1587. Thirlestane served as the seat of the Earls of Lauderdale. The castle was substantially extended in the 1670s by the first and only Duke of Lauderdale. Further additions were made in the 19th century. The castle is now cared for by a charitable trust, and is open to the public.

Valencia de Don Juan, León, Castile and León, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Valencia de Don Juan

León, Castile and León, Spain.

 

Originally called Valencia de Campos, it was renamed after its First Lord, Infante John of Portugal.

Peel Castle, St Patrick's Isle, Isle of Man, UK - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Peel Castle, St Patrick's Isle, Isle of Man, UK

 

The castle was built in the 11th century by the Vikings, under the rule of Magnus II of the Isle of Man (King Magnus Barelegs). In the early 14th century, the majority of the present walls and towers were built, primarily from local red sandstone. After the Vikings, the castle continued to be used by the Church due to the cathedral built along with the castle – the cathedral church of the Sodor Diocese. The cathedral was eventually abandoned in the 18th century.

 

New defensive positions were added as late as 1860. The buildings within the castle are now mostly ruined, but the outer walls remain intact. Excavations in 1982-87 revealed an extensive graveyard as well as the remains of Magnus Bareleg's original wooden fort. The most spectacular finds were the 10th century grave of "The Pagan Lady" which included a fine example of a Viking necklace and a cache of silver coins dating from about 1030. The Castle's most famous resident is reputed to be Moddey Dhoo, a Black Dog ghost .The castle is now owned by Manx National Heritage and is open to visitors during the summer. Peel Castle is a possible location of the Arthurian Avalon.

Citadel of Raymond de Saint-Gilles (Qala'at Sanjil), Tripoli, Lebanon - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Citadel of Raymond de Saint-Gilles (Qala'at Sanjil)

Tripoli, Lebanon.

 

The citadel takes its name from Raymond IV, Raymond de Saint-Gilles, the Count of Toulouse and Crusader commander. He started its construction on a hilltop outside Tripoli in 1103 in order to lay siege to the city during the First Crusade. Later, Raymond enlarged the fortress, which he named Mont Peregrinus ("Mount Pilgrim").

 

Iit is not be confused with the Citadel of Tripoli, built by the Arabs in 636 and subsequently enlarged and modified by the Fatamids of Egypt and, later, by the Crusaders and Ottomans).

Laarne Castle, Laarne, East Flanders, Belgium - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Laarne Castle

Laarne, East Flanders, Belgium.

 

Laarne Castle (Kasteel van Laarne) is a moated castle, established in the 11th or 12th century to guard the approaches to Ghent from the sea, it was comprehensively renovated in the 17th century.

 

Since 1953 the castle has belonged to the Koninklijke Vereniging der Historische Woonsteden en Tuinen van België ("The Royal Association of Historical Houses and Gardens in Belgium"), to whom it was given by the last private owner, the Comte de Ribaucourt. It is a protected national monument and is now used as a museum.

Eggenberg (Schloss Eggenberg), Graz, Austria - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Eggenberg (Schloss Eggenberg)

Graz, Austria

 

Eggenberg Palace is the most significant Baroque palace complex in Styria. In 2010, Schloss Eggenberg was recognized for its significance to cultural history in an expansion to the listing of the Graz Historic Old Town among UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Sites.

Anholt Castle, District of Borken, North Rhine Westphalia, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Anholt Castle

District of Borken, North Rhine Westphalia, Germany

 

The Lordship of Anholt was a state of the Holy Roman Empire. It was an imperial estate and a member of the Lower Rhenish-Westphalian Circle. The Lordship bordered three larger states: the Duchy of Guelders, the Bishopric of Münster, and the Duchy of Cleves.

Alarcon Castle, Cuenca, Castile-La Mancha, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Alarcon Castle

Cuenca, Castile-La Mancha, Spain.

 

In 1177 Ferren Martínez de Ceballos led the Christian forces which captured Alarcón - then an important fortress - from the Almohads. .

Rumpenheimer Schloss, 63075 Offenbach, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Rumpenheimer Schloss

63075 Offenbach, Germany

 

Built 1678

Tarasp Castle, Lower Engadin, Graubünden, Switzerland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Tarasp Castle

Lower Engadin, Graubünden, Switzerland

 

Chastè da Tarasp (Tarasp Castle or in German, Schloss Tarasp) sits on a hill top near Tarasp. Located in the Romansh speaking area of Switerland, it is a Swiss heritage site of national significance.

Château de Rambures, Rambures, Somme, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Rambures

Rambures, Somme, France.

 

The château was constructed in the the 15th century in the style of a late medieval military fortress. It was one of the first castles in Europe to be constructed almost exclusively in bricks.

 

The castle is set in a park, the Parc et Roseraie du Château de Rambures containing a rose garden and ancient trees.

 

It has been classified as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1927.

The Entrance Hall, Blair Castle, Blair Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Entrance Hall

Blair Castle, Blair Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland

 

Blair Castle is the ancestral home of the Clan Murray, and was historically the seat of their chief, the Duke of Atholl,

 

The castle stands in Glen Garry, and commands a strategic position on the main route through the central Scottish Highlands.

 

The oldest part of the castle is the six-storey Cummings or Comyn's Tower, which retains some13th-century fabric, though it was largely built in the 15th century.

 

The castle is a category A listed building, and the grounds are included in the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland.

Orford Castle, Orford, Suffolk, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Orford Castle, Orford, Suffolk, England

 

Orford Castle was built between 1165 and 1173 by King Henry II of England to consolidate royal power in the region. The well-preserved keep, "one of the most remarkable keeps in England", is of a unique design and probably based on Byzantine architecture (brought back by crusaders).

Laolongtou or “The Old Dragon’s Head” is part of the Shanhai Pass (also known as Shanhaiguan) of the Great Wall of China - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Laolongtou or “The Old Dragon’s Head” i

part of the Shanhai Pass (also known as Shanhaiguan) of the Great Wall of China

Castell’ Arquato, Piacenza, Emilia-Romagna, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castell’ Arquato

Piacenza, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

 

Castell'Arquato is an Italian town located on the fioot hills of Val D’Arda, which has maintained its appearance as it was in the early 10th century.

Garden Room, Grand Trianon, Versailles, Île-de-France, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Garden Room

Grand Trianon

Versailles, Île-de-France, France.

 

The Grand Trianon is a Château / palace built in the northwestern part of the Domain of Versailles at the request of Louis XIV, as a retreat for the King and his maîtresse en titre of the time, the marquise de Montespan, and as a place where the King and invited guests could take collations away from the strict étiquette of the Court.

 

The Grand Trianon is set within its own park, which includes the Petit Trianon (a smaller château built between 1762 and 1768 during the reign of Louis XV).

Interior of City Palace, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Interior of City Palace

Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

 

City Palace, Udaipur was built over a period of nearly 400 years. Udaipur was the historic capital of the former kingdom of Mewar.

 

The City Palace represents a fusion of the Rajasthani and Mughal architectural styles. It was built on the east bank of the Lake Pichola, on a hill top that gives a panoramic view of Udaipur.

Umaid Bhawan Palace, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Umaid Bhawan Palace

Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

 

Umaid Bhawan Palace is one of the world's largest private residences. Named after Maharaja Umaid Singh, grandfather of the present owners of the palace, this monument has 347 rooms and serves as the principal residence of the Jodhpur royal family.

 

The present owner of the Palace is Maharaja of Jodhpur Gaj Singh. The Palace is divided into three functional parts - the residence of the royal family, the Taj Palace Hotel and a Museum focusing on the 20th century history of the Royal Family.

Above average Sand Castles - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Above average Sand Castles

Above average Sand Castles - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Glamis Castle is situated beside the village of Glamis, in Angus, Scotland.

 

It is the home of the Earl and Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and is open to the public.

 

Glamis Castle has been the home of the Lyon family since the 14th century, though the present building dates largely from the 17th century. Glamis was the childhood home of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, wife of King George VI. Their second daughter, Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, was born there.

 

The castle is protected as a category A listed building, and the grounds are included on the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland, the national listing of significant gardens.

San Lorenzo de El Escorial, northwest of Madrid, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

San Lorenzo de El Escorial

northwest of Madrid, Spain.

 

El Escorial is a historical residence of the King of Spain, It functions as a monastery, royal palace, museum, and school.

Originally a property of the Hieronymite monks, the monastery monastery now belongs to the Order of Saint Augustine. Philip II of Spain, engaged the Spanish architect, Juan Bautista de Toledo, to be his collaborator in the design of El Escorial. Philip appointed him architect-royal in 1559, and together they designed El Escorial as a monument to Spain's role as a center of the Christian world. On 2 November 1984, UNESCO declared The Royal Seat of San Lorenzo of El Escorial a World Heritage Site.

Torre de la Calahorra (Calahorra Tower), Córdoba, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Torre de la Calahorra (Calahorra Tower)

Córdoba, Spain

 

The tower is a fortified gate of Islamic origin.It was built during the late 12th century by the Almohads to protect the nearby Roman Bridge on the Guadalquivir. The tower, standing on the left bank of the river, originally consisted of an arched gate between two square towers.

 

The building was restored in 1369 by king Henry II of Castile. A third tower was added to the existing ones, in the shape of two cylinder connecting them.

 

The tower was declared a national historical monument in 1931.

Castelo de Évoramonte, Evoramonte (officially Évora Monte), Estremoz, Alentejo Central, Portugal - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castelo de Évoramonte

Evoramonte (officially Évora Monte), Estremoz, Alentejo Central, Portugal.

 

Founded in 1160.

The Roman walls of Barcelona. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Roman walls of Barcelona.

Barcelona is now the capital city of the autonomous community of Catalonia in Spain

 

The founding of Barcelona is the subject of two different legends. The first attributes the founding of the city to Hercules. The second to the Carthaginian Hamilcar Barca, (father of Hannibal) who named the city Barcino after his family in the 3rd century BC.

 

About 15 BC, the Romans created a castrum here centred on the "Mons Taber". The colony bore the name of Faventia, in full, Colonia Faventia Julia Augusta Pia Barcino, or Colonia Julia Augusta Faventia Paterna Barcino.. The Roman city minted its own coins. The typically Roman grid plan is still visible today in the layout of the historical centre. Some fragments of the Roman walls have been incorporated into the cathedral.

 

The city was subsequently conquered by the Visigoths in the early 5th century. After being conquered by the Arabs in the early 8th century, it was conquered in 801 by Charlemagne's son Louis, who made Barcelona the seat of the Carolingian "Hispanic March" (Marca Hispanica), a buffer zone ruled by the Count of Barcelona.

Château de l'Islette, Azay-le-Rideau, Indre-et-Loire, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de l'Islette

Azay-le-Rideau, Indre-et-Loire, France

 

Château de l'Islette is a castle dating from the sixteenth century. It was built near the Indre (a tributary tof the Loire), not to be confused with the nearby Château d'Azay-le-Rideau. The interior has been classified as a monument historique since 1946.

 

Castillo de Villaviciosa de Odón, Madrid, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castillo de Villaviciosa de Odón, Madrid, Spain

 

The Castle of Villaviciosa de Odón is a palace-fortress complex found in the small town of the same name near Madrid, Spain.

 

 

Fort Isabell II (Fuerte Isabel II), Ceuta, Spain - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Fort Isabell II (Fuerte Isabel II), Ceuta, Spain

 

Ceuta is an autonomous city of Spain located on the Mediterranean, on the North African side of the Strait of Gibraltar, which separates it from the Spanish mainland

Château de Balleroy, Balleroy, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Balleroy

Balleroy, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France

 

The château was built from 1626 to 1636 by Jean II de Choisy

 

It is classified as a monument historique since 1951.

Ávila Town walls, Ávila, Castile and León, Spain. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ávila Town walls

Ávila, Castile and León, Spain.

 

Ávila is sometimes called the Town of Stones and Saints. It is notable for having complete and prominent medieval town walls, built in the Romanesque style.

 

The town is also known as Ávila de los Caballeros, Ávila del Rey and Ávila de los Leales (Ávila of the Knights, the King and the Loyalists). It is "perhaps the most 16th-century town in Spain". It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

Corvin Castle, also known as Corvins' Castle, Hunyad Castle or Hunedoara Castle - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Corvin Castle

aka Corvins' Castle, Hunyad Castle or Hunedoara Castle

[Castelul Huniazilor or Castelul Corvinilor (Romanian)] [Vajdahunyad vára (Hungarian)]

Hunedoara, Transylvania, Romania

Eilean Donan (Eilean Donnain), Dornie, Kyle of Lochalsh IV40 8DX, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Eilean Donan (Eilean Donnain)

Dornie, Kyle of Lochalsh IV40 8DX, Scotland

 

Eilean Donan is a castle and small tidal island where three lochs meet, Loch Duich, Loch Long and Loch Alsh, in the western Highlands of Scotland.

 

The castle was founded in the thirteenth century, and became a stronghold of the Clan Mackenzie and their allies the Clan Macrae.

 

Between 1919 and 1932 the castle was rebuilt by Lt. Col. John MacRae-Gilstrap. The restoration included the construction of an arched bridge to give easier access to the island.

Burg Hochosterwitz, near Sankt Georgen am Längsee, east of the town of Sankt Veit an der Glan in the state of Carinthia, Austria - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burg Hochosterwitz

near Sankt Georgen am Längsee, east of the town of Sankt Veit an der Glan in the state of Carinthia, Austria

 

Hochosterwitz Castle is considered to be one of Austria's most impressive medieval castles.

 

There are 14 defensive gates, each equipped with different methods of guarding the path. Local legend maintains that the castle has never been conquered and that none of the attacks managed to get beyond the fourth gate.

Harlaxton Manor, Harlaxton, Lincolnshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Harlaxton Manor

Harlaxton, Lincolnshire, England

 

Harlaxton Manor, built in 1837, is a manor house which combines elements of Jacobean and Elizabethan styles with symmetrical Baroque massing.

 

The manor is a popular location for filming. Exterior and interior shots have been featured in the films The Ruling Class, The Last Days of Patton, The Lady and the Highwayman, The Haunting, and The Young Visiters.

 

It is now part of the University of Evansville's British campus.

   
Château du Plessis-Bourré, Écuillé, Maine-et-Loire department, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château du Plessis-Bourré

Écuillé, Maine-et-Loire department, France.

 

The Château du Plessis-Bourré is a château in the Loire Valley, built in less than 5 years from 1468 to 1472 by Finance Minister Jean Bourré, principal advisor to King Louis XI.

 

The château has not been modified externally since its construction and still has a fully working drawbridge

 

It was classified as a Monument historique in 1931.

 

The Château du Plessis-Bourré has been the location setting for numerous films.

Château de Mauvezin, Mauvezin, Hautes-Pyrénées, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Mauvezin

Mauvezin, Hautes-Pyrénées, France.

 

The site, occupied since protohistory, was transformed into a castrum in the Middle Ages, later contracting to a castle.

 

The present castle was built by Gaston Fébus (or Phoebus) around 1380. Following the merging of Bigorre into the Kingdom of France in 1607, it fell into disuse and was dismantled, its stones being used for other buildings.

 

Today, the castle is being restored. It is listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

La porte Notre Dame, Le château de Fougères, Ille-et-Vilaine, Brittany, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

La porte Notre Dame

Le château de Fougères

Ille-et-Vilaine, Brittany, France

 

The Château de Fougères is a castle was built on a naturally protected site, a rock emerging from a swamp surrounded by a loop of the Nançon river acting as a natural moat.

 

It had three rings of defense. In all it has 13 towers.

 

The first wooden fort was built by the House of Amboise in the eleventh century. It was destroyed in 1166 after it was besieged and taken by King Henry II of England. It was immediately rebuilt by Raoul II Baron de Fougères.

 

Today the castle belongs to the municipality of Fougères and is one of Europe's largest medieval fortresses.

Po Shanu Cham Towers, Phan Thiet, Vietnam - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Po Shanu Cham Towers

Phan Thiet, Vietnam

 

West of Mui Ne, the Po Shanu Cham towers, remnants of the once flourishing Cham empire, occupy a hill near Phan Thiet, with sweeping views of the town.

 

Dating from the 9th century, this complex consists of the ruins of three towers, none of which is in very good shape, largely due to destructive restoration efforts.

Palmanova

Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy.

 

The town of Palmanova is an example of star fort of the Late Renaissance. It was built by the Venetians in 1593.

Palmanova, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Palmanova

Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy.

 

The town of Palmanova is an example of star fort of the Late Renaissance. It was built by the Venetians in 1593.

 

You can just make out the star shaped defences outside the town at the top of the photograph.

Palmanova

Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy.

 

The town of Palmanova is an example of star fort of the Late Renaissance. It was built by the Venetians in 1593.

.

Edzell Castle near Edzell, Angus, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Edzell Castle

near Edzell, Angus, Scotland

 

Edzell Castle is a ruined 16th-century castle, with an early-17th-century walled garden. Edzell Castle was begun around 1520 by David Lindsay, 9th Earl of Crawford, and expanded by his son, Sir David Lindsay, Lord Edzell, who also laid out the garden in 1604.

 

It was briefly occupied by English troops during Oliver Cromwell's invasion of Scotland in 1651. In 1715 it was sold by the Lindsay family, and eventually came into the ownership of the Earl of Dalhousie.

 

The castle consists of the original tower house and building ranges around a courtyard. The adjacent Renaissance walled garden was replanted in the 1930s.

 

Edzell Castle was given into state care in the 1930s, and is now a visitor attraction run by Historic Scotland.

Château Fort de Gisors, Haute-Normandie, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château Fort de Gisors, Haute-Normandie, France

 

King William II of England ordered Robert of Bellême to build the first castle at Gisors. Henry I of England was responsible for the octagonal stone keep surmounting the motte. Henry's work at Gisors was part of a programme of royal castle building in Normandy during his reign to secure the region against the aspirations of the French crown.

 

The castle is also known for its links with the Templars. Put into their charge by the French king between 1158 and 1160, it became the final prison of the Grand Master of the Order, Jacques de Molay, in 1314.

Château d'Apremont, Apremont-sur-Allier, Cher, Centre, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château d'Apremont, Apremont-sur-Allier, Cher, Centre, France.

 

Château d'Apremont overlooks the River Allier. It lies on the limits of Berry. Not much remains of the great Anglo-Burgundian fortress with its 14 towers dating from the fifteenth century.

 

The Château was classified as as a monument historique in 1989.

Château d'Ainay-le-Vieil, Ainay-le-Vieil, Cher, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Château d'Ainay-le-Vieil

Ainay-le-Vieil, Cher, France.

 

Built in the 14th century, the castle was listed as a Monument historique in 1968 by the French Ministry of Culture.

Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye

Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, France

 

The Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye a royal palace locatd eabout 19 km west of Paris. Today, it houses the Musée d'Archéologie Nationale (Frenc hNational Museum of Archaeology).

Château de la Brosse, Farges-Allichamps, Cher, Centre, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de la Brosse

Farges-Allichamps, Cher, Centre, France

 

The history of the château dates back to the thirteenth century Its parc is subject to protection as a historic monument.

Schloss Celle, Celle, Lower Saxony, Germany - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Celle

Celle, Lower Saxony, Germany

 

Also known as das Celler Schloss and as Celle Palace, this quadrangular building was one of the residences of the House of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

 

The castle has rooms and halls datig back to different periods. The court chapel was converted after the Reformation and has been preserved almost unchanged with its Renaissance architecture. The baroque-style state rooms have also been preserved. In the Gothic Hall there are constantly changing exhibitions and in the East Wing is a section of Celle's Bomann Museum, dedicated to the history of the Kingdom of Hanover. The historic castle rooms and the castle chapel, restored between 1978 and 1981, may be visited as part of a guided tour.

Garsington Manor, Garsington, near Oxford, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Garsington Manor

Garsington, near Oxford, England

 

Garsington Manor is a Tudor building, built on land once owned by the son of the poet Geoffrey Chaucer. At one time it was called “Chaucers”.

 

Lady Ottoline and her husband, Philip Morrell, bought the manor house in 1914.They restored the house and Garsington became a haven for the Morrells’ friends, including D. H. Lawrence, Siegfried Sassoon, Lytton Strachey, Aldous Huxley, Mark Gertler, and Bertrand Russell.

Citadelle de Corté, Corte en Haute-Corse, Corsica, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Citadelle de Corté

Corte en Haute-Corse, Corsica, France

 

The Citadelle de Corte also known as the Nid d'aigle (Eagle's Nest) is an eighteenth century citadelle, build around a fifteenth century core, and now housing a museum of Corsica.

 

It has been classée as a monument historique in 1977.

Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England

 

Blenheim Palace is a monumental country house and the principal residence of the dukes of Marlborough. The palace, one of England's largest houses, was built between 1705 and circa 1722. as a reward to John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, from a grateful nation for the duke's military triumphs against the French and Bavarians during the War of the Spanish Succession, culminating in the 1704 Battle of Blenheim.

 

Following the palace's completion, it became the home of the Churchill, later Spencer-Churchill, family for the next 300 years. The palace is s the birthplace and ancestral home of Sir Winston Churchill.

 

It is the only non-royal non-episcopal building in England to hold the title of palace. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.

The Royal Château de Chambord, Chambord, Loir-et-Cher, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Royal Château de Chambord

Chambord, Loir-et-Cher, France

 

The building, which was never completed, was constructed by King Francis I of France. The royal Château de Chambord is one of the most recognizable châteaux in the world because of its distinctive French Renaissance architecture which blends traditional French medieval forms with classical Renaissance structures.

 

Chambord was built to serve as a hunting lodge for Francis I, who maintained royal residences at the châteaux of Blois and Amboise.

Baddesley Clinton, Warwickshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Baddesley Clinton, Warwickshire, England

 

Baddesley Clinton is a moated manor house, located just north of the town of Warwick. The house was probably established during the 13th century when large areas of the Forest of Arden were cleared and eventually converted to farmland.

 

Several priest holes were built, to conceal Catholic agents suspected of treason. One hole is off the Moat Room, a small room with a door hidden in the wood panelling. A second leads into the ceiling, and is reputed to hold six people. A third is hidden in a garderobe. Fugitives could slide down a rope from the first floor through the old garderobe shaft into the house's former sewers, which run the length of the building. These "priest holes" came into use at least once, in 1591 when a conference of Jesuit conspirators was raided by the local authorities.

 

The site is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and the Hall is a Grade I listed building.

 

In 1986 exterior shots of Baddesley Clinton were used by Granada Television for their Sherlock Holmes series in The Adventure of the Musgrave Ritual.

King John's Castle (Irish: Caisleán Luimnigh), King's Island, Limerick, Ireland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

King John's Castle (Irish: Caisleán Luimnigh), King's Island, Limerick, Ireland.

 

King John's Castle is a 13th-century castle located next to the River Shannon. Although the site dates back to 922 when the Vikings lived on the Island, the castle itself was built on the orders of King John in 1200. One of the best preserved Norman castles in Europe, the walls, towers and fortifications remain today and are visitor attractions.

 

Château d'Ainay-le-Vieil, Ainay-le-Vieil, Cher, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château d'Ainay-le-Vieil

Ainay-le-Vieil, Cher, France.

 

Built in the 14th century, the castle has been listed as a Monument historique since 1968 by the French Ministry of Culture.

The Château de Fougères, Fougères, Ille-et-Vilaine, Brittany, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château de Fougères

Fougères, Ille-et-Vilaine, Brittany, France.

 

Château de Fougères is Fougères' most famous monument and attraction. It is a medieval stronghold built on a granite ledge. It played an imporant part in the Duchy of Brittany's ultimately unsuccessful defence against French annexation in 1532.

Château de Chenonceau, Chenonceau, Indre-et-Loire, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Chenonceau

Chenonceau, Indre-et-Loire, France

 

The estate of Chenonceau is first mentioned in writing in the 11th century. The current château was built in 1514–1522 on the foundations of an old mill and was later extended to span the river.

 

The bridge over the river was built (1556-1559) to designs by the French Renaissance architect Philibert de l'Orme, and the gallery on the bridge (1570–1576) to designs by Jean Bullant

 

The château has been classified as a Monument historique since 1840 by the French Ministry of Culture. It is one of the most famous Loire Valley châteaux.

The Château de Fougères-sur-Bièvre, Fougères-sur-Bièvre, Loir-et-Cher, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château de Fougères-sur-Bièvre,

Fougères-sur-Bièvre, Loir-et-Cher, France.

 

Originally an 11th-century structure, the castle was rebuilt at the end of the 15th century, only the large square keep being preserved. The first changes retained military features(ditches, cannon-holes, wall walk) but more Renaissance refinements were added later, such as a gallery, mullioned windows and steep-sloped roofs. The castle was purchased and restored by the state in the 1930s. It has been listed since 1912 as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

Bruce Castle (Lordship House), Lordship Lane, Tottenham, 
              London - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bruce Castle (Lordship House)

Lordship Lane, Tottenham, London

 

Bruce Castle (formerly the Lordship House) is a Grade I listed 16th-century manor house.. It is named after the House of Bruce who formerly owned the land on which it is built. The current house is one of the oldest surviving English brick houses. It was remodelled in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries.

 

The building also houses the archives of the London Borough of Haringey. Since 1892 the grounds have been a public park.

Château d'Ussé, Rigny-Ussé, Indre-et-Loire, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Château d'Ussé

Rigny-Ussé, Indre-et-Loire, France.

 

This stronghold at the edge of the Chinon forest overlooking the Indre Valley was first fortified in the eleventh century by the Norman seigneur of Ussé, Gueldin de Saumur, who surrounded the fort with a palisade on a high terrace. The site passed to the Comte de Blois, who rebuilt in stone.

 

It was completed in 1612. The flamboyant Gothic style is mixed with new Renaissance motifs, and began the process of rebuilding the fifteenth-century château that resulted in the sixteenth-seventeenth century aspect of the structure to be seen today.

 

It is classified as a monument historique since 1931 by the French Ministry of Culture.

The Château de Fougères-sur-Bièvre, Fougères-sur-Bièvre, Loir-et-Cher, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château de Fougères-sur-Bièvre,

Fougères-sur-Bièvre, Loir-et-Cher, France.

 

Originally an 11th-century structure, the castle was rebuilt at the end of the 15th century, only the large square keep being preserved. The first changes retained military features(ditches, cannon-holes, wall walk) but more Renaissance refinements were added later, such as a gallery, mullioned windows and steep-sloped roofs. The castle was purchased and restored by the state in the 1930s. It has been listed since 1912 as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

The Château de Fougères-sur-Bièvre, Fougères-sur-Bièvre, Loir-et-Cher, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château de Fougères-sur-Bièvre

Fougères-sur-Bièvre, Loir-et-Cher, France.

 

Originally an 11th-century structure, the castle was rebuilt at the end of the 15th century, only the large square keep being preserved. The first changes retained military features(ditches, cannon-holes, wall walk) but more Renaissance refinements were added later, such as a gallery, mullioned windows and steep-sloped roofs. The castle was purchased and restored by the state in the 1930s. It has been listed since 1912 as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

Bojnice Castle, Bojnice, Slovakia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bojnice Castle

Bojnice, Slovakia

 

Bojnice Castle, dating from the 12th century, is today a Romantic castle with Gothic and Renaissance elements

 

Bojnice Castle is one of the most visited castles in Slovakia.

Château de Biron, Biron, Dordogne, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Biron, Biron, Dordogne, France

 

The Château de Biron is a large castle in the valley of the Lède. It was the castle from which the Gontaut-Biron took their name. It was their seat from the twelfth century. Biron was seized by Simon IV de Montfort in 1212 from forces sypathetic to the Cathars.

 

The Plantagenets held it at times during the 14th and 15th centuries. Biron was erected as a duché-pairie in 1598, for Charles de Gontaut, created duc de Biron.

 

The present château bears additions over the centuries: notably a twelfth-century keep and sixteenth-century living quarters and vaulted kitchens.

 

Since 1928, it has been listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture. The local commune purchased the Château de Biron in 1978, with a view to restoring it as a tourist attraction.

Edinburgh Castle, Castle Rock, Edinburgh, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

 

Edinburgh Castle, Castle Rock, Edinburgh, Scotland

 

Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress diminating the skyline of the city of Edinburgh. There has been a royal castle on the rock since at least the reign of David I in the 12th century.

 

As one of the most important strongholds in the Kingdom of Scotland, Edinburgh Castle was involved in many historical conflicts from the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th century to the Jacobite Rising of 1745.

 

The castle houses the Scottish regalia, known as the Honours of Scotland and is the site of the Scottish National War Memorial and the National War Museum of Scotland. The British Army is still responsible for some parts of the castle.

 

The castle is in the care of Historic Scotland and is Scotland's most-visited paid tourist attraction. As the backdrop to the Edinburgh Military Tattoo during the annual Edinburgh International Festival the castle has become a recognisable symbol of Edinburgh and of Scotland.

Highclere Castle, Hampshire, England, - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Highclere Castle

Hampshire, England,

 

Highclere Castle is a country house in the Jacobethan style, with a park designed by Capability Brown. It is the country seat of the Earl of Carnarvon, head of a branch of the Anglo-Welsh Herbert family.

 

Highclere Castle is the main filming location for the British television period drama Downton Abbey.

 

The Castle and gardens are open to the public during July and August and at times during the rest of the year.

Penrhyn Castle, Llandegai, Bangor, Gwynedd, North Wales - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Penrhyn Castle

Llandegai, Bangor, Gwynedd, North Wales

 

Penrhyn Castle is a country house built in the form of a Norman castle. It was originally a medieval fortified manor house, founded by Ednyfed Fychan. In 1438, Ioan ap Gruffudd was granted a licence to crenellate and he founded the stone castle and added a tower house. Samuel Wyatt reconstructed the property in the 1780s.

 

The present building was created between about 1822 and 1837 who expanded and transformed the building beyond recognition. Penrhyn is one of the numerous mock castles built in the United Kingdom in the 19th century. An obvious give-away are the large ground-level drawing room windows. Another is the castle's rectinear footprint. The castle also has some specially designed Norman style furniture, including a one ton slate bed made for Queen Victoria when she visited in 1859.

 

In 1951 the castle and 40,000 acres (160 km²) of land were accepted by the Treasury in lieu of death duties. It now belongs to the National Trust and is open to the public.

Château d'Amboise, Amboise, Indre-et-Loire département, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château d'Amboise

Amboise, Indre-et-Loire département, France

 

The royal Château at Amboise is a fortress in the Loire Valley. Confiscated by the monarchy in the 15th century, it became a favoured royal residence and was extensively rebuilt. King Charles VIII died at the château in 1498 after hitting his head on a door lintel.

 

The château fell into decline from the second half of the 16th century and the majority of the interior buildings were later demolished. Some survived and have been restored, along with the outer defensive circuit of towers and walls.

 

It has been recognised as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1840.

Walmer Castle, Walmer, Kent, England. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Walmer Castle, Walmer, Kent, England.

 

Walmer Castle was built by Henry VIII in 1539–1540 as an artillery fortress to counter the threat of invasion from Catholic France and Spain. It was part of his programme to create a chain of coastal defences along England's coast known as the Device Forts or as Henrician Castles.

 

It was one of three forts constructed to defend the Downs, an area of safe anchorage protected by the Goodwin Sands. The other forts were at Deal and Sandown. The castle is now owned and managed by English Heritage.

Leeds Castle, Kent, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Leeds Castle, Kent, England

 

Leeds Castle is in Kent, England, 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Maidstone. A castle has been on the site since 1119. In the 13th century it came into the hands of King Edward I, for whom it became a favourite residence; in the 16th century, Henry VIII used it as a residence for his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

 

The castle was a location for the 1949 film Kind Hearts and Coronets where it stood in for "Chalfont", the ancestral home of the d'Ascoyne family. The castle also appeared in Moonraker (1958) and Waltz of the Toreadors (1962). It was the set for the Doctor Who episode The Androids of Tara.

 

The castle today dates mostly from the 19th century and is built on islands in a lake formed by the River Len to the east of the village of Leeds. It has been open to the public since 1976

The Château de Lichtenberg, Lichtenberg, northern Vosges, Bas-Rhin department, Alsace, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The Château de Lichtenberg

Lichtenberg, northern Vosges, Bas-Rhin department, Alsace, France.

 

The Château de Lichtenberg is a castle built on a singular prominence, built in the 13th century by the Hanau-Lichtenberg family. It was in the center of a constantly shifting territory, which traded hands many times until the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, when it was partly destroyed by artillery fire and the resulting fires.

 

It was left to deteriorate for 120 years. In the 1990s, a massive consolidation project was undertaken on the ruins, with an investment of 52 million francs.

Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England

 

Windsor Castle is a royal residence notable for its long association with the English and later British royal family and also for its architecture. The original castle was built in the 11th century after the Norman invasion by William the Conqueror. Since the time of Henry I, it has been used by succeeding monarchs and is the longest-occupied palace in Europe. More than five hundred people live and work in Windsor Castle.

 

Originally designed to protect Norman dominance around the outskirts of London, and to oversee a strategically important part of the River Thames, Windsor Castle was built as a motte and bailey, with three wards surrounding a central mound. Gradually replaced with stone fortifications, the castle withstood a prolonged siege during the First Barons' War at the start of the 13th century. Henry III built a luxurious royal palace within the castle during the middle of the century, and Edward III went further, rebuilding the palace to produce an even grander set of buildings. Edward's core design lasted through the Tudor period, during which Henry VIII and Elizabeth I made increasing use of the castle as a royal court and centre for diplomatic entertainment.

 

Windsor Castle survived the tumultuous period of the English Civil War, when it was used as a military headquarters for Parliamentary forces and a prison for Charles I. During the Restoration, Charles II rebuilt much of Windsor Castle with the help of architect Hugh May, creating a set of extravagant, Baroque interiors that are still admired. After a period of neglect during the 18th century, George III and George IV renovated and rebuilt Charles II's palace at colossal expense, producing the current design of the State Apartments, full of Rococo, Gothic and Baroque furnishings. Victoria made minor changes to the castle, which became the centre for royal entertainment for much of her reign. Windsor Castle was used as a refuge for the royal family during the bombing campaigns of the Second World War and survived a fire in 1992.

Château Comtal, Carcassonne, Languedoc, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château Comtal, Carcassonne, Languedoc, France.

 

The Castle of Raymond Roger Trencavel, Viscount of Carcassonne, Béziers, Albi and the Razès. He died in his own prison here in 1209, aged 24, after being taken prisoner while under a safe-conduct from the Cistercian Abbot Arnaud Amaury the papal legate and military leader of the Albigensian Crusade who was besieging Carcassonne (and who then appointed Simon de Montfort as military leader of the crusade).

Carcassonne, Languedoc, France.

 

UNESCO World Heritage Site

Caernarfon Castle (Welsh: Castell Caernarfon), Caernarfon, Gwynedd, north-west Wales - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Caernarfon Castle (Welsh: Castell Caernarfon)

Caernarfon, Gwynedd, north-west Wales

 

There was a motte-and-bailey castle in the town of Caernarfon from the late 11th century until 1283 when King Edward I of England began replacing it with the current stone structure. The Edwardian town and castle acted as the administrative centre of north Wales and as a result the defences were built on a grand scale. There was a deliberate link with Caernarfon's Roman past – nearby is the Roman fort of Segontium – and the castle's walls are reminiscent of the Walls of Constantinople.

 

While the castle was under construction, town walls were built around Caernarfon. The work cost between £20,000 and £25,000 from the start until the end of work in 1330. Despite Caernarfon Castle's external appearance of being mostly complete, the interior buildings no longer survive and many of the building plans were never finished. The town and castle were sacked in 1294 when Madog ap Llywelyn led a rebellion against the English. Caernarfon was recaptured the following year. During the Glyndwr Rising of 1400–1415, the castle was besieged. When the Tudor dynasty ascended to the English throne in 1485, tensions between the Welsh and English began to diminish and castles were considered less important. As a result, Caernarfon Castle was allowed to fall into a state of disrepair.

 

During the English Civil War Caernarfon Castle was held by Royalists, and was besieged three times by Parliamentarian forces. Caernarfon Castle was neglected until the 19th century when the state funded repairs. In 1911, Caernarfon Castle was used for the investiture of the Prince of Wales, and again in 1969. It is part of the World Heritage Site "Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd"

The White Tower, Tower of London, Borough of Tower Hamlets, London, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The White Tower, Tower of London

Borough of Tower Hamlets, London, England

 

Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, known as the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London. It is separated from the eastern edge of the square mile of the City of London by Tower Hill. It was founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England.

 

The castle was used as a prison from 1100 (Ranulf Flambard) until 1952 (Kray twins), although that was not its primary purpose. It served as a royal residence. As a whole, the Tower is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat. There were several phases of expansion, mainly under Kings Richard the Lionheart, Henry III, and Edward I in the 12th and 13th centuries. The general layout established by the late 13th century remains despite later activity on the site.

 

The Tower of London has played a prominent role in English history. It was besieged several times and controlling it has been important to controlling the country. The Tower has served variously as an armoury, a treasury, a menagerie, the home of the Royal Mint, a public records office, and the home of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom.

 

it is cared for by the charity Historic Royal Palaces and is protected as a World Heritage Site.

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Edinburgh Castle

Castle Rock, Edinburgh, Scotland

 

Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress diminating the skyline of the city of Edinburgh. There has been a royal castle on the rock since at least the reign of David I in the 12th century.

 

As one of the most important strongholds in the Kingdom of Scotland, Edinburgh Castle was involved in many historical conflicts from the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th century to the Jacobite Rising of 1745.

 

The castle houses the Scottish regalia, known as the Honours of Scotland and is the site of the Scottish National War Memorial and the National War Museum of Scotland. The British Army is still responsible for some parts of the castle.

 

The castle is in the care of Historic Scotland and is Scotland's most-visited paid tourist attraction. As the backdrop to the Edinburgh Military Tattoo during the annual Edinburgh International Festival the castle has become a recognisable symbol of Edinburgh and of Scotland.

Tamworth Castle, Tamworth, Staffordshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Tamworth Castle

Tamworth, Staffordshire, England.

 

Overlooking the River Tame, the site has been fortified since Anglo-Saxon times, when Ethelfleda, the Mercian Queen, built a burh to defend against Danes in 913. It served as a residence of the Mercian kings. Rebuilt and enlarged by the Normans, it is today one of the best preserved Norman motte-and-bailey castles in England.

 

Today it is a monument of local council philistinism, surrounded by ugly modern housing.

 

The present castle was constructed by the Norman invaders in the 1080s, occupying the south western part of the earlier burh. It dates primarily from the 11th and 12th century and was constructed in the typical Norman motte and bailey fashion. Following the Norman Invasion of 1066, Tamworth was granted to Robert Despenser, steward to William the Conqueror. Robert died childless and so the castle passed to a daughter of his brother Urse d'Abetot's, Matilida, who married Robert de Marmion. The Marmion family, from Fontenay-le-Marmion, Normandy, held the castle for 6 generations from c.1100 - 1294. The Marmion family were hereditary champions to the Dukes of Normandy and then of the new Kings of England. This role required them to offer a ceremonial challenge to those who would oppose the King.

 

Tamworth Castle is a Grade I listed building.

Edinburgh Castle, Castle Rock, Edinburgh, Scotland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Edinburgh Castle

Castle Rock, Edinburgh, Scotland

 

Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress diminating the skyline of the city of Edinburgh. There has been a royal castle on the rock since at least the reign of David I in the 12th century.

 

As one of the most important strongholds in the Kingdom of Scotland, Edinburgh Castle was involved in many historical conflicts from the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th century to the Jacobite Rising of 1745.

 

The castle houses the Scottish regalia, known as the Honours of Scotland and is the site of the Scottish National War Memorial and the National War Museum of Scotland. The British Army is still responsible for some parts of the castle.

 

The castle is in the care of Historic Scotland and is Scotland's most-visited paid tourist attraction. As the backdrop to the Edinburgh Military Tattoo during the annual Edinburgh International Festival the castle has become a recognisable symbol of Edinburgh and of Scotland.

Château du Gué-Péan Monthou-sur-Cher, Loir-et-Cher, Centre, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château du Gué-Péan

Monthou-sur-Cher, Loir-et-Cher, Centre, France

 

Monument historique

Belvoir Castle, Leicestershire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Belvoir Castle

Leicestershire, England

 

Belvoir Castle is a stately home, the traditional seat of the Dukes of Rutland, overlooking the Vale of Belvoir. It is a Grade I listed building.

 

A corner of the castle is still used as the family home of the Manners family and remains the seat of the Dukes of Rutland, most of whom are buried in the grounds of the mausoleum there.

Château de Azay-le-Rideau, Azay-le-Rideau, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, Centre, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Azay-le-Rideau

Azay-le-Rideau, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, Centre, France

Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England

 

Windsor Castle is a royal residence notable for its long association with the English and later British royal family and also for its architecture. The original castle was built in the 11th century after the Norman invasion by William the Conqueror. Since the time of Henry I, it has been used by succeeding monarchs and is the longest-occupied palace in Europe. More than five hundred people live and work in Windsor Castle.

 

Originally designed to protect Norman dominance around the outskirts of London, and to oversee a strategically important part of the River Thames, Windsor Castle was built as a motte and bailey, with three wards surrounding a central mound. Gradually replaced with stone fortifications, the castle withstood a prolonged siege during the First Barons' War at the start of the 13th century. Henry III built a luxurious royal palace within the castle during the middle of the century, and Edward III went further, rebuilding the palace to produce an even grander set of buildings. Edward's core design lasted through the Tudor period, during which Henry VIII and Elizabeth I made increasing use of the castle as a royal court and centre for diplomatic entertainment.

Arundel Castle, Arundel, West Sussex, England. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Arundel Castle

Arundel, West Sussex, England.

 

Arundel Castle is a restored medieval castle. It was established by Roger de Montgomery on Christmas Day 1067. Roger became the first to hold the earldom of Arundel under William the Conqueror.

 

The castle was damaged in the English Civil War and then restored in the 18th and 19th centuries.

 

From the 11th century onward, the castle has served as a hereditary stately home and has been in the family of the Duke of Norfolk for over 400 years. The castle was damaged in the English Civil War and then restored in the 18th and 19th centuries. It is still the principal seat of the Norfolk family. It is a Grade I listed building

Picton Castle (Welsh: Castell Pictwn) near Haverfordwest in Pembrokeshire, Wales. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Picton Castle (Welsh: Castell Pictwn)

near Haverfordwest in Pembrokeshire, Wales.

 

Picton Castle was originally built at the end of the 13th century by Sir John Wogan and is still inhabited by his descendants, the Philipps family (with titles Baron Milford and Viscount St Davids).

Château de Menthon Saint-Bernard , above the lac d'Annecy, Haute-Savoie, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Menthon Saint-Bernard

above the lac d'Annecy, Haute-Savoie, France.

Oheka Castle, North Shore of Long Island, in Huntington, New York, USA - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Oheka Castle

North Shore of Long Island, in Huntington, New York, USA.

 

Oheka Castle, also known as the Otto Kahn Estate was the country home of financier and philanthropist Otto Kahn.

 

A modern mansion rather than a castle, it was built by Kahn between 1914 and 1919, and is the second largest private home in the United States, comprising 127 rooms and over 109,000 square feet (10,100 m2), as originally configured.

Ljubljana Castle (Slovene: Ljubljanski Grad), Ljubljana, Slovenia - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ljubljana Castle (Slovene: Ljubljanski Grad)

Ljubljana, Slovenia.

 

Ljubljana Castle is located on Castle Hill (Grajski gric) overlooking the old town of Ljubljana. The area has been settled continuously since 1200 BC. The hill probably became a Roman army stronghold after fortifications were built in Illyrian and Celtic times.

 

In 1335 it became property of the House of Habsburg. In the 15th century it was almost completely demolished and rebuilt with a complete wall and towers at the entrance.

 

In the 17th and 18th centuries, the castle became an arsenal and a military hospital. It was damaged during the Napoleonic period and, once back in the Austrian Empire, became a prison, which it remained until 1905, resuming that function during World War II.

Château Comtal, Carcassonne, Languedoc, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château Comtal, Carcassonne, Languedoc, France.

 

The Castle of Raymond Roger Trencavel, Viscount of Carcassonne, Béziers, Albi and the Razès. He died in his own prison here in 1209, aged 24, after being taken prisoner while under a safe-conduct from the Cistercian Abbot Arnaud Amaury the papal legate and military leader of the Albigensian Crusade who was besieging Carcassonne (and who then appointed Simon de Montfort as military leader of the crusade).

The White Tower, Tower of London, Borough of Tower Hamlets, London, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

The White Tower, Tower of London

Borough of Tower Hamlets, London, England

 

Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, known as the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London. It is separated from the eastern edge of the square mile of the City of London by Tower Hill. It was founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England.

 

The castle was used as a prison from 1100 (Ranulf Flambard) until 1952 (Kray twins), although that was not its primary purpose. It served as a royal residence. As a whole, the Tower is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat. There were several phases of expansion, mainly under Kings Richard the Lionheart, Henry III, and Edward I in the 12th and 13th centuries. The general layout established by the late 13th century remains despite later activity on the site.

 

The Tower of London has played a prominent role in English history. It was besieged several times and controlling it has been important to controlling the country. The Tower has served variously as an armoury, a treasury, a menagerie, the home of the Royal Mint, a public records office, and the home of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom.

 

it is cared for by the charity Historic Royal Palaces and is protected as a World Heritage Site.

Ceramic poppies at the Tower of London, 2014. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ceramic poppies at the Tower of London, 2014.

 

Installation “Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red”, marking the centenary of the outbreak of the First World War. Created by ceramic artist Paul Cummins, with setting by stage designer Tom Piper, 888,246 ceramic poppies progressively fill the Tower’s moat, each poppy representing a British fatality during the First World War.

Garsington Manor, Garsington, near Oxford, England. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Garsington Manor

Garsington, near Oxford, England.

 

Garsington Manor is a Tudor building, built on land once owned by the son of the poet Geoffrey Chaucer. At one time it was called "Chaucers". Lady Ottoline and her husband, Philip Morrell, bought the manor house in 1914.They restored the house and Garsington became a haven for the Morrells’ friends, including D. H. Lawrence, Siegfried Sassoon, Lytton Strachey, Aldous Huxley, Mark Gertler, and Bertrand Russell.

Classiebawn Castle, Mullaghmore peninsula near Cliffoney, County Sligo, in the Republic of Ireland - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Classiebawn Castle

Mullaghmore peninsula near Cliffoney, County Sligo,

Republic of Ireland.

 

Classiebawn Castle is a country house built for Viscount Palmerston on what was formerly a 10,000 acre estate. The current castle was largely built in the nineteenth century and is seen here against the Benbulbin. It was designed in the Baronial style by J. Rawson Carrol, and is constructed from a yellow-brown sandstone from County Donegal. It comprises a gabled range with a central tower topped by a conical roofed turret.

Château St-Ferriol, Saint-Ferriol, Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon, France. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château St-Ferriol

Saint-Ferriol, Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon, France.

 

The Château St-Ferriol, is a late-medieval / early Renaissance castle in the heart of Cathar Country, built by a family (de Planh in Occitan or de Plaigne in French) at least three members of which were besieged at Montsegur in 1244.

 

The photo shows the Château in the early morning mist.

Castle of Santiago, Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Cádiz province, Andalucía, Spain. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Castle of Santiago

Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Cádiz province, Andalucía, Spain.

 

The Castle of Santiago was constructed by the Second Duke of Medina-Sidonia (Enrique Perez de Guzman y Meneses) between 1477 and 1478. The style is late Gothic. The castle is rectangular with towers around a central courtyard.

Le château de la Ferté, La Ferté-Saint-Aubin, Loiret, Centre, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Le château de la Ferté

La Ferté-Saint-Aubin, Loiret, Centre, France.

 

One of the famous châteaux de la Loire.

Burg Gudenau, Wachtberg, Rhein-Sieg district, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Burg Gudenau

Wachtberg, Rhein-Sieg district, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

 

Castle Gudenau is a Wasserschloß - or moated castle.

Örebro Castle, Örebro, Närke, Sweden. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Örebro Castle

Örebro, Närke, Sweden.

 

For over 700 years occupants of Örebro Castle controlled the bridge over the River Svartån. The oldest part of the castle, a defence tower, was erected in the latter half of the 13th century. It was added to in the 14th century to make a larger stronghold, and towards the end of the 16th century most of the castle we see today was built. It was expanded during the reign of the royal House of Vasa and rebuilt about 1900. The castle lies on an island in the river Svartån.

Design for a 'Device Fort' or 'Henrician Castle'. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Design for a 'Device Fort' or 'Henrician Castle'.

 

Castle design for King Henry VIII for a castle to defend the South Coast of England.

 

 

Deal Castle, Deal, Kent, England. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Deal Castle, Deal, Kent, England.

 

One of the most impressive of the Device Forts or Henrician Castles built by Henry VIII between 1539 and 1540 as an artillery fortress to counter the threat of invasion, brought about by the alliance between Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King Francis I of France in 1538.

Schloss Hof (Hof Palace), Engelhartstetten (east of Vienna), Lower Austria. - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Schloss Hof (Hof Palace)

Engelhartstetten (east of Vienna), Lower Austria.

 

Schloss Hof near the border of Slovakia. It once belonged to Prince Eugene of Savoy who purchased it in 1726, He had it enlarged in the Baroque style in 1729, and used it as an elaborate hunting lodge. He left it to a niece in his will, and it was later purchased by Empress Maria Theresa of Austria and became part of the imperial estates.

Château de Puilaurens, Lapradelle-Puilaurens, Aude département, Laguedoc-Roussillon, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Château de Puilaurens

Lapradelle-Puilaurens, Aude département,

Laguedoc-Roussillon, France

 

The Château de Puilaurens (also Puylaurens; in Occitan: lo Castèl de Puèg-Laurenç) is one of the so-called Cathar castles in what is now the South of France.

 

The castle stands on a spur of rock above the Boulzane Valley and the villages of Lapradelle and Puilaurens.

 

from an unusual angle

Montrottier Castle, Lovagny, France - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Montrottier Castle, Lovagny, France

 

Montrottier Castle was built between the 13th and 15th century above the Gorges du Fier. It is a pentagonal fortress arranged around a cylindrical tower with battlements.

 

The oldest buildings including the round tower date from the 13th century, the others belong to the 15th. The Knights dwelling, the Earls'dwelling, the curtain wall and the keep date back to the Fifteenth century.

Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com
Bolsover Castle, Bolsover, Derbyshire, England - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Bolsover Castle

Bolsover, Derbyshire, England

 

.Bolsover Castle was founded in the 12th century by the Peverel family, who also owned Peveril Castle in Derbyshire. The site is now in the care of English Heritage and is a Grade I listed building and a Scheduled Ancient Monument.

Ceramic poppies at the Tower of London, 2014 - www.castlesandmanorhouses.com

Ceramic poppies at the Tower of London, 2014.

 

Installation “Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red”, marking the centenary of the outbreak of the First World War. Created by ceramic artist Paul Cummins, with setting by stage designer Tom Piper, 888,246 ceramic poppies progressively fill the Tower’s moat, each poppy representing a British fatality during the First World War.

 

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